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     Iraq  (p. 14)


Polls listed chronologically. Data are from nationwide surveys of Americans 18 & older.

 
 

Investor's Business Daily/Christian Science Monitor poll conducted by TIPP, the polling arm of TechnoMetrica Market Intelligence. Aug. 2-5, 2004. N=938 adults nationwide. MoE ± 3.1.

.

"Next we have a few questions on Iraq. Generally speaking, do you support or oppose the U.S. military action in Iraq? Would you say you support it strongly, support it somewhat, oppose it somewhat, or oppose it strongly?"

.

Support
Strongly
Support
Somewhat
Oppose
Somewhat
Oppose
Strongly
Unsure
% % % % %
8/2-5/04 33 22 16 27 3

6/1-6/04

33 21 16 27 2

.

Among registered voters:

5/12-18/04

34 21 14 25 7

.

"And generally speaking, would you say the U.S. military action in Iraq is helping to make the world a safer place or not?"

.

Is
Helping
Is Not
Helping
Unsure    
% % %    
8/2-5/04 48 49 4    

6/1-6/04

46 48 7    

.

Among registered voters:

5/12-18/04

48 42 10    

.

"And in the next six months, do you think that conditions in Iraq will be better, worse, or about the same as now?"

.

Better Worse Same Unsure  
% % % %  
8/2-5/04 29 19 46 6  

6/1-6/04

30 23 42 5  

.

"And generally speaking, how satisfied are you with the current administration's Iraq policies? Would you say that you are very satisfied, somewhat satisfied, not very satisfied, or not at all satisfied?"

.

Very Somewhat Not Very Not At All Unsure
% % % % %
8/2-5/04 15 36 18 25 7

6/1-6/04

15 32 20 26 7

.

"And do you think that the Bush Administration intentionally misled the American public about whether Iraq had weapons of mass destruction or not?"

.

Did Did Not Unsure    
% % %    
8/2-5/04 44 50 5    

 

CBS News/New York Times Poll. July 11-15, 2004. N=955 adults nationwide. MoE ± 3.

.

"Now that control of the government in Iraq has been turned over to the Iraqi people, do you think the Iraqi people will be safer, less safe, or will the Iraqi people be about as safe as they were before the handover?"

.

Safer Less Safe About as
Safe
Don't
Know
% % % %
7/11-15/04 34 12 48 6

 

University of Pennsylvania National Annenberg Election Survey. June 28-July 8, 2004. N=2,073 adults nationwide. MoE ± 2. Interviewing conducted by Schulman, Ronca, Bucuvalas, Inc.

.

"As you may know, on June 28th, in Iraq, the United States transferred power to a new Iraqi government. Do you think the official transfer of power in Baghdad means the new Iraq government will have more power than the United States has in Iraq, the United States will have more power, or they will have about equal power?"

.

Iraq
More
U.S.
More
About
Equal
% % %
6/28 - 7/8/04 20 31 39

.

"Now that there has been an official transfer of power in Iraq, do you think the terrorist attacks against Americans and other foreigners will increase, decrease, or stay about the same?"

.

Increase Decrease Same
% % %
6/28 - 7/8/04 30 8 57

.

"How long do you think it SHOULD be before there are only a few thousand American troops in Iraq: right away, three months, six months, a year, or more than a year?"

.

Right
Away
Three
Months
Six
Months
A Year More Than
a Year
% % % % %
6/28 - 7/8/04 14 15 20 19 21

.

"How long do you think it WILL be before there are only a few thousand American troops in Iraq: three months, six months, a year, or more than a year?"

.

Three
Months
Six
Months
A Year More Than
a Year
% % % %
6/28 - 7/8/04 4 9 20 59

 

NBC News/Wall Street Journal Poll conducted by the polling organizations of Peter Hart (D) and Robert Teeter (R). June 25-28, 2004. N=1,025 registered voters nationwide. MoE ± 3 (total sample).

.

"Do you think that the United States should or should not have taken military action to remove Saddam Hussein from power in Iraq?"

.

Should
Have
Should
Not Have
Unsure
% % %
6/04 56 39 5

.

Among ALL adults:

3/04 64 32 4
1/04 66 29 5
12/14/03 69 26 5
12/13/03 66 30 4
11/03 63 34 3
9/03 64 33 4
7/03 69 27 5
5/03 71 24 5
4/03 76 17 7

.

"Since the United States has taken military action against Iraq to remove Saddam Hussein from power, do you think the threat of terrorism against the United States has increased, decreased, or stayed about the same?" Half sample (Form A)

.

Increased Decreased Same Unsure
% % % %
6/04 51 14 34 1

.

"Do you think President Bush gave the country the most accurate information he had before going to war with Iraq, or do you think President Bush exaggerated information to make the case for war with Iraq?" Half sample (Form B)

.

Most
Accurate
Exagger-
ated
Depends
(vol.)/
Unsure
% % %
6/04 42 53 5

.

Among ALL adults:

3/04 48 50 2
7/03 48 47 6

.

"Do you feel that the United States' activities in Iraq have done more to reduce or more to increase violence in the Middle East?" Half sample (Form A)

.

Reduce Increase Some of
Both (vol.)
No Effect
(vol.)
Unsure
% % % % %
6/04 22 60 8 4 6

.

"Thinking about the abuse and torture of Iraqi prisoners by American military personnel at the Abu Ghraib prison in Iraq, at which of the following levels do you think the decision was made to abuse and torture the Iraqi prisoners? Limited to the American military guards in the prison and their immediate superiors. Also included the American military leadership in Iraq. Also included military and civilian leaders in Washington."

.

Guards,
Immediate
Superiors
Military
Leaders
in Iraq
Leaders
in Wash-
ington
Unsure
% % % %
6/04 36 20 35 9

 

CBS News/New York Times Poll. June 23-27, 2004. N=1,053 adults nationwide. MoE ± 3.

.

"In his statements about the war in Iraq, do you think George W. Bush is telling the entire truth, is mostly telling the truth but is hiding something, or is mostly lying?"

.

Entire
Truth
Hiding
Something
Mostly
Lying
Don't
Know
% % % %
6/23-27/04 18 59 20 3
4/23-27/04 20 56 20 4

 

FOX News/Opinion Dynamics Poll. June 22-23, 2004. N=900 registered voters nationwide. MoE ± 3.

.

"Do you believe there was a partnership between Iraq and the terrorist group Al Qaeda under Saddam Hussein's regime?"

.

Yes No Unsure
% % %

6/22-23/04

56 28 16

 

CNN/USA Today/Gallup Poll. June 21-23, 2004. N=1,005 adults nationwide. MoE ± 3 (total sample).

.

"Do you think Saddam Hussein did or did not have long-established ties to Osama bin Laden's terrorist organization, known as al Qaeda?" Form B (N=521, MoE ± 5)

.

Did Did Not Unsure
% % %

6/21-23/04

67 28 5

 

ABC News/Washington Post Poll. June 17-20, 2004. N=1,201 adults nationwide. MoE ± 3. Fieldwork by TNS.

.

"As you may know, the United States is scheduled to transfer power to an interim government in Iraq on June 30th. Do you support or oppose this transfer of power?"

.

Support Oppose No
Opinion
% % %
6/17-20/04 82 16 2

.

"Who do you think will hold the real power in Iraq after June 30th: the new Iraqi government or the United States?" Options rotated

.

New Iraqi
Govt.
United
States
Both
(vol.)
Neither
(vol.)
No
Opinion
% % % % %
6/17-20/04 40 53 2 2 3

.

"Who do you think SHOULD hold the real power in Iraq after June 30th: the new Iraqi government or the United States?" Options rotated

.

New Iraqi
Govt.
United
States
Both
(vol.)
Neither
(vol.)
No
Opinion
% % % % %
6/17-20/04 77 21 1 1 1

.

"Do you think the Bush Administration intentionally misled the American public about possible links between Iraq and the Al Qaeda terrorist group, or do you think the Administration told the American public what it believed to be true about this?" Options rotated

.

Intention-
ally Misled
Believed It
To Be True
No
Opinion
% % %
6/17-20/04 48 50 2

 

The Harris Poll. June 8-15, 2004. N=991 adults nationwide. MoE ± 3.

.

"Do you believe that Saddam Hussein was supporting the terrorist organization Al Qaeda, which attacked the United States on September 11, 2001?"

.

Yes No Unsure
% % %
6/8-15/04 69 22 9

.

"How likely do you think it is that the U.S. will get bogged down for a long time in Iraq and not be able to create a stable government there? Would you say that is very likely, somewhat likely, not very likely, or not at all likely?"

.

Very Somewhat Not Very Not At All Unsure
% % % % %
6/8-15/04 41 34 15 6 4
4/8-15/04 45 29 13 8 5
2/9-16/04 37 36 16 7 5
12/14-16/03 39 30 22 5 4
12/10-13/03 44 28 14 8 5
10/03 42 32 14 7 5

 

Pew Research Center for the People & the Press survey conducted by Princeton Survey Research Associates. June 3-13, 2004. N=1,806 adults nationwide. MoE ± 2.5.

.

"Do you think the U.S. should keep military troops in Iraq until a stable government is established there, or do you think the U.S. should bring its troops home as soon as possible?"

.

Keep
Troops
Bring
Home
Unsure
% % %
6/3-13/04 51 44 5
5/3-9/04 53 42 5
4/21-25/04 53 40 7
4/1-4/04 50 44 6
12/19/03 - 1/4/04 63 32 5
10/03 58 39 3
9/03 64 32 4

 

FOX News/Opinion Dynamics Poll. June 8-9, 2004. N=900 registered voters nationwide. MoE ± 3.

.

"Do you support or oppose the United States having taken military action to disarm Iraq and remove Iraqi President Saddam Hussein?"

.

Support Oppose Unsure
% % %
6/8-9/04 60 34 6
4/21-22/04 65 31 4

3/23-24/04

61 32 7

1/21-22/04

66 28 6

11/18-19/03

66 30 4

9/23-24/03

64 30 6
4/22-23/03 76 20 4

.

"Do you think the U.S. military action in Iraq will ultimately make the United States safer or not?"

.

Will Will Not Same
(vol.)
Unsure
% % % %
6/8-9/04 39 46 5 10

 

Associated Press-Ipsos poll conducted by Ipsos-Public Affairs. June 7-9, 2004. N=approx. 400 registered voters nationwide.

.

"Do you approve or disapprove of the way George W. Bush is handling the situation in Iraq?"

.

Approve Disap-
prove
No
Opinion
% % %
6/7-9/04 43 55 2
5/3-5/04 46 51 3

 

The Los Angeles Times Poll. June 5-8, 2004. N=1,230 registered voters nationwide. MoE ± 3.

.

"Do you approve or disapprove of the way George W. Bush is handling the issue of the treatment of prisoners in Abu Ghraib prison in Iraq?"

.

Approve Disapprove Unsure
% % %
6/5-8/04 41 37 22

.

"Generally speaking, do you think that the U.S. is making good progress in Iraq, or would you say that the U.S. is getting bogged down?"

.

Making Good
Progress
Getting
Bogged Down
Unsure
% % %
6/5-8/04 35 61 4

.

"So far, who do you think is winning the war in Iraq: the United States or the insurgents fighting in Iraq?"

.

United States Insurgents Neither (vol.) Unsure
% % % %
6/5-8/04 52 24 16 8

.

"As you may know, June 30th is the date set by the Bush Administration and its allies to hand over the governing of Iraq to an interim Iraqi government that has just been appointed. Do you think the Iraqis are ready to govern their country without help from the U.S. and its allies, or do you think the Iraqis are not ready to govern their country without help from the U.S. and its allies?"

.

Are Ready Are Not Ready Unsure
% % %
6/5-8/04 27 65 8

.

"Should the interim Iraqi government have veto power to block military operations led by U.S. military forces and its allies, or not?"

.

Should
Have Veto
Power
Should Not
Have Veto
Power
Depends (vol.) Unsure
% % % %
6/5-8/04 36 51 3 10

.

"Should the United States give NATO the principle role in the security of Iraq, or not?"

.

Should Should Not Unsure
% % %
6/5-8/04 56 31 13

 

ABC News/Washington Post Poll. May 20-23, 2004. N=1,005 adults nationwide. MoE ± 3. Fieldwork by TNS.

.

"Do you approve or disapprove of the way Bush is handling the issue of the apparent abuse of Iraqi prisoners by U.S. soldiers?"

.

Approve Disap-
prove
No
Opinion
% % %
5/20-23/04 36 57 7
5/5-6/04 48 35 17

.

"Who do you think is behind most of the attacks on U.S. soldiers in Iraq: Iraqis who oppose the occupation, or international terrorist groups?" Options rotated

.

Iraqis Int'l
Terrorists
Both
(vol.)
Neither
(vol.)
No
Opinion
% % % % %
5/20-23/04 40 42 15 1 2

.

"Do you think the apparent abuse of Iraqi prisoners by U.S. soldiers represents a few isolated incidents, or do you think it's more widespread than that?"

.

Isolated Wide-
spread
No
Opinion
% % %
5/20-23/04 60 38 3
5/5-6/04 62 31 7

.

"Do you think the U.S. soldiers involved were acting on their own or following orders?" Options rotated

.

Acting
On Own
Following
Orders
No
Opinion
% % %
5/20-23/04 40 54 6

.

"What's your own personal reaction to the apparent abuse of Iraqi prisoners? Would you say you're not concerned; concerned but not upset; upset but not angry; or angry?" Options rotated

.

Not
Concerned
Concerned,
Not Upset
Upset,
Not Angry
Angry No
Opinion
% % % % %
5/20-23/04 12 30 27 31 -
5/5-6/04 7 39 27 24 2

.

"Do you think what American soldiers did to prisoners at the Abu Ghraib prison in Baghdad amounts to torture, or do you think it was abuse, but not torture?"

.

Torture Abuse, Not
Torture
Both
(vol.)
Not Abuse
(vol.)
No
Opinion
% % % % %
5/20-23/04 29 60 5 2 4

 

CBS News Poll. May 20-23, 2004. N=1,113 adults nationwide. MoE ± 3 (total sample).

.

"Do you think the June 30th handover of power to Iraq probably will or probably will not happen on June 30th?"

.

Will Will Not Don't
Know
% % %
5/20-23/04 29 63 9

.

"Do you think the handover of power to Iraq should or should not happen on June 30th?"

.

Should Should Not Don't
Know
% % %
5/20-23/04 57 34 9

.

"Do you think the Bush Administration has developed a clear plan for the transfer of power in Iraq on June 30th or hasn't it developed one?"

.

Has Has Not Don't
Know
% % %
5/20-23/04 24 60 16

.

"How serious a problem do you think the abuse of Iraqi prisoners is for U.S. progress in Iraq right now: very serious, somewhat serious, not too serious, or not at all serious?"

.

Very Somewhat Not Too Not
At All
Don't
Know
% % % % %
5/20-23/04 55 27 11 5 2
5/11/04 60 23 10 4 3

.

"Do you think the media have spent too much time, too little time, or the right amount of time on the stories about Iraqi prisoners being abused by U.S. soldiers?"

.

Too Much Too Little Right
Amount
Don't
Know
% % % %
5/20-23/04 61 6 32 1
5/11/04 49 6 41 4

.

"Which comes closer to your opinion? (1) What happened to the Iraqi prisoners was justified because the U.S. is at war with Iraq and that is what can happen to prisoners of war. OR, (2) What happened to the Iraqi prisoners was NOT justified because U.S. soldiers should be held to a higher standard?"

.

Justified Not
Justified
Don't
Know
% % %
5/20-23/04 12 81 7

.

"Based on what you've heard or read, do you think this behavior is probably more widespread among the U.S. troops who guard Iraqi prisons, or is this behavior probably limited to the few soldiers involved in these incidents?"

.

More Wide-
spread
Limited Don't
Know
% % %
5/20-23/04 34 59 7
5/11/04 27 65 8

.

"Do you think officials at the Pentagon tried to cover up reports of the abuse of Iraqi prisoners, or did they try to investigate what happened as quickly as possible?"

.

Tried to
Cover Up
Tried to
Investigate
Both
(vol.)
Don't
Know
% % % %
5/20-23/04 51 39 2 8
5/11/04 43 39 3 15

.

"Should people higher up in the military chain of command be held responsible for the acts of the soldiers involved in the abuse even if they didn't know about it, or should only the soldiers involved be held responsible?"

.

Higher-ups Soldiers
Involved
Both
(vol.)
Don't
Know
% % % %
5/20-23/04 44 45 7 4
5/11/04 40 46 9 6

 

FOX News/Opinion Dynamics Poll. May 18-19, 2004. N=900 registered voters nationwide nationwide. MoE ± 3.

.

“Which one of the following best describes what you think the United States should do to stabilize Iraq? Do you think the United States should stay on the current course; stay on the same general course, but become more aggressive with military tactics; develop a whole new plan; or get out now -- the U.S. will never be able to stabilize Iraq?”

.

Current
Course
More
Aggressive
Whole
New Plan
Get Out
Now
Other (vol.)/
Unsure
% % % % %
5/04 15 28 21 28 8

.

“How satisfied are you with the Bush Administration's response to reports of U.S. troops abusing Iraqi prisoners . . . ?”

.

Very
Satisfied
Somewhat
Satisfied
Somewhat
Dissat-
isfied
Very
Dissat-
isfied
Unsure
% % % % %
5/04 22 27 13 29 9

.

"Do you believe the abuse of Iraqi prisoners by U.S. soldiers was widespread or was it limited to a few soldiers?"

.

Wide-
spread
Limited Unsure

.

% % %    
5/04 25 58 17    

.

"Do you believe that the supervisors of the soldiers who abused Iraqi prisoners were aware of the abuse?"

.

Were
Aware
Were Not
Aware
Unsure

.

% % %    
5/04 71 12 17    

 

Investor's Business Daily/Christian Science Monitor/TIPP poll conducted TechnoMetrica Market Intelligence. May 12-18, 2004. N=845 registered voters nationwide.

.

"And do you approve or disapprove of the media's decision to release the pictures of treatment of prisoners at Abu Ghraib prison in Iraq?"

.

Approve Disapprove Unsure    
% % %    
5/04 41 52 7    

.

"Some say that widespread media coverage of prisoner treatment in Iraq is responsible for triggering new retaliation against Americans. Do you agree or disagree with this point of view?"

.

Agree Disagree Unsure    
% % %    
5/04 59 35 6    

 

Newsweek Poll conducted by Princeton Survey Research Associates. May 13-14, 2004. N=1,010 adults nationwide. MoE ± 3.

.

"From what you've seen, heard, or read, do you think the abuse of Iraqi prisoners at Abu Ghraib prison was a case of low-ranking American soldiers acting on their own, or do you think the abuse was authorized by higher-ups in the military chain of command?"

.

Acting on
Their Own
Authorized
By Higher-Ups
Unsure
% % %
5/13-14/04 36 45 19

.

"Do you think Donald Rumsfeld should resign or be removed from his job as Secretary of Defense as a result of the Iraqi prisoner abuse scandal, or should he remain as Secretary of Defense?"

.

Resign/
Removed
Remain Unsure
% % %
5/13-14/04 30 57 13

.

"Do you think John Kerry's recent criticisms of President Bush's handling of the situation in Iraq are appropriate, to let voters know what he would do differently as president, or that Kerry's recent criticisms of the commander-in-chief about Iraq are not appropriate at a time our troops are fighting there?"

.

Appropriate Not
Appropriate
Unsure
% % %
5/13-14/04 33 54 13

 

Time/CNN Poll conducted by Harris Interactive. May 12-13, 2004. N=1,001 adults nationwide. MoE ± 3.1 (total sample).

.

"Do you think President Bush is doing a good job or a poor job handling the situation in Iraq?"

.

Good Poor Not
Sure
% % %
5/12-13/04 39 55 6
2/5-6/04 52 44 4
12/30/03 & 1/1/04 56 39 5
7/16-17/03 55 40 5
5/21-22/03 69 27 4

.

"Do you think Secretary of Defense Donald Rumsfeld should or should not resign as a result of his handling of the war in Iraq?"

.

Should Should
Not
Not
Sure
% % %
5/12-13/04 32 57 11

.

"In general, do you approve or disapprove of current military policy in Iraq?"

.

Approve Disap-
prove
Not
Sure
% % %
5/12-13/04 41 49 10
4/8/04 48 45 7
12/30-31/03 59 36 5
11/18-19/03 50 44 6
9/3-4/03 54 38 8
7/16-17/03 55 37 8

.

"Do you think the United States was right or wrong in going to war with Iraq?"

.

Right Wrong Not Sure
% % %
ALL 48 46 6
Republicans 75 21 4
Independents 48 47 5
Democrats 29 65 6

.

Trend:
4/8/04 53 41 6
2/5-6/04 55 38 7
11/18-19/03 55 39 6
9/3-4/03 63 32 5
7/16-17/03 61 35 4
3/27/03 65 28 7

.

"In your opinion, has the military campaign against Iraq been successful, unsuccessful, or somewhere in-between?"

.

Successful Un-
successful
In-
between
Not
Sure
% % % %
5/12-13/04 19 26 52 3
4/8/04 26 24 49 1
12/30-31/03 43 11 44 2
11/18-19/03 25 20 53 2
9/3-4/03 32 13 53 2
7/16-17/03 39 13 46 2
3/27/03 52 8 37 3

.

"In your view, is the war against Iraq worth the toll it has taken in American lives and other kinds of costs, or isn't the war worth these costs?"

.

Worth It Not
Worth It
Not Sure
% % %
5/12-13/04 37 56 7
11/18-19/03 44 50 6
9/3-4/03 49 43 8
7/16-17/03 49 45 6
3/27/03 59 33 8

 

CBS News Poll. May 11, 2004. N=448 adults nationwide. MoE ± 5 (total sample).

.

"How do you think the war with Iraq is affecting the United States' image in the Arab world? Is the war making the U.S. image in the Arab world better, making it worse, or is the war having no effect on the U.S. image in the Arab world?"

.

Better Worse No Effect Don't
Know
% % % %
5/11/04 6 73 14 7
4/23-27/04 10 71 10 9

.

"From what you have seen or heard, is the United States in control of events taking place in Iraq, or are the events in Iraq out of U.S. control?"

.

In Control Out of
Control
Don't
Know
% % %
5/11/04 31 57 12
10/20-21/03 39 50 11
9/15-16/03 38 48 14
8/26-28/03 42 47 11
8/11-12/03 45 43 12
7/03 45 41 14
4/03 71 20 9

.

"How closely have you been following news about the abuse of Iraqi prisoners by U.S. soldiers at a prison in Iraq? Have you been following it very closely, somewhat closely, not too closely, or not at all?"

.

Very
Closely
Somewhat
Closely
Not Too
Closely
Not
At All
Don't
Know
% % % % %
5/11/04 42 37 16 4 1

.

"Do you think the news media should or should not have released the photographs of Iraqi prisoners being abused by U.S. soldiers?"

.

Should
Have
Should
Not Have
Don't
Know
% % %
5/11/04 51 43 6

.

"Do you think the news media should or should not release all of the remaining photos?"

.

Should Should
Not
Don't
Know
% % %
5/11/04 37 57 6

.

"Do you think Donald Rumsfeld should resign or be removed from his job as Secretary of Defense as a result of these reports of abuse, or should he remain as Secretary of Defense?"

.

Resign/
Removed
Remain Don't
Know
% % %
5/11/04 37 53 10

.

"Do you agree or disagree that the behavior of the U.S. soldiers toward the Iraqi prisoners is no worse than what the Iraqis have done to Americans in this war?"

.

Agree Disagree Don't
Know
% % %
5/11/04 67 21 12

.

"Do you think the U.S. soldiers involved in the abuse of Iraqi prisoners were acting on their own or were they following orders from the people they reported to?"

.

Acting on
Their Own
Following
Orders
Don't
Know
% % %
5/11/04 37 46 17

.

"Do you think officials at the Pentagon are more upset because the abuse happened, or are they more upset because the public found out about it?"

.

Upset
Abuse
Happened
Upset
Public
Found Out
Don't
Know
% % %
5/11/04 29 61 10

 

CNN/USA Today/Gallup Poll. May 7-9, 2004. N=1,003 adults nationwide. MoE ± 3 (total sample).

.

"How closely have you been following the news about evidence of U.S. soldiers abusing Iraqi prisoners, including incidents that involve photographs of the abuse: very closely, somewhat closely, not too closely, or not at all?"

.

Very
Closely
Somewhat
Closely
Not Too
Closely
Not
At All
% % % %

5/7-9/04

41 39 15 5

.

"Would you say the abuse of Iraqi prisoners by U.S. soldiers bothers you a great deal, a fair amount, not much, or not at all?"

.

A Great
Deal
A Fair
Amount
Not Much Not At All No
Opinion
% % % % %

5/7-9/04

54 25 11 9 1

.

"Do you think the abuse of Iraqi prisoners by U.S. soldiers are isolated incidents, or do you think they are common occurrences?"

.

Isolated Common No
Opinion
% % %

5/7-9/04

64 30 6

.

"Which comes closer to your view: there are circumstances in which you might find this type of behavior by U.S. soldiers justified, or there are no circumstances under which this type of behavior by U.S. soldiers would be justified?" Options rotated

.

Sometimes
Justified
Never
Justified
No
Opinion
% % %

5/7-9/04

23 73 4

.

"Based on what you have read or heard, which of the following statements about the actions the soldiers took in the abuse cases comes closer to your view: they were actions based on accepted U.S. military policy about how to deal with prisoners of war, or they were actions that violated accepted U.S. military policy about how to deal with prisoners of war?" Options rotated. Form A (N=504, MoE ± 5).

.

Accepted
Policy
Violated
Policy
No
Opinion
% % %

5/7-9/04

14 79 7

.

"Do you think the U.S. soldiers who were involved in the photographed incidents of abuse were following orders or were they acting on their own?"  Options rotated. Form B (N=499, MoE ± 5).

.

Following
Orders
Acting On
Their Own
No
Opinion
% % %

5/7-9/04

34 56 10

.

"Which comes closer to your view about the actions of the U.S. soldiers involved in the photographed incidents of abuse: they were mostly harmless pranks that do not deserve any major punishment, or they were mostly serious offenses that deserve criminal punishment?" Options rotated

.

Harmless
Pranks
Serious
Offenses
No
Opinion
% % %

5/7-9/04

18 71 11

.

"How much do you blame each of the following for the abuse of prisoners by U.S. soldiers: a great deal, a fair amount, not much, or not at all? How about [see below]?"

.

A Great
Deal
A Fair
Amount
Not
Much
Not
At All
No
Opinion
% % % % %
"The soldiers who carried out the abuse at the prison" 65 18 8 6 3

.

"The officers who directly supervise the soldiers who carried out the abuse" 60 25 7 5 3

.

"The U.S. military intelligence officers who interrogated the prisoners" 40 32 12 10 6

.

"Secretary of Defense Donald Rumsfeld" 26 22 21 28 3

.

"President Bush" 22 20 17 39 2

.

"Do you think Secretary of Defense Donald Rumsfeld should or should not resign as a result of these incidents?" Form A (N=504, MoE ± 5)

.

Should Should
Not
No
Opinion
% % %

5/7-9/04

31 64 5

.

"Do you think President Bush should or should not fire Secretary of Defense Donald Rumsfeld as a result of these incidents?" Form B (N=499, MoE ± 5)

.

Should Should
Not
No
Opinion
% % %

5/7-9/04

29 62 9

.

"Turning to the media: Overall, do you feel the news media have acted responsibly or irresponsibly in this situation?"

.

Respon-
sibly
Irrespon-
sibly
No
Opinion
% % %

5/7-9/04

55 41 4

.

"Do you think the news about the incidents of abuse represent a major setback for the U.S. in the war against terrorism, a minor setback, or not really a setback at all?" Form A (N=504, MoE ± 5)

.

Major
Setback
Minor
Setback
Not a
Setback
No
Opinion
% % % %

5/7-9/04

48 34 16 2

.

"Do you think the news about the incidents of abuse represent a major setback for the U.S. in the war in Iraq, a minor setback, or not really a setback at all?" Form B (N=499, MoE ± 5)

.

Major
Setback
Minor
Setback
Not a
Setback
No
Opinion
% % % %

5/7-9/04

49 36 14 1

.

"Now, thinking more generally: When the U.S. decides to go to war, do you think U.S. soldiers generally do or do not have higher standards of behavior than soldiers from most other countries?" Form A (N=504, MoE ± 5)

.

Do Do Not No
Opinion
% % %

5/7-9/04

81 14 5

.

"When the U.S. decides to go to war, do you think the U.S. generally does or does not have higher moral principles for going to war than most other countries?" Form B (N=499, MoE ± 5)

.

Does Does Not No
Opinion
% % %

5/7-9/04

74 22 4

 

University of Pennsylvania National Annenberg Election Survey. May 6-9, 2004. N=1,030 adults nationwide. Interviewing conducted by Schulman, Ronca, Bucuvalas, Inc.

.

"Recently, photographs were made public that appeared to show U.S. soldiers abusing Iraqi prisoners. Do you think the soldiers mistreated these prisoners on their own, or do you think they were following orders from their commanders?"

.

On Their
Own
Following
Orders
% %
ALL 47 31
Republicans 58 18
Democrats 38 45
Independents 51 26

.

"Do you think the Pentagon acted properly in dealing with this matter, or do you think it tried to cover up the abuse?"

.

Acted
Properly
Tried to
Cover It Up
% %
ALL 32 52
Republicans 50 35
Democrats 17 70
Independents 36 47

.

"Do you think Donald Rumsfeld should resign as secretary of defense because of this matter, or not?"

.

Should
Resign
Should
Not Resign
% %
ALL 24 66
Republicans 10 84
Democrats 40 47
Independents 18 75

 

ABC News/Washington Post Poll. May 5-6, 2004. N=802 adults nationwide. MoE ± 3.5. Fieldwork by TNS.

.

"How closely have you been following news reports about the apparent abuse of some Iraqi prisoners by American soldiers in Iraq: very closely, somewhat closely, not too closely, or not closely at all?"

.

Very
Closely
Some-
what
Closely
Not Too
Closely
Not
Closely
At All
No
Opinion
% % % % %
5/5-6/04 36 39 16 8 1

.

"Do you think Bush should or should not apologize to the Iraqi people for these incidents?"

.

Should Should
Not
No
Opinion
% % %
5/5-6/04 59 33 8

.

"Do you think the soldiers involved should or should not be charged with a crime?"

.

Should Should
Not
No
Opinion
% % %
5/5-6/04 66 25 8

.

"Do you think higher-level military officers should be punished for allowing a breakdown in training and discipline that let this happen, or do you think these incidents are only the responsibility of the individual soldiers involved?" Options rotated

.

Punish
Higher-ups
Individuals
Only
Neither
(vol.)
No
Opinion
% % % %
5/5-6/04 54 31 8 6

.

"Do you think the Bush Administration acted quickly enough in investigating these reports when they first became known, or moved too slowly?" Options rotated

.

Quickly
Enough
Too
Slowly
No
Opinion
% % %
5/5-6/04 42 42 16

.

"Before this issue became public, do you think the Bush Administration was mainly trying to investigate it, or was mainly trying to cover it up?"

.

Investigate Cover It
Up
No
Opinion
% % %
5/5-6/04 44 43 13

.

"Do you think the Secretary of Defense, Donald Rumsfeld, should resign because of the prisoner abuse issue, or should he keep his job?"

.

Resign Keep
His Job
No
Opinion
% % %
5/5-6/04 20 69 11

.

"Do you feel that these incidents are not a big deal, because this kind of thing happens in a war situation, or do you think they are a big deal, because this kind of abuse is unacceptable no matter what the situation?" Options rotated

.

Not a
Big Deal
A Big
Deal
No
Opinion
% % %
5/5-6/04 28 69 3

 

CBS News/New York Times Poll. April 23-27, 2004. N=1,042 adults nationwide. MoE ± 3 (total sample).

.

"Which comes closer to your opinion? (1) Iraq was a threat to the United States that required immediate military action. OR, (2) Iraq was a threat that could have been contained. OR, (3) Iraq was not a threat to the United States at all."

.

Required
Immediate
Action
Could
Have Been
Contained
Not a
Threat
At All
Don't
Know
% % % %
4/23-27/04 32 48 17 3
3/10-14/04 42 45 12 1
2/24-27/04 40 46 12 2
2/12-15/04 39 43 15 3
12/21-22/03 44 39 14 3
12/14-15/03 44 37 15 4
7/03 43 43 9 5
6/03 53 35 10 2

.

"Looking back, do you think the Bush Administration tried hard enough to reach a diplomatic solution in Iraq, or was it too quick to get American military forces involved?"

.

Tried Hard
Enough
Too
Quick
Don't
Know
% % %
4/23-27/04 34 61 5

.

"Should the United States manage things in Iraq on its own for the time being or should the United Nations be brought in now to help the U.S. manage things in Iraq?"

.

On Its
Own
Bring in
the UN
Don't
Know
% % %
4/23-27/04 17 76 7
5/03 34 61 5

.

"How much longer do you think the United States troops will have to remain in Iraq: for less than a year, one to two years, two to five years, or will U.S. troops have to stay in Iraq for longer than five years?"

.

Less Than
1 Year
1 to 2
Years
2 to 5
Years
More Than
5 Years
Don't
Know
% % % % %
4/23-27/04 8 27 33 25 7

 

FOX News/Opinion Dynamics Poll. April 21-22, 2004. N=900 registered voters nationwide. MoE ± 3.

.

"How well do you think the war with Iraq is going for the United States and coalition allies . . . ?"

.

Very
Well
Some-
what Well
Not Very
Well
Not At
All Well
Not
Sure
% % % % %
4/21-22/04 11 31 28 27 3

4/8-9/03

64 28 3 1 4

3/25-26/03

37 46 9 2 6

.

"Do you think U.S. troops should stay in Iraq only for a specified length of time or should troops stay as long as it takes to establish a stable, free government in Iraq?"

.

Specified
Length
Of Time
As Long
As It
Takes
Not
Sure
% % %
4/21-22/04 39 55 6

.

"In general, do you think most Iraqi people are glad that the United States removed Saddam Hussein from power or do they wish the United States troops had stayed home?"

.

Glad U.S.
Removed
Saddam
Wish U.S.
Stayed
Home
Not
Sure
% % %
4/21-22/04 69 18 13
9/9-10/03 65 20 15

.

"Based on what you know, do you think the United States coalition should hand over power to a transitional government in Iraq on June 30 as scheduled or should the deadline be extended?"

.

June 30
Handover
Extend
Deadline
Not
Sure
% % %
4/21-22/04 50 38 12

 

ABC News/Washington Post Poll. April 15-18, 2004. N=1,201 adults nationwide. MoE ± 3. Fieldwork by TNS Intersearch.

.

"As a result of the war, do you think the Middle East is more stable, less stable, or what?"

.

More
Stable
Less
Stable
Neither
(vol.)
Both
(vol.)
No
Opinion
% % % % %
4/15-18/04 34 51 11 2 2

.

"The United States plans to transfer political power to a temporary government in Iraq on June 30th. Do you think it should proceed with that plan or hold off on the transfer until a later date?"

.

Proceed Hold Off No
Opinion
% % %
4/15-18/04 63 31 5

 

The Harris Poll. April 8-15, 2004. N=979 adults nationwide. MoE ± 3.

.

"Do you believe that clear evidence of weapons of mass destruction has been found in Iraq, or not?"

.

Found Not
Found
Not
Sure
% % %
4/8-15/04 19 74 7
2/9-16/04 18 75 6
12/10-13/03 23 68 9
10/03 30 63 7
8/03 27 63 10
6/03 35 55 10

.

"Do you believe Iraq actually had weapons of mass destruction when the war began, or not?"

.

Had
Them
Did Not
Have Them
Not
Sure
% % %
4/8-15/04 51 38 11
2/9-16/04 51 40 9
12/10-13/03 64 28 7
10/03 60 29 11
8/03 67 23 10
6/03 69 21 10

.

"Do you believe clear evidence that Iraq was supporting al Qaeda has been found in Iraq, or not?"

.

Found Not
Found
Not
Sure
% % %
4/8-15/04 49 36 15
2/9-16/04 47 38 15
12/10-13/03 53 33 13
10/03 49 38 12
8/03 50 35 14
6/03 48 33 19

Earlier polling on Iraq


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