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     Journalism (p. 2)


 
 
 

ABC News/Washington Post Poll. May 16-19, 2013. N=1,001 adults nationwide. Margin of error ± 3.5.

.

"As you may know, the Associated Press reported classified information about U.S. anti-terrorism efforts, and federal prosecutors have obtained AP's phone records through a court order to try to find the source of this information. ... More generally, how concerned are you that in trying to protect classified information the federal government will improperly intrude on the freedom of the press: very concerned, somewhat concerned, not too concerned or not concerned at all?"

.

Very
concerned
Somewhat
concerned
Not too
concerned
Not concerned
at all
Unsure
% % % % %
5/16-19/13 32 37 18 11 2

 

USA Today Poll conducted by Princeton Survey Research Associates International. May 16-19, 2013. N=1,002 adults nationwide. Margin of error ± 3.6.

.

"It was revealed this week that the Justice Department has seized comprehensive phone records for reporters and editors at the Associated Press in connection with an unspecified investigation. In such cases, which is more important to you -- that the government be able to censor news stories it feels threaten national security, or that the news media be able to report stories they feel are in the national interest?"

.

Government
censor news
News media
report
Equally
important (vol.)
Unsure/
Refused

.

% % % %

.

5/16-19/13 23 62 5 9

.


 

Quinnipiac University Poll. March 22-28, 2011. N=2,069 registered voters nationwide. Margin of error ± 2.2.

.

"Do you support or oppose cutting off federal government funding to NPR, National Public Radio?"

.

Support Oppose Unsure

.

.

% % %

.

.

3/22-28/11 34 52 14

.

.

2/21-28/11 40 49 11

.

.


 

NBC News/Wall Street Journal Poll conducted by the polling organizations of Peter Hart (D) and Bill McInturff (R). Dec. 11-14, 2009. N=1,008 adults nationwide. MoE ± 3.1.

.

"From which ONE of the following national television news sources do you get MOST of your information about politics and current events? If you do not watch any of these, please just say so. Broadcast network news, such as NBC, ABC, or CBS. The cable channel Fox News. The cable channel CNN. Some other national television news source. The cable channel MSNBC."

.

%

.

.

.

.

Broadcast networks 36

.

.

.

.

Fox News 27

.

.

.

.

CNN 16

.

.

.

.

Another news source 7

.

.

.

.

MSNBC 5

.

.

.

.

None of these 7

.

.

.

.

Unsure 2

.

.

.

.


 

CNN/Opinion Research Corporation Poll. Oct. 16-18, 2009. N=1,038 adults nationwide. MoE ± 3.

.

"Do you think the media are out of touch with average Americans, or are they generally in touch?"

.

Out of touch In touch Unsure

.

.

% % %

.

.

10/16-18/09 70 29 1

.

.


 

Gallup Poll. Aug. 31-Sept. 2, 2009. N=1,026 adults nationwide. MoE ± 4.

.

"In general, how much trust and confidence do you have in the mass media -- such as newspapers, TV and radio -- when it comes to reporting the news fully, accurately and fairly: a great deal, a fair amount, not very much, or none at all?"

.

Great deal

Fair amount

Not very
much

None at all

Unsure

% % % % %
8/31 - 9/2/09 10 35 37 18 1
9/8-11/08 9 34 35 21 1
9/14-16/07 9 38 35 17 -
9/12-15/05 13 37 37 12 1
9/13-15/04 9 35 39 16 1
9/8-10/03 14 40 35 11 -
9/5-8/02 10 44 35 11 -
9/7-10/01 12 41 33 14 -
7/6-9/00 12 39 37 12 -
2/99 11 44 34 11 -
12/98 11 44 35 9 1
6/97 10 43 31 15 1
6/76 18 54 22 4 2
4/74 21 48 21 8 2
5/72 18 50 24 6 2

.

"In general, do you think the news media are too liberal, just about right, or too conservative?" Options rotated

.

Too liberal About right Too
conservative

Unsure

.

% % % %

.

8/31 - 9/2/09 45 35 15 5

.

9/8-11/08 47 36 13 5

.

9/14-16/07 45 35 18 2

.

9/7-10/06 44 33 19 4

.

9/12-15/05 46 37 16 1

.

9/13-15/04 48 33 15 4

.

9/8-10/03 45 39 14 2

.

2/17-19/03 45 36 15 4

.

9/5-8/02 47 37 13 3

.

9/7-10/01 45 40 11 4

.


 

CBS News/New York Times Poll. Jan. 11-15, 2009. N=1,112 adults nationwide. MoE ± 3.

.

"Where do you get most of your news about what's going on in the world today -- from newspapers, radio, television, the Internet, magazines, or talking to people?"

.

%        

Television

60        

Newspapers

14        

Internet

13        

Radio

7        

Talking to people

4        

Magazines

1        

Unsure

1        

 

ABC News/Facebook poll. Dec. 16-19, 2007. N=1,142 adults nationwide. MoE ± 3.

.

"In general, how much trust and confidence do you have in the traditional news media -- such as newspapers, news magazines, TV and radio news -- when it comes to reporting the news fully, accurately, and fairly: a great deal, a fair amount, not very much, or none at all?"

.

A Great Deal A Fair
Amount
Not Very
Much
None at All  
% % % %  

12/16-19/07

14 50 29 8  

.

"Now thinking about so-called new media sources on the Internet, in general, how much trust and confidence do you have in new media on the Internet when it comes to reporting the news fully, accurately, and fairly: a great deal, a fair amount, not very much, or none at all?"

.

A Great Deal A Fair
Amount
Not Very
Much
None at All Unsure
% % % % %

12/16-19/07

6 45 29 12 8

.

"How much do you use [see below] to get news or information specifically about political candidates in the 2008 election: a great deal, somewhat, not much or not at all?"

.

A Great Deal Somewhat Not Much Not at All  
% % % %  

Television

41 38 13 7  

.

Print newspapers

23 37 20 20  

.

Radio

17 31 22 29  

.

Internet

15 30 17 38  

.

Magazines

6 27 24 43  

.

"How have you been getting MOST of your news about the presidential election campaign: from television, from newspapers, from radio, from magazines, or from the Internet?" Up to two responses accepted

.

%        

Television

70        

Newspapers

26        

Internet

23        

Radio

16        

Magazines

5        

Other (vol.)

2        

.

Asked of those who use the Internet for political news:
"What are the top few websites that you use to get news or information about the 2008 election -- any that you have bookmarked, or that you've used in the past few days?"

.

  %      

Cable TV news websites

37      

Network TV news websites

33      

News portal websites

31      

National newspaper websites

10      

Candidates’ websites

2      

Other

20      

None

3      

Unsure

12      

.

Asked of those who use the Internet for political news:
"How important, if at all, has the Internet been in terms of providing you with information to help you decide how to vote in the November election: very important, somewhat important, not very important, or not at all important?"

.

Very
Important
Somewhat
Important
Not Very
Important
Not at All
Important
 
% % % %  

12/16-19/07

18 46 23 13  

.

"Which of these comes closer to your own view? Overall, the Internet plays more of a positive role in the election campaign because it provides easy and direct access to information about the candidates. OR, Overall, the Internet plays more of a negative role in the election campaign because so much information there is unchecked or unreliable."

.

Positive Negative Both
Equally (vol.)
Neither (vol.) Unsure
% % % % %

12/16-19/07

46 39 2 3 10

7/07

48 39 3 5 5

 

Pew Research Center survey conducted by Opinion Research Corp. Sept. 28-Oct. 1, 2007. N=1,018 adults nationwide. MoE ± 3.5.

.

"Now thinking about the 2008 presidential campaign -- In general, how would you rate the job the press has done in covering the presidential campaign: [see below]?"

.

Excellent Good Only Fair Poor Unsure
% % % % %

9/28 - 10/1/07

6 35 32 21 6

.

"Would you like to see MORE coverage or LESS coverage of [see below]?" Items rotated

.

More
Coverage
Less
Coverage
Same
Amount (vol.)
Unsure  
% % % %  

.

The candidates' positions on issues

    9/28 - 10/1/07

77 17 4 2  

.

The candidate debates

    9/28 - 10/1/07

57 32 8 3  

.

The sources of candidates' campaign money

    9/28 - 10/1/07

55 35 7 3  

.

The candidates' personal backgrounds and experiences

    9/28 - 10/1/07

55 36 6 3  

.

The candidates who are not frontrunners

    9/28 - 10/1/07

55 37 5 3  

.

Which candidate is leading in the latest polls

    9/28 - 10/1/07

42 45 9 4  

 

Gallup Poll. Sept. 14-16, 2007. N=1,010 adults nationwide. MoE ± 3.

.

"In general, do you think the national news media are too liberal, just about right, or too conservative?" Options rotated. N=509, MoE ± 5 (Form B).

.

Too
Liberal
About
Right
Too
Conservative

Unsure

.

% % % %

.

9/14-16/07 42 38 16 3

.

.

"In general, do you think the local news media in your area are too liberal, just about right, or too conservative?" Options rotated. N=509, MoE ± 5 (Form B).

.

Too
Liberal
About
Right
Too
Conservative

Unsure

.

% % % %

.

9/14-16/07 25 56 16 3

.


 

Gallup Poll. April 23-26, 2007. N=1,007 adults nationwide, drawn from Gallup's household panel, which was originally recruited through random selection methods. MoE ± 4.

.

"Would you say your opinion of each of the following network news anchors is very positive, somewhat positive, somewhat negative, or very negative? How about [see below]?"

.

Positive Negative Never Heard
Of (vol.)
Unsure  
% % % %  

.

Charles Gibson of ABC News

  4/23-26/07

62 16 19 4  

.

Brian Williams of NBC News

  4/23-26/07

59 18 19 5  

.

Katie Couric of CBS News

  4/23-26/07

51 33 13 3  

 

Associated Press-AOL News poll conducted by Ipsos Public Affairs. Oct. 20-25, 2006. N=1,621 registered voters nationwide. MoE ± 2.4.

.

"Do you ever get news or information about candidates and campaigns for the upcoming elections from the Internet or not?"

.

Yes

No

 

 

 

% %

 

 

 

10/20-25/06

38 62

 

 

 

.

Asked of those who answered "Yes" to question above:
"For each of the following, please tell me if you have used this resource as a way of obtaining information about candidates and the campaign for the upcoming congressional elections on the Internet, or not. How about . . . ?"

.

Yes

No

 

 

 

% %

 

 

 

News sites

86 14

 

 

 

Political web sites

46 54

 

 

 

Candidates' web sites

36 64

 

 

 

Blogs

24 76

 

 

 


 

USA Today/Gallup Poll. April 7-9, 2006. N=1,004 adults nationwide. MoE ± 3.

.

"Now thinking for a moment about the news media -- Please indicate how often you get your news from each of the following sources: every day, several times a week, occasionally, or never. How about . . . ?"

.

Every Day Several
Times
a Week
Occasionally Never  
% % % %  

.

"Nightly network news programs on ABC, CBS or NBC"

  4/7-9/06

45 19 21 15  
  12/04 36 16 26 22  
  12/02 43 16 25 15  
  7/99 52 18 22 8  

  7/98

55 19 19 7  

  3/98

56 19 17 7  

  8/95

62 20 15 3  

.

"Morning news and interview programs on the national TV networks such as Good Morning America or the Today Show"

  4/7-9/06

29 11 26 33  

 

Associated Press/TV Guide poll conducted by Ipsos Public Affairs. April 3-4, 2006. N=615 adults nationwide. MoE ± 4.

.

"How often do you watch network evening news programs, such as ABC World News Tonight, the CBS Evening News, NBC's Nightly News or the NewsHour on PBS . . . ?"

.

Every Day Several
Times
Per Week
About Once
Per Week
Less Than
Once
Per Week
Never
% % % % %
4/3-4/06 38 25 14 9 14

.

"Now I'm going to read you the names of some television news personalities. As I read each one, please tell me whether you have a favorable or unfavorable view of each person. If you don't know enough about the person, you can tell me that too. Do you have a favorable or unfavorable view of [see below]?"

.

  Favorable Unfavorable Unsure  
  % % %  

Diane Sawyer

72 16 12  

Katie Couric

55 22 23  

Brian Williams

52 6 42  

Charles Gibson

49 9 42  

Bob Schieffer

49 10 41  

Jim Lehrer

42 8 51  

Anderson Cooper

36 10 54  

Elizabeth Vargas

35 5 60  

Shepard Smith

25 7 68  

.

"If Katie Couric were to anchor a network evening news program, how likely is it that you would watch her program . . . ?"

.

Very Likely Somewhat
Likely
Not Too
Likely
Not at
All Likely
Unsure
% % % % %
4/3-4/06 18 32 17 30 3

.

"Would you prefer to watch Katie Couric in the mornings on the Today Show or as an anchor of an evening news program?"

.

Today Show Evening News
Program
Unsure    
% % %    
4/3-4/06 49 29 22    

 

Pew Research Center for the People & the Press survey conducted by Princeton Survey Research Associates International. Feb. 1-5, 2006. N=1,502 adults nationwide. Margin of error ± 3.

.

"Which is more important to you -- that the government be able to censor news stories it feels threaten national security OR that the news media be able to report stories they feel are in the national interest?"

.

Gov't Able
To Censor
News Media
Able to Report
Both
Equal (vol.)
Unsure  
% % % %  
2/1-5/06 34 56 5 5  
2/03 42 50 2 6  
11/01 53 39 4 4  
3/91 58 32 5 5  

 

CBS News/New York Times Poll. Jan. 20-25, 2006. N=1,229 adults nationwide. Margin of error ± 3.

.

"In general, how much trust and confidence do you have in the news media -- such as newspapers, TV, and radio -- when it comes to reporting the news fully, accurately, and fairly: a great deal, a fair amount, not very much, or none at all?"

.

A Great
Deal
A Fair
Amount
Not Very
Much
None at All Unsure
% % % % %
ALL adults 15 48 28 8 1
  Republicans 9 43 35 13 0
  Democrats 22 53 21 4 0
  Independents 13 49 29 8 1

.

"Do you think the stories the news media report are generally accurate or inaccurate?"

.

Accurate Inaccurate Depends
(vol.)
Unsure
% % % %
1/20-25/06 69 22 5 4
10/94 69 22 7 2

.

"In general, how much of the time do you think the news media tells the truth: all of the time, most of the time, only some of the time, or hardly ever?"

.

All of
the Time
Most of
the Time
Only Some
of the Time
Hardly Ever Unsure
% % % % %
ALL adults 5 54 36 4 1
  Republicans 3 48 39 8 2
  Democrats 7 61 30 2 0
  Independents 5 52 39 2 2

 

Pew Research Center conducted by Princeton Survey Research Associates International. June 8-12, 2005. Nationwide.

           

.

"How have you been getting most of your news about national and international issues -- from television, from newspapers, from radio, from magazines, or from the Internet?" Up to two responses accepted. N=1,464, MoE ± 3.

           

.

    Television Newspapers Radio Magazines Internet
    % % % % %
  6/8-12/05 74 44 22 5 24
  12/04 74 46 21 4 24
  8/03 79 46 15 3 18
  1/02 82 42 21 3 14
  2/01 76 40 16 4 10
  1/99 82 42 18 4 6
           

.

"Now I'd like your opinion of some groups and organizations in the news. Would you say your overall opinion of [see below] is very favorable, mostly favorable, mostly UNfavorable, or very unfavorable?" N=1,464, MoE ± 3

           

.

        Favorable Unfavorable Can't
Rate (vol.)
        % % %
 

"Local television news"

73 20 7
           

.

 

"The daily newspaper you are most familiar with"

72 18 10
           

.

 

"Network television news such as ABC, NBC, and CBS"

68 23 9
           

.

 

"Cable news networks such as CNN, Fox News Channel and MSNBC"

67 18 15
           

.

 

"Large nationally influential newspapers such as the New York Times and the Washington Post"

38 25 37
           

.

"Some people think that by criticizing leaders, news organizations keep political leaders from doing their job. Others think that such criticism is worth it because it keeps political leaders from doing things that should not be done. Which position is closer to your opinion?" Form 1 (N=726, MoE ± 4)

           

.

    Keep From
Doing Job
Keep From
Doing Wrong
Unsure    
    % % %    
  6/8-12/05 28 60 12    
  7/03 29 54 17    
  7/02 26 59 15    
  11/01 32 54 14    
  9/01 25 60 15    
  2/99 31 58 11    
  2/98 39 55 6    
  2/97 32 56 12    
  1/94 24 66 10    
           

.

"Some people think that by criticizing the military, news organizations weaken the country's defenses. Others think that such criticism helps keep our nation militarily prepared. Which position is closer to your opinion?" Form 2 (N=738, MoE ± 4)

           

.

  Weaken
Defenses
Keeps
Nation
Prepared
Unsure    
  % % %    
  6/8-12/05 47 44 9    
  7/03 43 45 12    
  7/02 40 49 11    
  11/01 37 49 14    
  3/91 28 59 13    
           

.

"In general, do you think news organizations get the facts straight, or do you think that their stories and reports are often inaccurate?" N=1,464, MoE ± 3

           

.

  Get Facts
Straight
Often
Inaccurate
Unsure    
  % % %    
  6/8-12/05 36 56 8    
  7/03 36 56 8    
  7/02 35 56 9    
  11/01 46 45 9    
  9/01 35 57 8    
  2/99 37 58 5    
  8/98 33 58 9    
  2/98 34 63 3    
  2/97 37 56 7    
  1/92 49 44 7    
           

.

"In presenting the news dealing with political and social issues, do you think that news organizations deal fairly with all sides, or do they tend to favor one side?" N=1,464, MoE ± 3

           

.

  Deal Fairly Favor
One Side
Unsure    
  % % %    
  6/8-12/05 21 72 7    
  7/03 26 66 8    
  9/01 26 67 7    
  2/97 27 67 6    
  1/92 31 63 6    
  7/85 34 53 13    
           

.

"Do you think the press has been too critical of the Bush Administration policies and performance so far, not critical enough or do you think that the press has handled this about right?" N=1,464, MoE ± 3

           

.

  Too Critical Not Critical
Enough
About Right Unsure  
  % % % %  
  6/8-12/05 28 33 34 5  
           

.

"Some people think it is okay for news organizations to use unnamed sources because they can sometimes find out important news they otherwise wouldn't get. Others think it is too risky because it can sometimes lead to inaccurate reports. Which comes closer to your opinion?" Form 1 (N=726, MoE ± 4)

           

.

  Okay To Use Too Risky Unsure    
  % % %    
  6/8-12/05 44 52 4    
           

.

"Some people feel news reporters should ALWAYS reveal the sources of their story to the audience. Others feel that SOMETIMES reporters should be allowed to keep their sources confidential if that is the only way to get information. Which position is closer to your opinion?" Form 1 (N=738, MoE ± 4)

           

.

  Always
Reveal
Sometimes
Keep
Confidential
Unsure    
  % % %    
  6/8-12/05 19 76 5    
           

.

"In your opinion, which is better -- that news coverage of the war on terrorism be pro-American or that news coverage of the war on terrorism be neutral?" N=1,464, MoE ± 3

           

.

  Pro-
American
Neutral Unsure    
  % % %    
  6/8-12/05 24 68 8    
  7//03 29 64 7    

 

ABC News/Washington Post Poll. May 18-22, 2005. N=1,003 adults nationwide. MoE ± 3.

.

"In general, how much trust and confidence do you have in the news media -- such as newspapers, newsmagazines, TV and radio news -- when it comes to reporting the news fully, accurately, and fairly: a great deal, a fair amount, not very much, or none at all?"

.

Great
Deal
Fair
Amount
Not Very
Much
None
At All
Unsure
% % % % %
5/18-22/05 11 47 29 13 1

.

"From time to time, high government officials deny reports in the national news media and say the reports are not accurate. In such cases, who do you tend to believe: the government, or the national news media?"

.

Government News
Media
Depends
(vol.)
Unsure
% % % %
5/18-22/05 26 46 22 6
1/97 18 66 13 2
4/94 18 56 21 5
12/83 32 47 13 9

.

"As you may know, journalists sometimes get information by agreeing not to identify their source by name in the story. In general, do you approve or disapprove of the use of anonymous sources in news stories?"

.

Approve Disapprove Unsure  
% % %  
5/18-22/05 53 43 4  

.

Asked of those who disapprove of use of anonymous sources:
"
Would you approve or disapprove of the use of anonymous sources if it's the only way a reporter can get an important story?"

.

Approve If
Only Way
Disapprove Unsure  
% % %  
5/18-22/05 29 66 5  

.

Net: Approve In General/
Approve If Only Way
Disapprove Unsure  
% % %  
5/18-22/05 65 28 6  

.

"Overall, do you think news reporters use anonymous sources too often, not often enough, or about the right amount?"

.

Too
Often
Not Often
Enough
About
Right
Unsure
% % % %
5/18-22/05 33 20 40 8

 

Department of Public Policy, University of Connecticut. March and April 2005. N=1,000 adults nationwide. MoE ± 3.5.

.

"Please tell me whether you agree or disagree with the following statements . . . ."

.

Agree Disagree Unsure
% % %

.

"When a news story relies on an unnamed source, one should question the accuracy of that story."

3-4/05 89 10 1

.

"News stories that rely on unnamed sources should not be published in the first place."

3-4/05 53 44 3

.

"Journalists should keep secret the identity of a confidential news source even when ordered by a court to disclose the identity of that source."

3-4/05 59 35 5

.

"There is legislation being proposed in Congress to create a law that would protect journalists from being required to disclose confidential sources in federal court. Would you favor or oppose this legislation?"

.

Favor Oppose Unsure
% % %
3-4/05 56 38 6

.

"Just a few weeks ago, the U.S. Court of Appeals ruled that journalists are required to reveal their sources to an investigating grand jury. Do you approve or disapprove of the Court's ruling that journalists are required to release their confidential sources during grand jury investigations?"

.

Approve Disapprove Unsure
% % %
3-4/05 57 38 6

.

"Do you think the U.S. Court of Appeals' ruling violates the First Amendment rights of American journalists?"

.

Yes No Unsure
% % %
3-4/05 46 42 12

 

The Gallup Poll. Dec. 5-8, 2004. N=1,003 adults nationwide. MoE ± 3.

.

"Now thinking for a moment about the news media, please indicate how often you get your news from each of the following sources: every day, several times a week, occasionally, or never. How about . . . ?"

.

Every Day Several
Times a
Week
 
% %  
"Local television news from TV stations in your area"

12/04

51 19

12/02

57 16

.

"Local newspapers in your area"

12/04

44 14

12/02

47 13

.

"Cable news networks such as CNN, Fox News Channel and MSNBC"

12/04

39 16

12/02

41 15

.

"Nightly network news programs on ABC, CBS or NBC"

12/04

36 16

12/02

43 16

.

"Morning news and interview programs on the national TV networks"

12/04

27 12

12/02

29 10

.

"Public television news"

12/04

27 11

12/02

35 12

.

"Radio talk shows"

12/04

21 12

12/02

22 10

.

"News on the Internet"

12/04

20 6

12/02

15 8

.

"National Public Radio"

12/04

17 12

12/02

22 9

.

"National newspapers such as The New York Times, Wall Street Journal, USA Today"

12/04

7 4

12/02

11 5

.

"And how often do you get your news from each of the following WEEKLY sources of news: every week, several times a month, occasionally, or never. How about . . . ?"

.

Every Week Several
Times a
Month
 
% %  
"Weekly news magazines"

12/04

19 11

12/02

12 5

.

"Television news programs on Sunday mornings"

12/04

18 7

12/02

18 5

.

"TV news magazine shows during the evenings, such as 60 Minutes, 20-20, Dateline, and others"

12/04

11 4

12/02

23 12

 

Chicago Tribune Poll conducted by Market Shares Corp. June 23-27, 2004. N=1,000 adults nationwide. MoE ± 3.

.

"Thinking about news coverage of Iraq, should there be restrictions on the extent of news coverage of the war, or should there be no restrictions as long as U.S. lives are not endangered?"

.

%    
Should be restrictions 33    
No restrictions, if lives not endangered 60    
No restrictions, even if lives endangered (vol.) 4    
Don't know 4    

.

"Thinking about coverage of Iraqi prisoner abuse, should there have been restrictions on the extent of news coverage, or should there have been no restrictions?"

.


Restrictions

No
Restrictions

Don't
Know
   
% % %    
  47 49 4    

.

"As you know, some news media content is editorial or opinion commentary critical of public figures and policies. Most media content is news stories about events happening locally, nationally or worldwide. Thinking first about news stories: During a time of war, should the media be allowed to publish or broadcast news stories which suggest the war is not going well, or should they not be allowed to do so?"

.

Should
Be Allowed

Should Not
Be Allowed

Don't
Know
   
% % %    
ALL 75 20 5    
  Republicans 68 28 5    
  Independents 76 18 6    
  Democrats 82 15 3    

.

"How about editorial or opinion commentary? During a time of war, should the media be allowed to publish or broadcast editorials or opinion commentary critical of how the war is being handled, or should they not be allowed to do so?"

.

Should
Be Allowed

Should Not
Be Allowed

Don't
Know
   
% % %    
ALL 76 20 4    
  Republicans 68 30 2    
  Independents 78 18 4    
  Democrats 84 13 2    

.

"The subjects we have been talking about -- that is, the media and political beliefs -- are rights guaranteed by the First Amendment of the Constitution. In your opinion, does the First Amendment go too far in guaranteeing such expressions, or are the guarantees about right?"

.

Goes
Too Far

About
Right

Not Far
Enough (vol.)

Don't
Know
 
% % % %  
ALL 23 64 5 8  
  Republicans 27 64 3 7  
  Independents 19 69 5 7  
  Democrats 25 62 5 8  

.

"Thinking again about the media and their news stories about politics, elected officials, and election campaigns, do you think their coverage is biased or not biased?"

.

Biased

Not
Biased

Don't
Know
   
% % %    
ALL 76 14 9    
  Republicans 85 11 4    
  Independents 74 16 9    
  Democrats 73 17 9    

.

Asked of respondents who answered "Biased":
"
Generally speaking, do you think the news media are mostly biased in favor of Republicans, mostly biased in favor of Democrats, or does the bias favor each party about the same?"

.

In Favor of
Democrats

In Favor of
Republicans

Each About
The Same
Don't
Know
 
% % % %  
ALL 22 13 36 5  
  Republicans 53 4 26 2  
  Independents 14 11 42 7  
  Democrats 4 24 40 4  

 

ABC News Nightline Poll. Jan. 8-12, 2003. N=1,037 adults nationwide. MoE ± 3.

.

"How important to you is the right to a free press in this country? Would you say it's essential, very important, somewhat important or not especially important?"

%

.

Essential 38
Very important 49
Somewhat important 10
Not especially important 3
No opinion 1

.

"In general, do you think the government should or should not have the right to control what information the news media can report?"
%

.

Should 28
Should not 58
Depends on the subject (vol.) 13
No opinion 1

.

"If you had to pick, which of these would you say is more important: the right to a free press in this country OR the government's ability to keep military secrets in wartime?" Options rotated
%

.

Right to free press 34
Keeping military secrets 60
No opinion 6

.

"Specifically in a time of war, do you think the news media have more of an obligation to support how the government carries out the war OR more of an obligation to question how the government carries out the war?" Options rotated
%

.

Support the government 56
Question the government 36
No opinion 8

.

"Again, specifically in time of war, do you think the government should or should not have the right to prohibit the news media from reporting sensitive military information?"
%

.

Should have right to prohibit 66
Should not have right to prohibit 31
No opinion 4

 

Pew Research Center for the People & the Press survey conducted by Princeton Survey Research Associates. July 8-16, 2002. N=1,365 adults nationwide. MoE ± 3.

.

"Which of the following two statements about the news media do you agree with more? The news media helps society to solve its problems. OR, The news media gets in the way of society solving its problems."

.

Helps
Society
Gets In
The Way
Don't
Know
 
% % %  
7/02 31 58 11
11/01 35 51 14
9/01 31 58 11
2/98 29 65 6
1/98 31 63 6
2/97 36 54 10
3/95 33 57 10
7/94 25 71 4

 

Pew Research Center for the People & the Press survey conducted by Princeton Survey Research Associates. Oct. 4-8, 2000. N=1,009 registered voters nationwide.

.

"Would you say the press has been fair or unfair in the way it has covered George W. Bush's election campaign?" Form 1 (N=494; MoE ± 5)
%
Fair 65
Unfair 25
Don't know 10

.

"Would you say the press has been fair or unfair in the way it has covered Al Gore' s election campaign?" Form 1 (N=494; MoE ± 5)
%
Fair 74
Unfair 15
Don't know 11

.

"Who do you think most newspaper reporters and TV journalists want to see win the presidential election: George W. Bush or Al Gore?" Form 2 (N=515; MoE ± 5)
%
Gore 47
Bush 23
Neither (vol.) 6
Don't know 24

.

"How often do you think members of the news media let their own political preferences influence the way they report the news: often, sometimes, seldom, or never?" Form 2 (N=515; MoE ± 5)
10/00 9/92
% %
Often 57 49
Sometimes 32 35
Seldom 8 12
Never 1 2
Don't know 2 2

 

CNN/Gallup Poll. Feb. 4-8, 1999. N=1,022 adults nationwide.

.

"Do you think the media are out of touch with average Americans, or are they generally in touch?"
2/99 4/95
% %
Out of touch 48 60
In touch 50 38
No opinion 2 2

.

"Still thinking about the Clinton investigation and impeachment process: Overall, do you feel the news media have acted responsibly or irresponsibly in this matter?"
2/99 1/98
% %
Responsibly 48 37
Irresponsibly 50 55
No opinion 2 8

.

"Overall, would you say the media in this country has been biased in favor of Bill Clinton or biased against Bill Clinton?"
%
Biased in favor 40
Biased against 37
Not biased (vol.) 16
No opinion 7

 

Media Studies Center survey conducted by the University of Connecticut. Jan. 11-18, 1999. N=1,002 adults nationwide.

.

"Overall, where would you say you get most of your news from: television, newspapers, radio, magazines, the internet, or some other source?" Probe, if necessary: "If you had to choose one, which would it be?"

.

%
Television 65
Newspapers 21
Radio 9
Internet 2
Some other source 2
Magazines 1
Don't know 1


 


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