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   Law and Civil Rights  (p. 2)


 


Same-Sex Marriage, Gay Rights
cont.

NBC News/Wall Street Journal Poll conducted by the polling organizations of Peter Hart (D) and Bill McInturff (R). Dec. 6-9, 2012. N=1,000 adults nationwide. Margin of error 3.1.

.

"If a law passed that allowed same-sex marriages to become legal in your state, would you actively support such a law, be in favor but not actively support it, be opposed to it but not actively try to have it overturned, or be opposed to such a law and actively work to overturn it?"

.

Actively
support
Favor, but
not actively
Oppose, but
not actively
Oppose, work
to overturn
Unsure 

%

%

%

%

% 

12/6-9/12

25

30

25

16

3 

5/16-20/12

24

30

23

17

6 


 

USA Today/Gallup Poll. Nov. 26-29, 2012. N=1,015 adults nationwide. Margin of error 4.

.

"Do you think the Boy Scouts of America should or should not allow openly gay adults to serve as Boy Scout leaders?"

.

Should Should not Unsure

%

%

%

11/26-29/12

42 52 6


 

ABC News/Washington Post Poll. Nov. 7-11, 2012. N=1,023 adults nationwide. Margin of error 3.5.

.

"Do you support or oppose gay marriage?"

.

Support Oppose Unsure
% % %
11/7-11/12 51 47 3

 

AP-National Constitution Center Poll conducted by GfK Roper Public Affairs & Corporate Communications. Aug. 16-20, 2012. N=1,006 adults nationwide. Margin of error 3.9.

.

"Should couples of the same sex be entitled to the same government benefits as married couples of the opposite sex, or should the government distinguish between them?"

.

Entitled to
the same
Distinguish
between
Unsure Refused

%

%

%

%

8/16-20/12

63

32

4

1

8/18-22/11

57

40

2

1

8/11-16/10

58

38

3

1

9/3-8/09

54

42

4

1

8/22-29/08

51

43

4

1

.

"Should the government give legal recognition to marriages between couples of the same sex, or not?"
2010 & 2011: "Should the federal government give legal recognition to marriages between couples of the same sex, or not?"
9/09: "Should the federal government give legal recognition to marriages between couples of the same sex?"

.

Should Should not Unsure Refused

%

%

%

%

8/16-20/12

53

42

4

1

8/18-22/11

53

44

2

1

8/11-16/10

52

46

2

-

9/3-8/09

46

53

1

-


 

AP-GfK Poll conducted by GfK Roper Public Affairs & Corporate Communications. June 14-18, 2012. N=1,007 adults nationwide. Margin of error 4. 2011: AP/NCC Poll.

.

"Would you favor, oppose, or neither favor nor oppose a law allowing same-sex couples to be legally married in your state?"
In CT, DC, IA, MA, NH, NY, VT, WA: "Do you favor, oppose, or neither favor nor oppose a law allowing same-sex couples to be legally married in your state?"

.

Favor Oppose Neither favor
nor oppose
Already legal
in my state (vol.)
Unsure

%

%

%

%

%

6/14-18/12

40

42

15

1

3

8/18-22/11

42

45

10

1

1


 

ABC News/Washington Post Poll. May 17-20, 2012. N=1,004 adults nationwide. Margin of error 4.

.

"Do you think each state should make its own laws on same-sex marriage, or do you think the federal government should make one law for all states on this issue?" Options rotated

.

Each state Federal
government
Unsure
% % %
5/17-20/12 49 46 5

 

Fox News Poll conducted by Anderson Robbins Research (D) and Shaw & Company Research (R). May 13-15, 2012. N=913 registered voters nationwide. Margin of error 3.
2010 & earlier: Conducted by Opinion Dynamics Corp. LV = likely voters. Except where noted, results are among registered voters.

.

"Would you favor or oppose amending the U.S. Constitution to define marriage as being between a man and a woman?"

.

Favor Oppose Depends (vol.) Unsure  
% % % %  
5/13-15/12 38 53 2 7  

.

3/3-4/04 52 40 3 5  

.

"Do you believe gays and lesbians should be allowed to get legally married, allowed a legal partnership similar to but not called marriage, or should there be no legal recognition given to gay and lesbian relationships?"

.

Legally
married
Legal
partnership
No legal
recognition
Unsure  
% % % %  
5/13-15/12 37 33 25 5  

.

8/10-11/10 37 29 28 6  
5/12-13/09 33 33 29 5  
11/4-5/06 LV 30 30 32 7  
6/13-14/06 27 25 39 8  
5/18-19/04 25 26 40 9  
3/3-4/04 20 33 40 7  

 

CBS News/New York Times Poll. May 11-13, 2012. N=615 adults nationwide who had previously been polled by CBS and The New York Times April 13-17, 2012. Margin of error 4.

.

"Which comes closest to your view? Gay couples should be allowed to legally marry. OR, Gay couples should be allowed to form civil unions but not legally marry. OR, There should be no legal recognition of a gay couple's relationship."

.

Legal
marriage
Civil unions No legal
recognition
Unsure

 

%

%

%

%

 

5/11-13/12

38

24

33

5

 

.

"If you had to decide, do you think it should be legal or not legal for same-sex couples to marry?"

.

Legal Not legal Unsure

 

 

%

%

%

 

 

5/11-13/12

42

51

7

 

 

.

"Would you favor or oppose an amendment to the U.S. Constitution that would allow marriage only between a man and a woman?"

.

Favor Oppose Unsure

 

 

%

%

%

 

 

5/11-13/12

50

46

4

 

 

.

"Do you think laws regarding whether same-sex marriage is legal or not should be determined by the federal government or left to each individual state government to decide?"

.

Federal States Both (vol.) Unsure

 

%

%

%

%

 

5/11-13/12

32

57

1

9

 


 

Gallup Poll. May 3-6, 2012. N=1,024 adults nationwide. Margin of error 4.

.

"Do you think gay or lesbian relations between consenting adults should or should not be legal?"
2003: "Do you think homosexual relations between consenting adults should or should not be legal?"

.

Should Should not Unsure

%

%

%

5/3-6/12

63 31 6

12/15-18/11

62 33 5

5/5-8/11

64 32 4

7/25-27/03

48 46 6

7/18-20/03

50 44 6

5/5-7/03

60 35 5


 

Public Religion Research Institute/Religion News Service. March 7-11, 2012. N=1,007 adults nationwide. Margin of error 3.5.

.

"I'd like to get your views on some issues that are being discussed in the country today. All in all, do you strongly favor, favor, oppose, or strongly oppose . . . ?"

.

Strongly
favor
Favor Oppose Strongly
oppose
Unsure

%

%

%

%

%

.

"Allowing gay and lesbian couples to adopt children"

3/7-11/12

23

31

19

21

5


 

NBC News/Wall Street Journal Poll conducted by the polling organizations of Peter Hart (D) and Bill McInturff (R). Feb. 29-March 3, 2012. N=800 adults nationwide. Margin of error 3.5.

.

"Would you say you are more likely to vote for a candidate who supports same-sex marriage, a candidate who opposes same-sex marriage, or would it not make much difference in how you might vote?"

.

More likely
to vote for
supporter
More likely
to vote for
opponent
Would not
make much
difference
Unsure

 

 

%

%

%

%

 

 

2/29 - 3/3/12

25

20

54

1

 

 


 

CBS News/New York Times Poll. Feb. 8-13, 2012. N=1,197 adults nationwide. Margin of error 3.

.

"Which comes closest to your view? Gay couples should be allowed to legally marry. OR, Gay couples should be allowed to form civil unions but not legally marry. OR, There should be no legal recognition of a gay couple's relationship."

.

Legal
marriage
Civil unions No legal
recognition
Unsure
% % % %

2/8-13/12

40 23 31 6

9/10-15/11

38 27 28 7

8/20-24/10

40 30 25 5
4/5-12/10 39 24 30 7

6/12-16/09

33 30 32 5

4/22-26/09

42 25 28 5
3/12-16/09 33 27 35 5
5/30 - 6/3/08 30 28 36 6
3/7-11/07 28 32 35 5
10/27-31/06 28 29 38 5
6/06 27 30 40 3
2/24-28/05 23 34 41 2

11/18-21/04

21 32 44 3
7/11-15/04 28 31 38 3
5/20-23/04 28 29 40 3
3/10-14/04 22 33 40 5

 

CBS News Poll. Sept. 28-Oct. 2, 2011. N=1,012 adults nationwide. Margin of error 3.

.

"Do you favor or oppose allowing gay men and lesbians to serve openly in the military? ... Do you favor/oppose that strongly or not so strongly?"

.

Favor
strongly
Favor not
so strongly
Oppose not
so strongly
Oppose
strongly
Unsure

%

%

%

%

%

9/28 - 10/2/11

50

18

7

15

10

11/29 - 12/2/10

53

16

8

15

8

10/21-26/10

46

16

9

19

10


 

ABC News/Washington Post Poll. July 14-17, 2011. N=1,001 adults nationwide. Margin of error 3.5.

.

"New York recently passed a law that allows gay and lesbian couples to marry. Do you think this is a positive or negative development?"

.

Positive Negative Unsure
% % %
7/14-17/11 50 46 5

 

Quinnipiac University Poll. July 5-11, 2011. N=2,311 registered voters nationwide. Margin of error 2.

.

"Under current federal law states can refuse to recognize same-sex marriages performed in other states. Do you think this law should remain in existence or not?"

.

Should Should not Unsure
% % %

7/5-11/11

44 49 7

4/21-27/09

50 44 6

.

"Under current federal law spouses in same-sex marriages are denied eligibility for federal benefits. Do you think this law should remain in existence or not?"

.

Should Should not Unsure
% % %

7/5-11/11

35 59 6

4/21-27/09

39 54 7

 

ABC News/Washington Post Poll. Dec. 9-12, 2010. N=1,001 adults nationwide. Margin of error 3.5.

.

"Do you think homosexuals / gays and lesbians who do NOT publicly disclose their sexual orientation should be allowed to serve in the military or not?" "Homosexuals" and "Gays and lesbians" each asked of half the sample.
2/10 & earlier: "Do you think homosexuals who do NOT publicly disclose their sexual orientation should be allowed to serve in the military or not?"

.

Should be
allowed
Should not
be allowed
Unsure
% % %
12/9-12/10 83 14 4
2/4-8/10 83 15 1

7/10-13/08

78

18

5

1/01

75

22

3

5/93

63

35

2

.

"Do you think homosexuals / gays and lesbians who DO publicly disclose their sexual orientation should be allowed to serve in the military or not?" "Homosexuals" and "Gays and lesbians" each asked of half the sample.
2/10 & earlier: "Do you think homosexuals who DO publicly disclose their sexual orientation should be allowed to serve in the military or not?"

.

Should be
allowed
Should not
be allowed
Unsure
% % %
12/9-12/10 77 21 2
2/4-8/10 75 24 1

7/10-13/08

75

22

3

1/01

62

35

3

5/93

44

55

2


 

Gallup Poll. Dec. 3-6, 2010. N=1,003 adults nationwide, interviewed via Gallup Daily tracking. Margin of error 4.

.

"Suppose that on Election Day you could vote on key issues as well as candidates. Please tell me whether you would vote for or against a law that would do each of the following. First, would you vote for or against a law that would allow gays and lesbians to serve openly in the U.S. military?"

.

Vote for Vote against Unsure
% % %

12/3-6/10

67 28 5

 

Pew Research Center. Dec. 1-5, 2010. N=1,500 adults nationwide. Margin of error 3.

.

"Do you strongly favor, favor, oppose, or strongly oppose allowing gays and lesbians to serve openly in the military?"

.

Strongly favor Favor Oppose Strongly oppose Unsure/
Refused

%

%

%

%

%

12/1-5/10

21

38

16

8

17

11/4-7/10

23

35

16

11

16

2/3-9/10

18

43

17

10

12


 

USA Today/Gallup Poll. Nov. 19-21, 2010. N=1,037 adults nationwide. Margin of error 4.

.

"As you may know, Congress is considering several issues during its lame duck session between now and the end of the year. The lame duck session includes many current members of Congress who will leave when the new Congress takes over in January. How important is it to you that the current lame duck Congress complete action on each of the following this year: very important, somewhat important, not too important, or not important at all? How about passing legislation to allow openly gay men and women to serve in the military?"

.

Very
important
Somewhat
important
Not too
important
Not important
at all
Unsure

%

%

%

%

%

11/19-21/10

32

24

18

23

2


 

McClatchy-Marist Poll. Nov. 15-18, 2010. N=810 registered voters nationwide. Margin of error 3.5.

.

"Do you think the current Democratic Congress should repeal the 'Don't Ask, Don't Tell' policy and allow gay men and women to serve openly in the military or do you think they should not repeal it so they continue to serve but not openly?"

.

Should repeal Should not
repeal
Unsure
% % %

11/15-18/10

47 48 5

 

NBC News/Wall Street Journal Poll conducted by the polling organizations of Peter Hart (D) and Bill McInturff (R). Nov. 11-15, 2010. N=1,000 adults nationwide. Margin of error 3.1.

.

"Now, thinking about the military: Let me read you three statements about gay men and women serving in the military, and please tell me which one comes closest to your point of view. I favor allowing gay men and women to serve in the military. I favor allowing gay men and women to serve in the military under the existing 'don't ask, don't tell' policy. I oppose allowing gay men and women to serve in the military." Options rotated

.

Favor
allowing
to serve
Favor
under DADT
policy
Oppose
allowing
to serve
Unsure

%

%

%

%

11/11-15/10

50

38

10

2


 

Quinnipiac University Poll. Nov. 8-15, 2010. N=2,424 registered voters nationwide. Margin of error 2.

.

"Federal law currently prohibits openly gay men and women from serving in the military. Do you think this law should be repealed or not?"

.

Should be Should not be Unsure
% % %

11/8-15/10

58 34 8

2/2-8/10

57 36 6

4/21-27/09

56 37 7

 

CNN/Opinion Research Corporation Poll. Nov. 11-14, 2010. N=1,014 adults nationwide. Margin of error 3.

.

"Do you favor or oppose permitting people who are openly gay or lesbian to serve in the military?"

.

Favor Oppose Unsure  

%

%

%

 

11/11-14/10

72

23

5

 

9/21-23/10

67

28

5

 

2/12-15/10

69

27

4

 


 

CBS News Poll. Oct. 6-8, 2010. N=804 adults nationwide. Margin of error 4.

.

"Do you favor or oppose permitting gay men and lesbians to serve in the military? ... Do you favor/oppose that strongly or not so strongly?"

.

Strongly favor Favor not
so strongly
Oppose not
so strongly
Oppose strongly Unsure

%

%

%

%

%

10/6-8/10

51

18

8

13

10

8/20-24/10

54

21

10

9

6

.

"What if they openly announce their sexual orientation? In that case would you favor or oppose permitting gay men and lesbians to serve in the military?"

.

Favor Oppose Unsure

.

%

%

%

.

10/6-8/10

56

31

13

.

8/20-24/10

64

28

8

.


 

CBS News Poll. Aug. 20-24, 2010. N=1,082 adults nationwide. Margin of error 3.

.

"Which comes closest to your view? Gay couples should be allowed to legally marry. OR, Gay couples should be allowed to form civil unions but not legally marry. OR, There should be no legal recognition of a gay couple's relationship."

.

Legal
marriage
Civil unions No legal
recognition
Unsure
% % % %

8/20-24/10

40 30 25 5

Republicans

25 34 37 4

Democrats

46 27 20 7

Independents

44 29 21 6

.

4/5-12/10 39 24 30 7

.

6/12-16/09

33 30 32 5

Republicans

13 35 48 4

Democrats

45 27 23 5

Independents

35 30 32 3

.

4/22-26/09

42 25 28 5

Republicans

18 31 49 2

Democrats

52 22 21 5

Independents

43 26 25 6

.

3/12-16/09 33 27 35 5

Republicans

6 34 59 1

Democrats

46 23 26 5

Independents

37 26 30 7

.

5/30 - 6/3/08 30 28 36 6

Republicans

14 32 50 4

Democrats

36 27 32 5

Independents

34 26 31 9

.

3/7-11/07 28 32 35 5
10/27-31/06 28 29 38 5
6/06 27 30 40 3
2/24-28/05 23 34 41 2

11/18-21/04

21 32 44 3
7/11-15/04 28 31 38 3
5/20-23/04 28 29 40 3
3/10-14/04 22 33 40 5

 

CNN/Opinion Research Corporation Poll. Aug. 6-10, 2010. N=1,009 adults nationwide.

.

"Do you think gays and lesbians have a constitutional right to get married and have their marriage recognized by law as valid?" N=513 (Form A), MoE 4.5

.

Yes No Unsure  

%

%

%

 

8/6-10/10

49

51

-

 

5/14-17/09

45

54

1

 

.

"Do you think gays and lesbians should have a constitutional right to get married and have their marriage recognized by law as valid?" N=496 (Form B), MoE 4.5

.

Yes No Unsure  

%

%

%

 

8/6-10/10

52

46

2

 


 

CNN/Opinion Research Corporation Poll. May 21-23, 2010. N=1,023 adults nationwide. MoE 3.

.

"Do you think people who are openly gay or homosexual should or should not be allowed to serve in the U.S. military?"

.

Should Should not Unsure    
% % %    

5/21-23/10

78 20 2    

12/19-21/08

81 17 1    

5/4-6/07

79 18 3    

 

CNN/Opinion Research Corporation Poll. Feb. 12-15, 2010. N=1,023 adults nationwide. MoE 3.

.

"Do you personally think that homosexual relationships between consenting adults is morally wrong, or not a moral issue?"

.

Morally
wrong
Not a moral
issue
Unsure  

%

%

%

 

2/12-15/10

48

50

2

 


 

CBS News/New York Times Poll. Feb. 5-10, 2010. Adults nationwide.

.

"Do you favor or oppose permitting homosexuals to serve in the military? ... Do you favor/oppose that strongly or not so strongly?" N=550 (Form A)

.

Favor
Strongly
Favor Not
So Strongly
Oppose
Strongly
Oppose Not
So Strongly
Unsure

%

%

%

%

%

2/5-10/10

34

25

19

10

12

1/11-15/09

46

21

11

6

16

2/9-11/93

21

21

29

13

15

.

"Do you favor or oppose permitting homosexuals to serve in the military?" If favor: "What if they openly announce their sexual orientation? In that case would you favor or oppose permitting homosexuals to serve in the military?"  N=550 (Form A). Combined responses.

.

Favor Oppose Unsure

.

%

%

%

.

2/5-10/10

44

42

14

.

.

"Do you favor or oppose permitting gay men and lesbians to serve in the military?" If favor: "What if they openly announce their sexual orientation? In that case would you favor or oppose permitting gay men and lesbians to serve in the military?"  N=534 (Form B). Combined responses.

.

Favor Oppose Unsure

.

%

%

%

.

2/5-10/10

58

28

14

.


 

ABC News/Washington Post Poll. Feb. 4-8, 2010. N=1,004 adults nationwide. MoE 3.5.

.

"Do you think gay and lesbian couples should or should not be allowed to form legally recognized civil unions, giving them the legal rights of married couples in areas such as health insurance, inheritance and pension coverage?"

.

Should Should not Unsure
% % %
2/4-8/10 66 31 3

.

"Do you yourself have a friend, family member, or acquaintance who is gay or lesbian, or not?"

.

Yes No Unsure
% % %
2/4-8/10 63 36 1
8/98 59 40 1

 

Quinnipiac University Poll. Feb. 2-8, 2010. N=2,617 registered voters nationwide. MoE 1.9.

.

"Some people say that not allowing openly gay men and women to serve in the military is discrimination. Do you agree or disagree?"

.

Agree Disagree Unsure
% % %

2/2-8/10

66 31 3

4/21-27/09

60 36 4

.

"Some people say that allowing openly gay men and women to serve in the military would be divisive for the troops and hurt their ability to fight effectively. Do you agree or disagree?"

.

Agree Disagree Unsure
% % %

2/2-8/10

30 65 5

4/21-27/09

35 58 7

.

"Do you think the military should aggressively pursue disciplinary action against gay service members whose orientation is revealed against their will by third parties, or should this practice be ended?"

.

Disciplinary
Action
End
Practice
Unsure
% % %

2/2-8/10

10 82 8

.

"Do you think gay military personnel should face any restrictions on exhibiting their sexual orientation on the job or not?"

.

Should Should Not Unsure
% % %

2/2-8/10

54 38 8

.

"Do you think the Pentagon should be responsible to provide for the domestic partners of gay personnel or not?"

.

Should Should Not Unsure
% % %

2/2-8/10

43 50 8

.

"Do you think heterosexual military personnel should be required to share quarters with gay personnel or not?"

.

Should Should Not Unsure
% % %

2/2-8/10

45 46 8

 

FOX News/Opinion Dynamics Poll. Feb. 2-3, 2010. N=900 registered voters nationwide. MoE 3.

.

"Do you favor or oppose allowing gays and lesbians to serve openly in the military?"

.

Favor Oppose Unsure
% % %
ALL 61 30 9
Democrats 82 15 3
Republicans 44 46 10
Independents 62 26 13

 

AP-National Constitution Center Poll conducted by GfK Roper Public Affairs & Media. Sept. 3-8, 2009. N=1,001 adults nationwide. MoE 3.1.

.

"Should state governments give legal recognition to marriages between couples of the same sex?"

.

Yes No Unsure Refused

%

%

%

%

9/3-8/09

46

52

2

1


 

Pew Research Center survey. Aug. 11-17, 2009. N=2,010 adults nationwide. MoE 2.5.

.

"Do you strongly favor, favor, oppose, or strongly oppose allowing gay and lesbian couples to enter into legal agreements with each other that would give them many of the same rights as married couples?"

.

Strongly
favor/Favor
Oppose/
Strongly
oppose
Unsure  

%

%

%

 

8/11-17/09

57

37

6

 

4/09

53

39

8

 

8/08

54

40

6

 

5/21-25/08

51

41

8

 

7/6-19/06

54

42

4

 

7/13-17/05

53

40

7

 

8/5-10/04

48

45

7

 

7/04

49

43

8

 

3/04

49

44

7

 

10/03

45

47

8

 


 

FOX News/Opinion Dynamics Poll. May 12-13, 2009. N=900 registered voters nationwide. MoE 3.

.

"In general, do you think straight people in your community who have traditional religious values are tolerant of gays and lesbians and their beliefs, or not? . . ."

.

Very
tolerant
Somewhat
tolerant
Somewhat
intolerant
Very
intolerant
Unsure
% % % % %
5/12-13/09 22 45 14 14 6

.

"In general, do you think gays and lesbians in your community are tolerant of straight people who have traditional religious values and their beliefs, or not? . . ."

.

Very
tolerant
Somewhat
tolerant
Somewhat
intolerant
Very
intolerant
Unsure
% % % % %
5/12-13/09 32 35 10 9 13

 

USA Today/Gallup Poll. May 7-10, 2009. N=1,015 adults nationwide. MoE 3.

.

"Just your best guess, do you think that allowing two people of the same sex to legally marry will change our society for the better, will it have no effect, or will it change our society for the worse?" Options rotated

.

Better No effect Worse Unsure

%

%

%

%

5/7-10/09

13 36 48 2

9/19-21/03

10 40 48 2

.

"Do you favor or oppose allowing openly gay men and lesbian women to serve in the military?"

.

Favor Oppose Unsure

%

%

%

5/7-10/09

69 26 6

11/19-21/04

63 32 5


 

Quinnipiac University Poll. April 21-27, 2009. N=2,041 registered voters nationwide. MoE 2.2.

.

"Would you support or oppose a law in your state that would allow civil unions for same-sex couples?"

.

Support Oppose Unsure
% % %

4/21-27/09

57 38 5

.

"Do you think same-sex couples should be allowed legally to marry, should be allowed legally to form civil unions but not marry, or should not be allowed to obtain legal recognition of their relationships?"

.

Legally
Marry
Form Civil
Unions
No Legal
Recognition
Unsure
% % % %

4/21-27/09

33 26 34 6

7/8-13/08

32 33 29 6

.

"Some people say that same-sex marriage is a threat to traditional marriage between a man and woman. Do you agree or disagree?"

.

Agree Disagree Unsure
% % %

4/21-27/09

39 58 3

.

"Some people say that not allowing same-sex couples to get married is discrimination. Do you agree or disagree?"

.

Agree Disagree Unsure
% % %

4/21-27/09

45 51 3

.

"Who do you think should decide whether same-sex couples should be allowed to get married: your state legislature or your state courts?"

.

Legislature Courts Both (vol.) Neither (vol.) Unsure
% % % % %

4/21-27/09

43 25 5 16 12

.

"Do you support or oppose allowing same-sex couples to adopt children?"

.

Support Oppose Unsure
% % %

4/21-27/09

53 40 6

.

"In your opinion, what causes someone to be gay or lesbian? Do you believe that people are born gay or lesbian, or that people become gay or lesbian because of the way they are brought up, or is it just the way that some people choose to live?"

.

Born Brought Up Choose Unsure
% % % %

4/21-27/09

42 6 36 16

.

"Do you have close friends or close relatives who are gay or lesbian?"

.

Yes No Unsure
% % %

4/21-27/09

63 34 3

.

"In general, do you think government is paying too much, too little, or about the right amount of attention to the needs of gays and lesbians?"

.

Too Much Too Little About Right Unsure
% % % %

4/21-27/09

41 22 26 11

.

"In general, do you think society is paying too much, too little, or about the right amount of attention to the needs of gays and lesbians?"

.

Too Much Too Little About Right Unsure
% % % %

4/21-27/09

49 21 22 8

.

"Some people say that ending discrimination against gay men and women is as necessary today as ending discrimination against blacks was in the 1960s. Do you agree or disagree?"

.

Agree Disagree Unsure
% % %

4/21-27/09

44 50 6

 

CNN/Opinion Research Corporation Poll. April 23-26, 2009. Adults nationwide.

.

"If a state's government does not legally recognize marriages between gays or lesbians, do you think that state should or should not allow gay and lesbian couples to form civil unions which would give them some of the legal rights of married couples?" N=1,005 (Form A), MoE 3

.

Should Should not Unsure    
% % %    

4/23-26/09

60 38 2    

.

"Do you favor or oppose the policy sometimes called 'Don't Ask, Don't Tell' in which the U.S. military does not ask new recruits whether they are gay or lesbian, but prohibits gays and lesbians from serving in the military if they reveal their sexual orientation?" N=1,014 (Form B), MoE 3

.

Favor Oppose Unsure    
% % %    

4/23-26/09

48 47 5    

.

"Do you happen to have a family member or close friend who is gay or lesbian?" N=2,019, MoE 2

.

Yes No      
% %      

4/23-26/09

49 51      

8/6-8/07

45 55      

 

ABC News/Washington Post Poll. April 21-24, 2009. N=1,072 adults nationwide. MoE 3.

.

"If a gay or lesbian couple gets legally married in another state, do you think that marriage should or should not be recognized as legal in your state?"

.

Should Should Not Unsure
% % %
4/21-24/09 53 43 4

 

CBS News Poll. March 12-16, 2009. N=1,142 adults nationwide. MoE 3.

.

"Which comes closest to your view? Gay couples should be allowed to legally marry. OR, Gay couples should be allowed to form civil unions but not legally marry. OR, There should be no legal recognition of a gay couple's relationship."

.

Legal
Marriage
Civil
Unions
No Legal
Recognition
Unsure
% % % %
3/12-16/09 33 27 35 5

Republicans

6 34 59 1

Democrats

46 23 26 5

Independents

37 26 30 7
18-45 years old 41 23 32
45-64 29 32 35
65 & older 18 27 47
Men 27 28 42
Women 38 26 30

 

CNN/Opinion Research Corporation Poll. Dec. 19-21, 2008. N=1,013 adults nationwide. MoE 3.

.

"Do you think marriages between gay and lesbian couples should or should not be recognized by the law as valid, with the same rights as traditional marriages?"

.

Should Should Not Unsure    
% % %    

12/19-21/08

44 55 1    

.

"Do you think marriages between gay and lesbian couples should or should not be recognized by the law as valid, with the same rights as traditional marriages?" If yes: "Do you think gays and lesbians do or do not have a constitutional right to get married and have their marriage recognized by law as valid?"

.

Valid --
Constitutional
Right
Valid -- No
Constitutional
Right
Should Not Be
Recognized
As Valid
Unsure  
% % % %  

12/19-21/08

39 5 55 1  

 

Newsweek Poll conducted by Princeton Survey Research Associates International. Dec. 3-4, 2008. N=1,006 adults nationwide. MoE 3.7.

.

"Now I have a few questions about the situation for gay men and women in this country and the issue of gay rights. Do you think there should or should NOT be [see below]?"

.

Should Should Not Unsure
% % %

.

"Legally-sanctioned gay and lesbian unions or partnerships"

12/3-4/08

55 36 9

.

"Legally-sanctioned gay and lesbian marriages"

12/3-4/08

39 55 6

.

"Adoption rights for gays and lesbians so they can legally adopt children"

12/3-4/08

53 39 8

.

"Inheritance rights for gay and lesbian domestic partners"

12/3-4/08

74 20 6

.

"Social Security benefits for gay and lesbian domestic partners"

12/3-4/08

67 27 6

.

"Health insurance and other employee benefits for gay and lesbian domestic partners"

12/3-4/08

73 23 4

.

"Hospital visitation rights for gay and lesbian domestic partners"

12/3-4/08

86 10 4

.

"Gays and lesbians serving openly in the military"

12/3-4/08

66 29 5

.

"Equal rights for gays and lesbians in terms of job opportunities"

12/3-4/08

87 10 3

.

"Equal rights for gays and lesbians in terms of housing"

12/3-4/08

82 13 5

.

"Thinking again about legal rights for gay and lesbian couples, which of the following comes CLOSEST to your position on this issue? Do you support FULL marriage rights for same-sex couples, OR support civil unions or partnerships for same-sex couples, BUT NOT full marriage rights, OR do you oppose ANY legal recognition for same-sex couples?"

.

Marriage
Rights
Civil Unions/
Partnerships
No Legal
Recognition
Unsure
% % % %

12/3-4/08

31 32 30 7

.

(If support full marriage rights on preceding question: "Even though you told me you favor full marriage rights for same-sex couples, I need to ask everyone the following question. . . .")
"Would you favor or oppose an amendment to the U.S. constitution that would BAN gay marriage IN ALL STATES?"

.

Favor Oppose Unsure
% % %

12/3-4/08

43 52 5

.

"Gay marriage can also be an issue at the state level. Suppose YOUR STATE held an election where you could vote for or against an amendment to the state constitution that would ban gay marriage. Would you be more likely to vote 'yes' in favor of OR 'no' against a ban on gay marriage in your state?"

.

Yes, Favor
Ban
No, Against
Ban
Unsure
% % %

12/3-4/08

45 49 6

.

"Now thinking about marriage more generally: Some people think of marriage mostly as a legal matter and others think of it mostly as a religious matter. Do you personally think of marriage mostly as a legal matter, or mostly as a religious matter?"

.

Mostly
Legal
Mostly
Religious
Both Equally
(vol.)
Unsure
% % % %

12/3-4/08

30 41 25 4

.

"How much, if at all, do your religious beliefs determine your views on the issue of gay marriage? Are your religious beliefs very important, somewhat important, not too important, or not at all important in determining your views on gay marriage?"

.

Very
Important
Somewhat
Important
Not Too
Important
Not at All
Important
Unsure
% % % % %

12/3-4/08

41 21 11 23 4

.

"Suppose a gay or lesbian couple are legally married and have a child through assisted reproductive technology. If the couple gets divorced, how do you think the law should deal with disputes over child custody? Should the gay partner who is NOT the child's biological parent have custody rights, such as visitation and a role in making decisions about the child's upbringing, or not?"

.

Should Have
Rights
Should Not
Have Rights
Unsure
% % %

12/3-4/08

63 19 18

 

Time Poll conducted by Abt SRBI. July 31-Aug. 4, 2008. N=808 likely voters nationwide. MoE 3.

.

"Should gay and lesbian couples be allowed to marry, giving them full legal rights of married couples, or not?"

.

Should Should Not No Answer/
Unsure
% % %

7/31 - 8/4/08

47 47 7

6/18-25/08

42 51 7

.

"Do you favor or oppose an amendment to the U.S. Constitution that would ban same-sex couples from getting married?"

.

Favor Oppose No Answer/
Unsure
% % %

7/31 - 8/4/08

35 58 7

6/18-25/08

36 58 6

.

"What if a presidential candidate took a position on gay marriage that was different from your own? Would you still consider voting for him because of his position on other issues, or would you not vote for him under any circumstances?"

.

Still Consider Not Vote For No Answer/
Unsure
% % %

7/31 - 8/4/08

72 22 6

6/18-25/08

72 22 6

 

Quinnipiac University Poll. July 8-13, 2008. N=1,783 registered voters nationwide. Margin of error 2.3.

.

"Do you think states should give legal recognition to same-sex marriages performed in other states or not?"

.

Should Should Not Unsure
% % %

7/8-13/08

44 50 6

.

"Would you support or oppose a law in your state that would ban same-sex marriage?"

.

Support Oppose Unsure
% % %

7/8-13/08

45 49 6

.

"Would you support or oppose amending the United States Constitution to ban same-sex marriage?"

.

Support Oppose Unsure
% % %

7/8-13/08

38 56 6

11/13-19/06

43 53 4
12/7-12/04 43 53 4
7/18-22/04 39 55 6
3/16-22/04 41 51 8

 

Newsweek Poll conducted by Princeton Survey Research Associates International. June 18-19, 2008. N=896 registered voters nationwide. MoE 4.

.

"There has been much talk recently about whether states should give gay and lesbian couples the legal right to marry. Which of the following comes CLOSEST to your position on this issue? Do you support FULL marriage rights for same-sex couples, OR support civil unions or partnerships for same-sex couples, BUT NOT full marriage rights, OR do you oppose ANY legal recognition for same-sex couples?"

.

Full Marriage
Rights
Civil Unions/
Partnerships
No Legal
Recognition
Unsure  
% % % %  
ALL reg. voters 30 27 37 6  
Republicans 12 28 55 5  
Democrats 42 23 28 7  
Independents 30 33 32 5  

 

Gallup Poll. May 8-11, 2008. N=1,017 adults nationwide. MoE 3.

.

"As you may know, there has been considerable discussion in the news regarding the rights of homosexual men and women. In general, do you think homosexuals should or should not have equal rights in terms of job opportunities?"

.

Should Should Not Depends (vol.) Unsure

%

%

%

%

5/8-11/08

89

8

1

1

5/10-13/07

89

8

1

2

5/8-11/06

89

9

1

1

6/17-20/77

56

33

-

11

.

"Do you feel that homosexuality should be considered an acceptable alternative lifestyle or not?"

.

Acceptable Not
Acceptable
Unsure

%

%

%

5/8-11/08

57 40 3

9/7-8/07

48 46 6

5/10-13/07

57 39 3

5/8-11/06

54 41 4

5/2-5/05

51 45 4

5/2-4/04

54 42 4

6/25-28/82

34 51 15

.

"Would you favor or oppose a constitutional amendment that would define marriage as being between a man and a woman, thus barring marriages between gay or lesbian couples?" N=504, MoE 5 (Form B)

.

Favor Oppose Unsure

%

%

%

5/8-11/08

49 48 3

5/8-11/06 50 47 3

4/29 - 5/1/05 53 44 3

3/18-20/05 57 37 6

7/19-21/04 48 46 6

5/2-4/04 51 45 4

3/5-7/04 50 45 5

2/9-12/04 53 44 3

2/6-8/04 47 47 6

7/03 50 45 5

.

"Thinking about how the gay marriage issue might affect your vote for major offices, would you only vote for a candidate who shares your views on gay marriage, consider a candidate's position on gay marriage as just one of many important factors when voting, or would you not see gay marriage as a major issue?" Options rotated

.

Must Share
Views
One of Many
Factors
Not a
Major Issue
Unsure

%

%

%

%

5/8-11/08

16

49

33

2

5/2-4/04

16

46

35

3


 

ABC News/Facebook poll. Dec. 16-19, 2007. N=1,142 adults nationwide. MoE 3.

.

"Do you think homosexual couples should or should not be allowed to form legally recognized civil unions, giving them the legal rights of married couples in areas such as health insurance, inheritance and pension coverage?"

.

Should Should Not Unsure
% % %

12/16-19/07

54 43 4
5/31 - 6/4/06 45 48 7
3/4-7/04 51 46 3
2/18-22/04 45 48 7
1/15-18/04 46 51 4
9/03 40 51 9

 

Los Angeles Times/Bloomberg Poll. Oct. 19-22, 2007. N=1,039 registered voters nationwide. MoE 3.

.

"Which of the following statements comes closest to your view? Same-sex couples should be allowed to legally marry. OR, Same-sex couples should be allowed to legally form civil unions, but not marry. OR, Same -sex couples should not be allowed to either marry or form civil unions."

.

Marry Form
Civil Unions
Neither Unsure  
% % % %  

10/19-22/07

30 26 38 6  

 

CNN/Opinion Research Corporation Poll. Oct. 12-14, 2007. N=1,212 adults nationwide. MoE 3.

.

"Do you think marriages between homosexuals should or should not be recognized by the law as valid, with the same rights as traditional marriages?"

.

Should Should Not Unsure    
% % %    

10/12-14/07

40 56 3    

8/6-8/07

40 57 3    

 

USA Today/Gallup Poll. Sept. 7-8, 2007. N=1,028 adults nationwide. MoE 3.

.

"Do you think that homosexual couples should be legally permitted to adopt children?"

.

Yes No Unsure
% % %

9/7-8/07

46 50 4

 

CNN/Opinion Research Corporation Poll. Aug. 6-8, 2007. N=1,029 adults nationwide. MoE 3.

.

"Do you favor or oppose the plan in which the U.S. military does not ask new recruits whether they are homosexual, but would still prohibit homosexuals from serving if they reveal their sexual orientation?"

.

Favor Oppose Unsure    
% % %    

8/6-8/07

38 57 6    

 

Gallup Poll. May 10-13, 2007. N=1,003 adults nationwide. MoE 3.

.

"Now, thinking about what have been called 'hate crimes' -- those crimes committed because the criminal hates the group of people to which the victim belongs. As you may know, federal law currently allows prosecution of hate crimes committed on the basis of the victim's race, color, religion or national origin. Do you favor or oppose these laws?"

.

Favor Oppose Unsure

%

%

%

5/10-13/07

78

18

4

.

"There is a proposal to expand federal hate crime laws to include crimes committed on the basis of the victim's gender, sexual orientation or gender identity. Would you favor or oppose expanding the federal hate crime laws in this way?"

.

Favor Oppose Unsure

%

%

%

5/10-13/07

68

27

5


 

CNN/Opinion Research Corporation Poll. May 4-6, 2007. N=1,028 adults nationwide. MoE 3.

.

"Which of the following arrangements between gay or lesbian couples do you think should be recognized as legally valid: same-sex marriages, civil unions but not same-sex marriages, or neither same-sex marriages nor civil unions?"

.

Same-Sex
Marriages
Civil Unions Neither Unsure  
% % % %  

5/4-6/07

24 27 43 6  

10/27-29/06

24 26 45 5  

.

"Do you think people who are openly gay or homosexual should or should not be allowed to serve in the U.S. military?"

.

Should Should Not Unsure    
% % %    

5/4-6/07

79 18 3    

.

"Do you think gay or lesbian couples should or should not have the legal right to adopt a child?"

.

Should Should Not Unsure    
% % %    

5/4-6/07

57 40 3    

 

Newsweek Poll conducted by Princeton Survey Research Associates International. March 14-15, 2007. N=1,001 adults nationwide. MoE 3.

.

"Do you think gays and lesbians should or should NOT be able to serve openly in the military?"

.

Should Should Not Unsure

.

.

% % %

.

.

3/14-15/07

63 28 9

.

.

.

"There has been much talk recently about whether gays and lesbians should have the legal right to marry someone of the same sex. Which of the following comes closest to your position on this issue? Do you support FULL marriage rights for same-sex couples, support civil unions or partnerships for same-sex couples BUT NOT full marriage rights, or do you oppose ANY legal recognition for same-sex couples?"

.

Marriage
Rights
Civil Unions No Legal
Recognition
Unsure

.

% % % %

.

3/14-15/07

26 24 44 6

.

.

"We're interested in whether certain information about a presidential candidate would cause you to vote against the candidate, regardless of other factors. What if you found out that the candidate was a strong supporter of full marriage rights for same-sex couples? Would that ALONE cause you to vote against the candidate?"

.

Yes No Unsure

.

% % %

.

3/14-15/07

38 59 3

.


 

Associated Press/AOL poll conducted by Ipsos Public Affairs. Jan. 16-18, 2007. N=1,005 adults nationwide. MoE 3.1.

.

"Would you favor or oppose a law that would ban gay marriage, requiring that marriage should be between a man and a woman?"

.

Favor Oppose Unsure

%

%

%

1/16-18/07

51

45

4


 

Quinnipiac University Poll. Nov. 13-19, 2006. N=1,623 registered voters nationwide. MoE 2.4.

.

"Would you support or oppose amending the United States Constitution to ban same-sex marriage?"

.

Support Oppose Unsure
% % %

11/13-19/06

43 53 4
12/7-12/04 43 53 4
7/18-22/04 39 55 6
3/16-22/04 41 51 8

.

"The New Jersey Supreme Court recently ruled that homosexual couples are entitled to the same rights as heterosexual ones and that state legislators must rewrite New Jersey laws to make this happen. If you had to choose in your state, which would you prefer: allowing same-sex couples to form civil unions or allowing same-sex couples to get married?"

.

Civil
Unions
Marriage Neither
(vol.)
Unsure
% % % %

11/13-19/06

44 24 27 5

 

Newsweek Poll conducted by Princeton Survey Research Associates International. Oct. 26-27, 2006. N=1,002 adults nationwide. MoE 3.

.

"There has been much talk recently about whether gays and lesbians should have the legal right to marry someone of the same sex. Which of the following comes closest to your position on this issue? Do you support FULL marriage rights for gay and lesbian couples; do you support gay civil unions or partnerships, BUT NOT gay marriage; or, do you oppose ANY legal recognition for gay and lesbian couples?"

.

Full Marriage
Rights
Civil Unions/
Partnerships
No Legal
Recognition
Unsure  
% % % %  
ALL adults 24 26 40 10  
  Republicans 9 27 58 6  
  Democrats 34 23 33 10  
  Independents 24 32 33 11  
Trend:
5/13-14/04 28 23 43 6  
2/19-20/04 23 24 45 8  

 

Pew Research Center for the People & the Press and Pew Forum on Religion & Public Life survey conducted by Schulman, Ronca & Bucuvalas (SRBI). July 6-19, 2006. Adults nationwide. (June 2006 and earlier conducted by Princeton Survey Research Associates International.)

.

"Do you strongly favor, favor, oppose, or strongly oppose allowing gays and lesbians to marry legally?" N=2,003, MoE 2.5

.

Favor Oppose Unsure    
% % %    

7/6-19/06

35 56 9    
6/14-19/06 33 55 12    
3/06 39 51 10    
7/13-17/05 36 53 11    
12/1-16/04 32 61 7    
8/5-10/04 29 60 11    
7/04 32 56 12    
3/04 32 59 9    
2/04 30 63 7    
11/03 30 62 8    
10/03 30 58 12    

.

"And do you strongly favor, favor, oppose, or strongly oppose allowing gays and lesbians to adopt children?" N=996, MoE 3.5 (Form 1)

.

Favor Oppose Unsure    
% % %    

7/6-19/06

42 52 6    

.

"Do you think the question of whether gay marriage should be legal is something that should be decided at the national level, or is it something that each state should decide for itself?" N=996, MoE 3.5 (Form 1)

.

National
Level
Each State Unsure    
% % %    

7/6-19/06

48 46 6    

 

FOX News/Opinion Dynamics Poll. June 13-14, 2006. N=900 registered voters nationwide. MoE 3.

.

"Do you believe gays and lesbians should be allowed to get legally married, allowed a legal partnership similar to but not called marriage, or should there be no legal recognition given to gay and lesbian relationships?"

.

Legally
Married
Legal
Partnership
No Legal
Recognition
Unsure  
% % % %  
6/13-14/06 27 25 39 8  
5/04 25 26 40 9  
3/04 20 33 40 7  

.

"Do you think the issue of whether gays and lesbians can legally marry should be decided at the state or federal level?"

.

State Federal Unsure    
% % %    
6/13-14/06 48 38 13    

 

NBC News/Wall Street Journal Poll conducted by the polling organizations of Peter Hart (D) and Bill McInturff (R). June 9-12, 2006. N=1,002 adults nationwide. Results below are among registered voters.

.

"I'm going to read you some positions that someone running for Congress could take. For each one, please tell me whether you would be more likely to vote for a candidate for Congress who takes this position, less likely to vote for this candidate, or would it not make a difference to you either way? . . ."

.

More Likely Less Likely No Difference Unsure  
% % % %  

"Favors adding an amendment to the Constitution that bans gay marriages"

    6/9-12/06 37 39 22 2  

 

ABC News Poll. May 31-June 4, 2006. N=1,001 adults nationwide. MoE 3.

.

"Would you support amending the U.S. Constitution to make it against the law for homosexual couples to get married anywhere in the U.S., or should each state make its own laws on homosexual marriage?" Options rotated

.

Amend
Constitution
State Laws Unsure
% % %
5/31 - 6/4/06 42 51 7

.

"If you agreed with a candidate for U.S. Congress on other issues, but not on the issue of same-sex marriage, could you still vote for him, or not?"

.

Could Could Not Unsure
% % %
5/31 - 6/4/06 50 41 9

 

Gallup Poll. May 8-11, 2006. N=515 adults nationwide. MoE 5.

.

"Do you think marriages between homosexuals should or should not be recognized by the law as valid, with the same rights as traditional marriages?"

.

Should
Be Valid
Should
Not Be
Unsure
% % %
5/8-11/06 39 58 4
8/22-25/05 37 59 4
4/29 - 5/1/05 39 56 5
3/18-20/05 28 68 4
7/19-21/04 32 62 6
3/5-7/04 33 61 6
2/16-17/04 32 64 4
2/6-8/04 36 59 5
12/03 31 65 4
10/03 35 61 4
6/03 39 55 6
1/00 34 62 4
2/99 35 62 3
3/96 27 68 5

 

FOX News/Opinion Dynamics Poll. April 4-5, 2006. N=900 registered voters nationwide. MoE 3.

.

"Do you favor or oppose allowing gays and lesbians to marry legally?"

.

Favor Oppose Unsure
% % %
ALL 33 55 11
Democrats 45 43 11
Republicans 16 77 7
Independents 38 47 15

 

Pew Research Center for the People & the Press survey conducted by Princeton Survey Research Associates International. March 8-12, 2006. Adults nationwide. MoE 3.

.

"As I list some programs and proposals that are being discussed in this country today, please tell me whether you strongly favor, favor, oppose, or strongly oppose each. . . ."

.

Strongly
Favor
Favor Oppose Strongly
Oppose
Unsure
% % % % %

.

"Allowing gays and lesbians to serve openly in the military" N=695, MoE 4 (Form 2)

   3/8-12/06

20 40 19 13 8

.

"Allowing gays and lesbians to adopt children" N=1,405, MoE 3

   3/8-12/06

14 32 22 26 6

.

"Allowing gays and lesbians to marry legally" N=710, MoE 4 (Form 1)

   3/8-12/06

10 29 23 28 10

 

ABC News/Washington Post Poll. June 2-5, 2005. N=1,002 adults nationwide. MoE 3.

.

"Who do you trust more to deal with the issue of gay marriage: your state legislature or your state courts?" Options rotated

.

State
Legislature
State
Courts
Both Equally
(vol.)
Neither
(vol.)
Unsure
% % % % %
6/2-5/05 45 40 1 11 3

 

Boston Globe Poll conducted by University of New Hampshire Survey Center. May 4-9, 2005. N=760 adults nationwide. MoE 3.6.

.

"As you may know, Massachusetts is the only state that has legalized gay marriage. If a gay or lesbian couple gets married in Massachusetts, should their marriage be recognized as legal in all 50 states?"

.

Yes No Unsure  
% % %  

ALL

46 50 4  

  Democrats

63 33 4  

  Independents

46 49 5  

  Republicans

27 69 4  

.

"Overall, do you approve or disapprove of gay and lesbian couples being allowed to get married?"

.

Approve Neutral
(vol.)
Disap-
prove
Unsure
% % % %

ALL

37 11 50 2

  Democrats

53 12 31 3

  Independents

34 15 49 2

  Republicans

21 9 70 0

.

"Would you favor or oppose an amendment to the U.S. Constitution that would define marriage as being between a man and a woman, thus prohibiting marriages between gay or lesbian couples?"

.

Favor Neutral
(vol.)
Oppose Unsure
% % % %

ALL

45 5 47 5

  Democrats

31 4 62 3

  Independents

41 7 48 4

  Republicans

64 3 30 3

.

"Would you favor or oppose legislation in YOUR state that would prohibit marriages between gay or lesbian couples?"

.

Favor Neutral
(vol.)
Oppose Unsure
% % % %

ALL

46 7 46 2

  Democrats

26 7 64 4

  Independents

47 13 41 0

  Republicans

67 6 26 0

.

"What about civil unions between gay or lesbian couples that would give them some, but not all, of the legal rights of married couples? Should same-sex couples be allowed to form civil unions but not legally marry in your state?"

.

Yes Neutral
(vol.)
No Unsure
% % % %

ALL

46 7 41 7

  Democrats

49 7 37 8

  Independents

42 14 39 5

  Republicans

46 4 43 6

.

"As you may know, Massachusetts is the only state that has legalized gay marriage. Do you think in the future that all states will legalize gay marriage, that some additional states will legalize gay marriage, or that no additional states will legalize gay marriage?"

.

All Will Some
More  Will
No
More  Will
Unsure
% % % %

ALL

12 64 17 8

  Democrats

13 68 13 6

  Independents

15 59 15 11

  Republicans

8 63 22 7

 

ABC News/Washington Post Poll. April 21-24, 2005. N=1,082 adults nationwide. MoE 3.

.

"Do you think same-sex couples should be allowed legally to marry, should be allowed legally to form civil unions but not to marry, or should not be allowed to obtain legal recognition of their relationships?"

.

Marriage Civil
Unions
No Legal
Recognition
Unsure
% % % %

4/21-24/05

27 29 40 4

 

CNN/USA Today/Gallup Poll. March 18-20, 2005. Adults nationwide.

.

"Which of the following arrangements between gay or lesbian couples do you think should be recognized as legally valid: same-sex marriages, civil unions but not same-sex marriages, or neither same-sex marriages nor civil unions?" N=466, MoE 5 (Form B)

.

Same-sex
Marriages
Civil Unions Neither Unsure
% % % %
3/18-20/05 20 27 45 8
11/19-21/04 21 32 43 4

 

CBS News/New York Times Poll. Feb. 24-28, 2005. Adults nationwide.

.

"Which comes closest to your view? Same-sex couples should be allowed to legally marry. OR, Same-sex couples should be allowed to form civil unions but not legally marry. OR, There should be no legal recognition of a same-sex couple's relationship." Form B (N=552 adults)

.

Legal
Marriage
Civil
Unions
No Legal
Recognition
Unsure
% % % %

2/24-28/05

25 28 42 5

 

Los Angeles Times Poll. Jan. 15-17, 2005. N=1,033 adults nationwide. MoE 3.

.

"As you may know, another issue that is on Bush's agenda is to reform medical liability awards. The President would like to put a $250,000 cap on jury awards for pain and suffering. The Bush Administration contends that excessive damage awards have become a burden for businesses and a drag on the nation's economy. They argue that the cost of frivolous lawsuits make it prohibitively expensive for small businesses to stay in business or for doctors to practice medicine. Opponents say the White House is exaggerating the extent of the problem of excessive damage awards, and say that caps on damages ultimately do not reduce premiums for doctors. They acknowledge the high cost of malpractice insurance, but blame it on lax regulation of the insurance industry. Do you approve or disapprove of capping damages awarded by juries to $250,000 for pain and suffering?" Options rotated

.

Approve Disapprove Unsure    
% % %    

1/15-17/05

50 42 8    

 

 

 

Associated Press-Ipsos poll conducted by Ipsos-Public Affairs. Nov. 19-21, 2004. N=1,000 adults nationwide. MoE 3.

.

"Do you strongly favor, favor, oppose, or strongly oppose allowing gays and lesbians to marry legally?"

.

Strongly
Favor

Favor

Oppose

Strongly
Oppose

Unsure

%

%

%

%

%

11/19-21/04 14 21 25 36 4

 

CBS News/New York Times Poll. Nov. 18-21, 2004. N=885 adults nationwide. MoE 3.

.

"Is it possible that you would ever vote for a candidate who does not share your views on the issue of gay marriage, or is the subject so important to you that you could not vote for a candidate who disagrees with you?"

.

Yes,
Possible
No,
Could Not
Depends
(vol.)
Unsure
% % % %

11/18-21/04

57 33 5 5

.

"Do you think defining marriage as a union only between a man and a woman is an important enough issue to be worth changing the Constitution for, or isn't it that kind of issue?"

.

Important
Enough
Not That
Kind of
Issue
Unsure
% % %

11/18-21/04

40 56 4

3/10-14/04

38 56 6

 

University of Pennsylvania National Annenberg Election Survey. June 16-30, 2004. N=1,641 adults nationwide. MoE 2. Interviewing conducted by Schulman, Ronca, Bucuvalas, Inc.

.

"Would you favor or oppose an amendment to the U.S. Constitution saying that no state can allow two men to marry each other or two women to marry each other?"

.

Favor

Oppose

 

%

%

6/16-30/04 43 48
5/2-16/04 42 50
2/14-23/04 41 48

 

NBC News/Wall Street Journal Poll conducted by the polling organizations of Peter Hart (D) and Robert Teeter (R). June 25-28, 2004. N=1,025 registered voters nationwide. MoE 3.

.

"Would you favor or would you oppose an amendment to the United States Constitution that defines marriage as a union only between a man and a woman and makes same-sex marriages unconstitutional?"

.

Favor
Amendment
Oppose
Amendment
Depends
(vol.)
Unsure  
% % % %  
6/25-28/04 51 44 2 3  
5/1-3/04 50 44 2 4  

 

CBS News Poll. May 20-23, 2004. Nationwide:

.

"Which comes closest to your view? Gay couples should be allowed to legally marry. OR, Gay couples should be allowed to form civil unions but not legally marry. OR There should be no legal recognition of a gay couple's relationship." N=1,113 adults, MoE 3

.

Legal
Marriage
Civil
Unions
No Legal
Recognition
% % %
ALL 28 29 40
  Republicans 13 33 53
  Democrats 32 28 36
  Independents 37 27 33
  18-29 years 43 32 25
  30-44 29 25 44
  45-64 26 29 41
  65 & older 12 32 51
  Northeast 35 31 33
  Midwest 26 23 47
  South 23 26 48
  West 31 36 28

.

"Would you favor or oppose an amendment to the U.S. Constitution that would allow marriage ONLY between a man and a woman?" N=1,113 adults, MoE 3

.

Favor Oppose Don't
Know
% % %
ALL 60 37 3
  Republicans 78 20 2
  Democrats 57 39 4
  Independents 47 49 4

.

Trend:
3/10-14/04 59 35 6
2/24-27/04 59 35 6
12/03 55 40 5

.

"Is it possible that you would ever vote for a candidate who does not share your views on the issue of gay marriage, or is the subject so important to you that you could not vote for a candidate who disagrees with you?" N=923 registered voters, MoE 3

.

Yes,
Would
No, Would
Not
Depends
(vol.)
Don't
Know
% % % %
ALL 56 35 5 4
  Republicans 46 44 7 3
  Democrats 57 34 3 6
  Independents 64 27 5 4

.

Trend:
3/10-14/04 45 44 3 8
2/24-27/04 52 40 4 4

.

"Do you think the issue of gay marriage should be part of this year's election campaign, or not?" N=923 registered voters, MoE 3

.

Should Be Should
Not Be
Don't
Know
% % %
5/20-23/04 29 70 1

 

University of Pennsylvania National Annenberg Election Survey. May 2-16, 2004. Nationwide. Interviewing conducted by Schulman, Ronca, Bucuvalas, Inc.

.

"Would you favor or oppose a law in your state that would allow two men to marry each other or two women to marry each other?" N=1,181 adults, MoE 3

.

Favor

Oppose

 

%

%

ALL 30 61
18-29 years old 42 50
30-44 32 60
45-64 30 58
65 & older 12 81
Republicans 18 74
Democrats 33 54
Independents 36 58

 

CBS News/New York Times Poll. March 10-14, 2004. N=1,206 adults nationwide. MoE 3.

.

"Do you think laws regarding marriages and civil unions between gay people should be determined by the federal government or by each state government?"

.

Federal State Neither
(vol.)
Don't
Know
% % % %
ALL 43 44 6 7
Republicans 55 34 4 7
Democrats 39 47 6 8
Independents 37 49 6 8

 

CNN/USA Today/Gallup Poll. March 5-7, 2004. N=1,005 adults nationwide. MoE 3.

.

"Would you favor or oppose a law that would allow homosexual couples to legally form civil unions, giving them some of the legal rights of married couples?"

Favor Oppose No
Opinion
% % %
3/5-7/04 54 42 4
7/03 40 57 3
5/03 49 49 2
5/02 46 51 3
4/02 45 46 9
2/02 41 53 6
5/01 44 52 4

 

ABC News/Washington Post Poll. March 4-7, 2004. N=1,202 adults nationwide.

.

"Would you support amending the U.S. Constitution to make it illegal for homosexual couples to get married anywhere in the U.S., or should each state make its own laws on homosexual marriage?" Options rotated. Asked of half the sample.

.

Amend
Constitution
State
Laws
Unsure
% % %
3/4-7/04 43 54 3
2/18-22/04 46 45 9
1/15-18/04 38 58 3

 

CBS News Poll. Feb. 24-27, 2004. Nationwide.

.

"Would you favor or oppose a law that would allow homosexual couples to marry, giving them the same legal rights as other married couples?" N=1,545 adults, MoE 3

Favor Oppose Unsure
% % %
2/04 30 62 8
12/03 34 61 5
7/03 40 55 5

.

"Would you favor or oppose an amendment to the U.S. Constitution that would allow marriage only between a man and a woman, and outlaw marriages between people of the same sex?" Form B (N=767 adults)

Favor Oppose Unsure
% % %
2/04 51 42 7

 

University of Pennsylvania National Annenberg Election Survey. Feb. 14-23, 2004. N=1,943 adults nationwide. MoE 2.

.

"Would you favor or oppose a law in your state that would allow gays and lesbians to marry a partner of the same sex?" Favor/Oppose rotated

Favor

Oppose

 

%

%

ALL 30 64
18-29 years old 41 52
30-44 35 61
45-64 28 66
65 & older 12 81
Republicans 12 83
Democrats 40 55
Independents 35 59

 

ABC News/Washington Post Poll. Feb. 18-22, 2004. N=1,028 adults nationwide. MoE 3.

.

"Do you think it should be legal or illegal for homosexual couples to get married?"

Legal Illegal No Opinion
% % %
ALL 39 55 6
Republicans 24 73 3
Democrats 47 48 5
Independents 44 48 8

.

"Would you support amending the U.S. Constitution to make it illegal for homosexual couples to get married anywhere in the U.S., or should each state make its own laws on homosexual marriage?" Options rotated

Amend
Constitution
State Laws No Opinion
% % %
ALL 46 45 9
Republicans 58 36 6
Democrats 44 48 8
Independents 35 56 9

.

"Say a homosexual couple is legally married in one state, then moves to another state. Should that other state be required to recognize that marriage as legal, or not?"

Should Should Not No Opinion
% % %
2/18-22/04 41 54 5

 

CNN/USA Today/Gallup Poll. Feb. 16-17, 2004. N=1,006 adults nationwide. MoE 3.

.

"Do you think the laws regarding marriages between homosexuals should be determined by the federal government, or by individual state governments?" Options rotated

Federal State Unsure
% % %
2/16-17/04 48 46 6

 

Time/CNN Poll conducted by Harris Interactive. Feb. 5-6, 2004. N=1,000 adults nationwide. MoE 3.1.

.

"Do you think marriages between homosexual men or between homosexual women should be recognized as legal by the law, or not?"

Yes No Unsure
% % %
ALL 30 62 8
Republicans 20 75 5
Independents 30 63 7
Democrats 38 52 10
Trend:

.

11/03 32 62 6
7/03 33 60 7
10/98 29 64 7
9/96 26 65 9
6/94 31 64 5

.

"Do you favor or oppose an amendment to the U.S. Constitution that legally defines marriage as a union between a man and woman only, and would prevent states from legally recognizing marriages between homosexual men or between homosexual women?"

Favor Oppose Unsure
% % %
ALL 47 46 7
Republicans 57 38 5
Independents 49 44 7
Democrats 38 53 9

 

ABC News/Washington Post Poll. Jan. 15-18, 2004. N=1,036 adults nationwide. MoE 3.

.

"Do you think it should or should not be a role of the federal government to promote and encourage traditional marriage between a man and a woman?"

Should Should Not Unsure
% % %
1/04 43 56 1

 

National Public Radio Poll conducted by Public Opinion Strategies (R) and Greenberg Quinlan Rosner Research (D). Dec. 10-15, 2003. N=1,002 likely voters nationwide. MoE 3.1.

.

"Thinking now about gay marriage, that is, allowing a couple who are gay or lesbian to marry one another legally, do you favor or oppose gay marriage?"

Favor Oppose Unsure
% % %
12/03 30 56 13

.

"Do you favor or oppose a law that would allow homosexual couples to legally form civil unions, giving them some of the legal rights of married couples?" Form A (N=501)

Favor Oppose Unsure
% % %
12/03 42 49 8

.

"Do you favor or oppose a law that would allow homosexual couples to legally form civil unions, giving them the legal rights of married couples in areas such as health insurance, inheritance, pension coverage and hospital visiting privileges?" Form B (N=501)

Favor Oppose Unsure
% % %
12/03 45 45 10

 

CBS News/New York Times Poll. Dec. 10-13, 2003. N=1,057 adults nationwide. MoE 3.

.

"Do you think homosexual relations between consenting adults should or should not be legal?"

Should Should
Not
Unsure
% % %
12/03 41 49 10
7/03 54 39 7

.

"Would you favor or oppose a law that would allow homosexual couples to legally form civil unions, giving them some of the legal rights of married couples?"

Favor Oppose Unsure
% % %
12/03 39 54 7
11/03 39 53 8

 

FOX News/Opinion Dynamics Poll. Nov. 18-19, 2003. N=900 registered voters nationwide. MoE 3.

.

"Do you support or oppose allowing homosexual couples to form civil unions that are not marriages, but would give gay couples rights such as inheritance, insurance and hospital visiting privileges?"

Support Oppose Unsure
% % %
11/03 41 48 11
9/03 46 44 10

.

"Today / Yesterday, the Massachusetts Supreme Judicial Court ruled in favor of gay marriage in that state. Do you favor or oppose same-sex marriage?"

Favor Oppose Unsure
% % %
11/03 25 66 9

 

Time/CNN Poll conducted by Harris Interactive. Nov. 18-19, 2003. N=1,507 adults nationwide. MoE 2.5.

.

"If the courts in your state ruled that your state's government must legally recognize gay marriages, would you favor or oppose amending your state's constitution to legally define marriage as a union between a man and a woman only?"

Favor Oppose Not Sure
% % %
ALL 53 40 7
Republicans 62 33 5
Independents 50 41 9
Democrats 49 46 5

 

Los Angeles Times Poll. Nov. 15-18, 2003. N=1,345 adults nationwide. MoE 3.

.

"Would you support or oppose allowing same-sex couples to form civil unions that are not marriages, but would give similar legal protection in areas such as inheritance, taxes, health insurance and hospital visits, or haven't you heard enough about it yet to say?"

Support Oppose Haven't
Heard
Enough/
Don't Know
% % %
ALL 36 40 24
Democrats 42 36 22
Independents 36 37 27
Republicans 21 64 15

.

"Do you support or oppose allowing same-sex couples to marry, or haven't you heard enough about it yet to say?"

Support Oppose Haven't
Heard
Enough/
Don't Know
% % %
ALL 31 55 14
Democrats 34 54 12
Independents 30 54 16
Republicans 19 72 9

 

CBS News Poll. Nov. 10-13, 2003. N=1,177 adults nationwide. MoE 3.

.

"Would you favor or oppose a law that would allow homosexual couples to legally form civil unions, giving them some of the legal rights of married couples?"

.

Favor Oppose Unsure    
% % %    
ALL 39 53 8    
Republicans 23 71 6    
Democrats 45 45 10    
Independents 46 46 8    

 

CNN/USA Today/Gallup Poll. Sept. 19-21, 2003. N=1,003 adults nationwide. MoE 3.

.

"Do you think gay or lesbian couples should or should not be allowed all the same legal rights as married couples in every state, or does it not matter to you?" Options rotated

.

Should Should
Not
Doesn't
Matter
No
Opinion
% % % %
9/03 32 35 32 1

 

Associated Press Poll conducted by ICR. Aug. 8-12, 2003. N=1,028 adults nationwide. MoE 3.

.

"Would you favor or oppose allowing gays and lesbians to form a civil union that would give a same-sex couple the same rights and benefits as a married couple?"

Favor Oppose Unsure  
% % %  
8/03 41 53 6  

.

"If a presidential candidate favored allowing gays and lesbians to form a civil union that would give them the same rights and benefits as a married couple, would that make you more likely to support that candidate, less likely, or wouldn't it make any difference?"

More
Likely
Less
Likely
No
Difference
Unsure
% % % %
8/03 12 44 43 1

.

"How about if a presidential candidate favored gay marriage? Would that make you more likely to support that candidate, less likely, or wouldn't it make any difference in your decision to support a particular candidate?"

More
Likely
Less
Likely
No
Difference
Unsure
% % % %
8/03 10 49 39 2

.

"Would you favor or oppose a law that would ban gay marriage, requiring that marriage should be between a man and a woman?"

Favor Oppose Unsure  
% % %  
8/03 52 41 7  

.

"Congress is considering a constitutional amendment that marriage should only be between a man and a woman. Would you favor or oppose the amending of the Constitution to specify marriage should be between a man and a woman?"

Favor Oppose Unsure  
% % %  
8/03 54 42 4  

 

NBC News/Wall Street Journal Poll conducted by the polling organizations of Peter Hart (D) and Robert Teeter (R). July 26-28, 2003. N=500 adults nationwide.

.

"Do you favor or oppose allowing gay and lesbian couples to enter into same-sex marriages?"

.

Favor Oppose Depends
(vol.)
Unsure
% % % %
7/26-28/03 32 51 4 13

.

"Do you favor or oppose allowing gay and lesbian couples to enter into legal agreements with each other that are not marriages, but that would give them many of the same legal and financial relationships as married couples?"

.

Favor Oppose Depends
(vol.)
Unsure
% % % %
7/26-28/03 53 34 2 11

 

CBS News/New York Times Poll. July 13-27, 2003. N=3,092 adults nationwide. MoE 2.

.

"Would you favor or oppose a law that would allow homosexual couples to marry, giving them the same legal rights as other married couples?"

Favor Oppose No
Opinion
% % %
ALL 40 55 5
Republicans 27 71 2
Democrats 45 50 5
Independents 45 48 7
18-29 years 61 35 4
30-44 40 55 5
45-64 38 58 4
65 & older 18 73 9
Men 39 56 5
Women 41 53 6

 

CNN/USA Today/Gallup Poll. July 18-20, 2003. N=1,003 adults nationwide. MoE 3.

.

"Now I'd like you to think about how your attitudes toward gays and lesbians might have changed in the past few years. Have you become more accepting of gays and lesbians, have your attitudes not changed, or have you become less accepting of gays and lesbians?"

More
Accepting
Not
Changed
Less
Accepting
No
Opinion
% % % %
7/03 32 59 8 1

 

Associated Press Poll conducted by ICR. May 17-21, 2000. N=1,012 adults nationwide. MoE 3.

.

"In general, do you think gays and lesbians should or should not be allowed to be legally married?" Split sample, Form A
%
Should 34
Should not 51
Don't know 11
Refused 3

.

"In general, do you think gays and lesbians should or should not be allowed to form a domestic partnership that would give the same-sex couple the same rights and benefits as opposite sex marriage?" Split sample, Form B
%
Should 41
Should not 46
Don't know 11
Refused 3

.

"I would like to read you a proposal in the area of legal recognition of gay and lesbian relationships. For each one, please tell me whether you favor or oppose this proposal. . . ."

Favor Oppose Don't
Know
Refused
% % % %
"Providing inheritance rights to gay partners."
56 32 9 3

.

"Providing health insurance coverage to gay partners."
53 37 7 3

.

"Providing Social Security benefits to gay partners."
50 41 6 3

 

Fox News/Opinion Dynamics Poll. Jan. 12-13, 2000. N=902 registered voters nationwide. MoE 3.

.

"One issue that has come up in the presidential debates is gays in the military. Do you think gay men and lesbians should be allowed to serve openly in the military?"
%
Yes 57
No 30
Not sure 13

.

"There has been a lot of discussion recently about whether gay couples should be granted either marriage or its equivalent in terms of legal rights. Do you believe gays and lesbians should be allowed to get legally married, allowed a legal domestic partnership similar to but not called marriage, or should there be no legal recognition given to gay and lesbian relationships?"
%
Allowed to get legally married 19
Allowed a legal domestic partnership 24
There should be no legal recognition 47
Not sure 10

 

NBC News/Wall Street Journal Poll conducted by the polling organizations of Peter Hart (D) and Robert Teeter (R). June 16-19, 1999. N=2,011 adults nationwide:

.

"Let me read you two positions on laws dealing with homosexuality. Between these positions, which do you tend to side with more? Position A: There are too many unnecessary laws that give special rights to homosexuals. Position B: Current laws are necessary to prohibit discrimination against homosexuals."
%
A. Too many unnecessary laws 42
B. Current laws are necessary 49
Not sure 9

 

CNN/Time Poll conducted by Yankelovich Partners. Oct. 14-15, 1998. N=1,036 adults nationwide.

.

ALL Rep. Ind. Dem.
% % % %
"Finally, do you think that as a matter of principle, the federal government should treat homosexuals and heterosexuals equally, or don't you think so?"
Yes, should 82 82 85 85
No, don't think so 14 15 11 12
Not sure 4 3 4 3

.

"As you may know, a federal law mandates increased penalties for people who commit crimes against blacks or other minorities out of prejudice against them. Do you favor or oppose a federal law that would mandate the same treatment for people who commit crimes against homosexuals out of prejudice against them?"
Favor 76 73 78 79
Oppose 19 24 18 15
Not sure 5 3 4 6

.

"In your opinion, how serious a problem is violence against gays and lesbians in this country today: very serious, fairly serious, not very serious, or not at all serious?"
Very serious 39
Fairly serious 36
Not very serious 17
Not at all serious 4
Not sure 4

.

"As you may know, a gay student at the University of Wyoming was recently beaten, tied to a fence, and later died. Do you think that an attack like the one in Wyoming could happen in your own community, or don't you think so?"
Yes, could happen 68
No, could not 27
Not sure 5

 


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