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    Race and Ethnicity  (p. 2)


 
 
 

AP-GfK Poll conducted by GfK Roper Public Affairs & Corporate Communications. Jan. 5-10, 2011. N=1,001 adults nationwide. Margin of error ± 4.2.

.

"As you may know, Monday, January 17th, is Martin Luther King Day. Will you do anything to commemorate Martin Luther King Day this year, or not?"

.

Yes No Unsure
% % %

1/5-10/11

30 69 1

.

"Do you think there has been significant progress toward Martin Luther King's dream of racial equality, or don't you think so?"

.

Has been
significant
progress
Don't think so Unsure
% % %

1/5-10/11

77 22 1

.

"Do you feel that Martin Luther King Jr.'s birthday should be a national holiday, or not?"

.

Yes No Unsure Refused
% % % %

1/5-10/11

74 24 2 1

 

CNN/Opinion Research Corporation Poll. May 21-23, 2010. N=1,023 adults nationwide. Margin of error ± 3.

.

"Thinking specifically about the effect of Barack Obama's presidency on relations between blacks and whites in this country, do you think his presidency has started a new era of better race relations, or do you think his presidency has resulted in some improvement in race relations but not started a new era, or do you think his presidency has created no real change in race relations in this country, or do you think that his presidency has made race relations worse?"

.

New era Some
improvement
No real
change
Worse Unsure
% % % % %
5/21-23/10 11 39 33 17 -
12/16-20/09 12 42 31 14 1

 

ABC News/Washington Post Poll. April 22-25, 2010. N=1,001 adults nationwide. MoE ± 3.5.

.

"When it comes to representing the interests of African Americans do you think that Obama is doing too much, too little or about the right amount?"

.

Too much Too little About right Unsure
% % % %

4/22-25/10

12 13 67 8

.

"How big a problem is racism in our society today? Is it a big problem, somewhat of a problem, a small problem or not a problem at all?"

.

A big
problem
Somewhat
of a problem
A small
problem
Not a
problem
Unsure
% % % % %

4/22-25/10

33 42 19 5 1

1/13-16/09

26 48 22 4 -

 

ABC News/Washington Post Poll. Jan. 12-15, 2010. N=1,083 adults nationwide (MoE ± 3.5), including, with an oversample, 153 blacks (MoE ± 8.5).

.

"Do you think Barack Obama's election as president represents progress for all blacks in America more generally, or do you think it is only a single case that does not reflect broader progress for blacks overall?" Options rotated

.

Progress for
All Blacks
Not Broader
Progress
Unsure
% % %

1/12-15/10

64 30 6

Blacks

70 27 2

Whites

66 29 5

.

12/19/08 - 1/4/09

65 22 13

Blacks

64 22 14

Whites

66 20 14

.

"Do you think Obama's presidency has done more to help or more to hurt race relations in this country, or has it not made much of a difference?"

.

Help Hurt Not Much of
a Difference
Unsure
% % % %

1/12-15/10

41 12 47 -

Blacks

51 4 44 1

Whites

40 12 48 -

.

"Do you think blacks have achieved racial equality, will soon achieve racial equality, will not achieve racial equality in your lifetime, or will never achieve racial equality?"

.

Have
Achieved
Will Soon
Achieve
Won't Achieve
In Lifetime
Will Never
Achieve
Unsure
% % % % %

1/12-15/10

37 31 19 8 4

Blacks

11 38 32 17 3

Whites

40 31 19 7 4

.

1/13-16/09

35 38 17 6 3

Blacks

20 36 23 18 3

Whites

38 38 17 5 3

 

CNN/Opinion Research Corporation Poll. Dec. 16-20, 2009. N=1,160 adults nationwide (MoE ± 3), including 786 non-Hispanic whites (MoE ± 3.5), and, with an oversample, 259 blacks (MoE ± 6).

.

"Thinking specifically about the effect of Barack Obama's presidency on relations between blacks and whites in this country, do you think his presidency has started a new era of better race relations, or do you think his presidency has resulted in some improvement in race relations but not started a new era, or do you think his presidency has created no real change in race relations in this country, or do you think that his presidency has made race relations worse?"

.

New Era Some
Improvement
No Real
Change
Worse Unsure
% % % % %
ALL 12 42 31 14 1
Whites 11 39 34 15 1
Blacks 18 51 23 7 1

.

"In general, do you think blacks have as good a chance as white people in your community to get any kind of job for which they are qualified, or don't you think they have as good a chance?"

.

As Good
a Chance
Not as Good
a Chance
Unsure
% % %
ALL 72 26 2
Whites 76 22 2
Blacks 45 54 1

.

"Do you think black celebrities are singled out for unfair treatment by society, or are all celebrities generally treated the same, regardless of race?"

.

Singled Out
for Unfair
Treatment
Generally
Treated the
Same
Unsure
% % %
ALL 13 85 1
Whites 9 90 1
Blacks 39 60 1

.

"Do you think race relations in this country will ever get better than they are, or don't you think so?"

.

Will Get
Better
Don't
Think So
Unsure
% % %
12/16-20/09 71 28 1
Whites 72 27 1
Blacks 75 24 1

.

10/12-14/07 62 36 2
Whites 66 33 1
Blacks 49 51 -

.

"Martin Luther King gave his famous 'I Have a Dream Speech' at a civil rights march in Washington in 1963. In your view, do you think the U.S. has fulfilled the vision King outlined in that speech, or don't you think so?"

.

Has Fulfilled
King's Vision
Hasn't Fulfilled
King's Vision
Unfamiliar with
Speech (vol.)
Unsure
% % % %
12/16-20/09 51 47 1 1
Whites 50 48 1 1
Blacks 55 44 - 1

.

1/12-15/09 49 49 1 -
Whites 46 52 1 -
Blacks 69 30 - -

.

3/26 - 4/2/08

34 59 4 3
Whites 35 58 4 3
Blacks 34 64 - 2

.

"Martin Luther King gave his famous 'I Have a Dream Speech' at a civil rights march in Washington in 1963. In your view, do you think the U.S. has fulfilled the vision King outlined in that speech, or don't you think so?" If hasn't fulfilled King's vision: "Do you think the U.S. can eventually fulfill the vision in King's speech, or don’t you think so?" Combined responses

.

Has Fulfilled
King's Vision
Hasn't Fulfilled/
Can Eventually
Fulfill
Hasn't Fulfilled/
Cannot Fulfill
Unfamiliar with
Speech (vol.)
Unsure
% % % % %
12/16-20/09 51 31 17 1 -
Whites 50 30 19 1 1
Blacks 55 31 14 - 1

 

CNN/Opinion Research Corporation Poll. July 31-Aug. 3, 2009. N=1,136 adults nationwide (MoE ± 3), including 773 non-Hispanic whites (MoE ± 3.5), and, with an oversample, 226 blacks (MoE ± 6.5).

.

"Do you approve or disapprove of how Obama has handled race relations since he became president?"

.

Approve Disapprove Unsure    
% % %    

ALL

61 34 4    

Whites

56 40 4    

Blacks

92 6 2    

.

"Have you personally ever felt treated unfairly by the police or by a police officer specifically because of your race?"

.

Yes No      
% %      

ALL

16 84      

Whites

6 94      

Blacks

56 44      

.

"Next, we'd like to know how widespread you believe the problem of racism is against blacks among police officers in this country. Would you say it is very common, fairly common, fairly rare, or very rare?"

.

Very
Common
Fairly
Common
Fairly Rare Very Rare Unsure
% % % % %

ALL

16 36 31 13 4

Whites

11 36 35 14 4

Blacks

46 40 7 5 2

.

3/26 - 4/2/08

ALL

19 40 26 10 5

Whites

11 41 32 11 5

Blacks

48 33 9 8 1

.

"Now I have some questions about an incident in Massachusetts in which a professor named Henry Louis Gates, who is black, was arrested for disorderly conduct at his home by a police officer named James Crowley, who is white. Based on what you have heard or read about this incident, do you think the police officer, James Crowley, acted stupidly or don't you think?"

.

Acted
Stupidly
Don't
Think So
Unsure    
% % %    

ALL

33 54 14    

Whites

29 58 14    

Blacks

59 29 12    

.

"And based on what you have heard or read about this incident, do you think the professor, Henry Louis Gates, acted stupidly or don't you think so?"

.

Acted
Stupidly
Don't
Think So
Unsure    
% % %    

ALL

53 30 16    

Whites

58 27 15    

Blacks

44 43 13    

.

"Who would you say you sympathize with more: Henry Louis Gates, the professor who was arrested, or James Crowley, the police officer who arrested him?"

.

Gates Crowley Both
Equally (vol.)
Neither
(vol.)
Unsure
% % % % %

ALL

33 41 8 9 9

Whites

29 45 9 9 8

Blacks

61 19 4 8 8

.

"Do you think a white homeowner would have been arrested if he had acted the same way in the same circumstances, or don't you think so?"

.

Would
Have Been
Don't
Thinks So
Depends
(vol.)
Unsure  
% % % %  

ALL

59 29 4 8  

Whites

66 23 4 8  

Blacks

25 64 3 8  

.

"As you may know, Barack Obama made some comments about this incident at a televised press conference. Based on what you have read or heard about Obama's comments, do you think Obama acted stupidly when he made them, or don't you think so?"

.

Acted
Stupidly
Don't
Think So
Unsure    
% % %    

ALL

54 32 14    

Whites

63 25 13    

Blacks

26 59 15    

.

"Did Obama's comments make you feel more favorable or less favorable toward him, or did those comments not change your view of Obama?"

.

More
Favorable
Less
Favorable
No Change Unsure  
% % % %  

ALL

7 28 59 6  

Whites

4 33 57 5  

Blacks

13 10 69 7  

.

"As you may know, Barack Obama had a beer at the White House with the professor who was arrested and the police officer who arrested him. Do you think that event was a good idea or a bad idea?"

.

Good Idea Bad Idea Unsure    
% % %    

ALL

58 36 7    

Whites

53 40 6    

Blacks

75 20 6    

.

"Do you think this incident has taught Americans a lesson that will lead to better race relations in this country?"

.

Has Taught
a Lesson
Has Not Unsure    
% % %    

ALL

36 58 6    

Whites

33 61 6    

Blacks

44 52 4    

 

CBS News/New York Times Poll. July 24-28, 2009. N=1,050 adults nationwide. MoE ± 3.

.

"Thinking about the country as a whole, do you think most police generally treat blacks and Hispanics better than whites, do they treat blacks and Hispanics worse than whites, or do they generally treat all groups the same?"

.

Better Worse Same Depends (vol.) Unsure
% % % % %
7/24-28/09 3 38 46 5 8

.

"Was there ever a specific instance when you felt discriminated against by the police because of your race or ethnic background?"

.

Yes No
% %
7/24-28/09 18 82

 

Pew Research Center for the People & the Press survey. July 27, 2009. N=480 adults nationwide who were first surveyed by Pew July 22-26, 2009. MoE ± 5.5.

.

"How much, if anything, have you heard about Barack Obama's comments regarding the arrest of Henry Louis Gates, a black Harvard professor, at his home after a dispute with a police officer: a lot, a little, or nothing at all?"

.

A Lot A Little Nothing
at All
Unsure

.

% % % %

.

7/27/09 46 33 19 2

.

.

"Do you approve or disapprove of the way Barack Obama has handled this situation?" If necessary: "Do you approve or disapprove of the way Obama has handled the dispute between Gates and the police officer?"

.

Approve Disapprove Unsure
% % %
7/27/09 29 41 30

.

"From what you've read and heard about what happened during the original incident, who, if anyone, would you say was more at fault: Henry Louis Gates, the professor, or James Crowley, the police officer?" Options rotated

.

Gates Crowley Both
Equally (vol.)
Neither/No
One (vol.)
Unsure
% % % % %
7/27/09 27 25 10 3 36

 

NBC News/Wall Street Journal Poll conducted by the polling organizations of Peter Hart (D) and Bill McInturff (R). July 24-27, 2009. N=1,011 adults nationwide. MoE ± 3.1.

.

"When it comes to the arrest of Henry Louis Gates by the Cambridge police officer, who do you feel is more at fault: Gates or the Cambridge police officer, or both of them? If you do not know enough or do not have an opinion just say so."

.

Gates Police Officer Both Don't Know
Enough
Unsure
% % % % %
7/24-27/09 27 11 29 31 2

 

CNN/Opinion Research Corporation Poll. June 26-28, 2009. N=1,026 adults nationwide. MoE ± 3.

.

"In a case currently before the Supreme Court, a city decided to use a test to determine which firefighters should receive promotions. No black firefighters scored high enough on the test to earn a promotion, so the city decided not to offer promotions to the white firefighters who got the highest scores on the test. Which of the following statements comes closest to your view? Those white firefighters were victims of discrimination and should get the promotions based on the test results. Because no black firefighters got high scores, the city should use a new test to make sure that blacks were not victims of discrimination." Options rotated

.

White
Firefighters
Should Get
Promotions
City Should
Use a
New Test
Unsure
% % %
6/26-28/09 65 31 4

 

AP-GfK Poll conducted by GfK Roper Public Affairs & Media. May 28-June 1, 2009. N=1,000 adults nationwide. MoE ± 3.1.

.

"Do you generally favor or oppose affirmative action programs for racial and ethnic minorities?"

.

Favor Oppose Unsure
% % %

5/28 - 6/1/09

56 36 9

.

"Do you generally favor or oppose affirmative action programs for women?"

.

Favor Oppose Unsure
% % %

5/28 - 6/1/09

63 29 9

 

Quinnipiac University Poll. May 26-June 1, 2009. N=3,097 registered voters nationwide. MoE ± 1.8.

.

"Do you think affirmative action programs that give preferences to blacks and other minorities in hiring, promotions and college admissions should be continued, or do you think these affirmative action programs should be abolished?"

.

Continued Abolished Unsure
% % %

ALL

36 55 9

Republicans

18 73 9

Democrats

57 33 10

Independents

30 63 8

.

"Which comes closer to your point of view? Affirmative action programs seek out qualified minorities and do not disadvantage members of other groups. OR, Affirmative action programs result in members of some minority groups being advantaged at the expense of other groups."

.

Others Aren't
Disadvantaged
Others Are
Disadvantaged
Unsure
% % %

5/26 - 6/1/09

44 46 10

.

"If affirmative action programs giving preference to blacks and other minorities do result in less opportunities for whites, do you think that's a price worth paying to help blacks and other minorities, or not?"

.

Is Worth
Paying
Is Not Worth
Paying
Unsure
% % %

5/26 - 6/1/09

29 59 12

.

"Which comes closer to your point of view regarding affirmative action programs in the work place? (A) We should have affirmative action programs to overcome past discrimination. (B) We should have affirmative action programs to increase diversity. OR, (C) We should not have affirmative action programs."

.

To Overcome
Discrimination
To Increase
Diversity
Should Not
Have
Unsure
% % % %

5/26 - 6/1/09

20 27 47 5

.

"Do you think members of some racial groups should get preference for government jobs so that the workforce has the same racial makeup as its community?"

.

Yes No Unsure
% % %

5/26 - 6/1/09

25 70 5

.

"Do you think members of some racial groups should get preference for jobs in private companies so that the workforce has the same racial makeup as its community?"

.

Yes No Unsure
% % %

5/26 - 6/1/09

21 74 5

.

"Does Barack Obama's election as president make you more likely to support continuation of affirmative action programs, less likely, or does it not change your view?"

.

More
Likely
Less
Likely
Doesn't
Change View
Unsure
% % % %

5/26 - 6/1/09

8 10 80 2

.

"In order to increase diversity, do you support or oppose affirmative action programs that give preferences to [see below] in hiring, promotions and college admissions?"

.

Support Oppose Unsure
% % %

"Hispanics"

5/26 - 6/1/09

29 64 7

.

"White women"

5/26 - 6/1/09

32 62 6

.

"Blacks"

5/26 - 6/1/09

33 61 6

.

"Those who are handicapped"

5/26 - 6/1/09

55 39 6

.

"Gays and lesbians"

5/26 - 6/1/09

27 65 8

.

"Which do you think is the best term to describe these programs: affirmative action or preferences?"

.

Affirmative
Action
Preferences Unsure
% % %

5/26 - 6/1/09

36 51 12

.

"As you may know, the United States Supreme Court will be deciding a case involving New Haven, Connecticut's use of promotion tests for firefighters. Because no blacks scored high enough to qualify for promotion, the city decided to throw the test out. Do you think the Supreme Court should uphold the city or order the city to promote the 14 white and one Hispanic firefighters who scored high enough for promotion?"

.

Uphold the
City
Order City to
Promote
Unsure
% % %

5/26 - 6/1/09

19 71 10

.

"As you may know, Sonia Sotomayor voted to uphold New Haven's decision as an appellate court judge. Does this make you more likely to favor her appointment to the Supreme Court, less likely, or doesn't it make a difference?"

.

More
Likely
Less
Likely
Doesn't Make
a Difference
Unsure
% % % %

5/26 - 6/1/09

7 28 59 6

 

ABC News/Washington Post Poll. Jan. 13-16, 2009. N=1,079 adults nationwide (MoE ± 3), including, with an oversample, 204 blacks (MoE ± 7).

.

"How big a problem is racism in our society today? Is it a big problem, somewhat of a problem, a small problem or not a problem at all?"

.

A Big
Problem
Somewhat of
a Problem
A Small
Problem
Not a
Problem
% % % %

ALL

26 48 22 4

Blacks

44 41 11 4

Whites

22 49 23 5

 

CNN/Opinion Research Corporation Poll. Jan. 12-15, 2009. N=1,245 adults nationwide (MoE ± 3), including 798 non-Hispanic whites (MoE ± 3.5), and, with an oversample, 332 blacks (MoE ± 5.5).

.

"Thinking specifically about the effect of Barack Obama's election as president on relations between blacks and whites in this country, do you think his election is the start of a new era of better race relations, or do you think his election will result in some improvement in race relations, but not start a new era, or do you think his election will create no real change in race relations in this country, or do you think that his election will make race relations worse?"

.

New Era Some
Improvement
No Real
Change
Make Worse Unsure
% % % % %

ALL

28 44 21 6 1

Whites

25 44 24 6 -

Blacks

44 36 13 5 2

.

"Do you think that relations between blacks and whites will always be a problem for the United States, or that a solution will eventually be worked out?"

.

Always a
Problem
Eventually
Worked Out
Unsure    
% % %    

ALL

45 55 1    

Whites

41 59 1    

Blacks

52 47 -    

.

1/14-17/08

ALL

44 55 1    

Whites

43 57 1    

Blacks

52 47 1    

.

"Looking ahead over the next four years, do you think the quality of life for African-Americans will get better, stay about the same, or get worse?"

.

Get Better Stay About
The Same
Get Worse    
% % %    

ALL

52 42 6    

Whites

48 46 5    

Blacks

61 34 4    

.

"As you may know, the Voting Rights Act was passed in the 1960s to prevent state and local governments from using rules and procedures which prevented many blacks from voting. Do you think the Voting Rights Act is necessary today to make sure that blacks are allowed to vote, or do you think the Voting Rights Act is no longer necessary?"

.

Necessary
Today
No Longer
Necessary
Unsure    
% % %    

ALL

52 47 1    

Whites

49 50 1    

Blacks

65 33 1    

 

ABC News Poll. Dec. 19, 2008-Jan. 4, 2009. N=1,146 adults nationwide, including, with an oversample, 236 blacks. MoE ± 3 overall, ± 6.5 for blacks, ± 3.5 for whites.

.

"In your own personal identity do you think of yourself as [respondent's race] first, as an American first, or what?" Options rotated

.

Own Race American Both (vol.) Other (vol.) Unsure
% % % % %

12/19/08 - 1/4/09

ALL

12 78 3 4 3

Blacks

39 51 3 3 5

Whites

5 87 2 3 3

.

9/11-14/08

ALL

15 79 2 3 1

Blacks

45 46 5 3 1

Whites

4 91 - 4 1

.

"If you honestly assessed yourself, would you say that you have at least some feelings of racial prejudice?"

.

Yes No Unsure
% % %

12/19/08 - 1/4/09

ALL

35 64 1

Blacks

38 60 2

Whites

34 65 1

.

6/12-15/08

ALL

30 69 2

Blacks

34 65 1

Whites

30 69 1

 

USA Today/Gallup Poll. Nov. 5, 2008. N=1,036 adults nationwide. MoE ± 3.

.

"As a result of Barack Obama's election, do you think race relations in this country will get a lot better, get a little better, not change, get a little worse, or get a lot worse?" Options rotated

.

Get a Lot
Better
Get a Little
Better
Not Change Get a Little
Worse
Get a Lot
Worse
% % % % %

11/5/08

28

42

17

7

3


 

CBS News/New York Times Poll. July 7-14, 2008. N=1,796 adults nationwide (MoE ± 3), including, with an oversample, 297 blacks (MoE ± 6) and 246 Hispanics (MoE ± 6).

.

"Do you think race relations in the United States are generally good or generally bad?"

.

Good Bad Unsure
% % %
ALL 53 37 10
Whites 55 34 10
Blacks 29 59 12
Hispanics 52 38 10

.

"Do you think race relations in your community are generally good or generally bad?"

.

Good Bad Unsure
% % %
ALL 77 20 3
Whites 79 18 3
Blacks 58 37 5
Hispanics 73 24 4

.

"Have you ever felt you were stopped by the police just because of your race or ethnic background?"

.

Yes No Unsure
% % %
ALL 13 86 -
Whites 7 93 0
Blacks 43 57 0
Hispanics 30 69 1

.

"Was there ever a specific instance when you felt discriminated against because of your race?"

.

Yes No Unsure
% % %
ALL 34 66 -
Whites 26 74 0
Blacks 68 32 0
Hispanics 52 47 1

 

Pew Research Center for the People & the Press survey conducted by Princeton Survey Research Associates International. June 18-29, 2008. N=2,004 adults nationwide. MoE ± 2.5.

.

"In your view, is the growing variety of ethnic and racial groups in the U.S. very good, good, bad or very bad for the country?"

.

Very Good Good Bad Very Bad Unsure
% % % % %

6/18-29/08

19 51 15 7 8

 

ABC News/Washington Post Poll. June 12-15, 2008. N=1,125 adults nationwide (MoE ± 3), including, with an oversample, 201 blacks.

.

"Generally speaking, do you think race relations in the United States are excellent, good, not so good or poor?"

.

Excellent Good Not So Good Poor Unsure
% % % % %

6/12-15/08

4 47 36 12 1

3/92

2 30 45 21 2

.

"Do you think Obama's candidacy will do more to help or more to hurt race relations in this country, or won't it make much of a difference?"

.

Help Hurt Not Much
Difference
Unsure
% % % %

ALL

42 15 40 3

Whites

38 17 43 2

Blacks

60 8 31 2

.

"Do you yourself know any black person / white person whom you consider a fairly close personal friend?" Asked of non-blacks about blacks, asked of blacks about whites

.

Yes No
% %

6/12-15/08

81 18

6/97

74 26

.

"Do you think blacks who live in your community experience racial discrimination, or not?" Asked of those with blacks in their community

.

Yes No Unsure
% % %

ALL

51 47 3

Whites

48 49 3

Blacks

54 44 3

 

Newsweek Poll conducted by Princeton Survey Research Associates International. May 21-22, 2008. N=1,042 white registered voters nationwide. MoE ± 4.

.

"In general, do you approve or disapprove of giving preferences to blacks and other minorities in things like hirings, promotions, and college admissions?"

.

Approve Disapprove Unsure
% % %

5/21-22/08

21 72 7

.

"As a result of such preferences, do you think less qualified people get hired, promoted, or admitted often, sometimes, hardly ever, or never?"

.

Often Sometimes Hardly Ever Never Unsure
% % % % %

5/21-22/08

21 54 14 4 7

.

"Which do you think is a bigger problem in this country today: blacks losing out because of racism, OR whites losing out because of racial preferences?"

.

Blacks
Losing Out
Whites
Losing Out
Neither (vol.) Both Equally
(vol.)
Unsure
% % % % %

5/21-22/08

30 26 14 16 14

.

"Please tell me if you agree or disagree with each of the following statements. The first one is . . . ."

.

Agree Disagree Unsure
% % %

.

"We have gone too far in pushing equal rights in this country"

5/21-22/08

39 57 4

.

"Poor people have become too dependent on government assistance programs"

5/21-22/08

68 28 4

.

"Which of these statements comes closer to your own views, even if neither is exactly right? Racial discrimination is the main reason why many black people can't get ahead these days. OR, Blacks who can't get ahead in this country are mostly responsible for their own condition."

.

Discrimination
Is Main Reason
Responsible for
Own Condition
Neither/Both
Equally (vol.)
Unsure
% % % %

5/21-22/08

18 67 9 6

 

CNN/Essence Magazine/Opinion Research Corporation Poll. March 26-April 2, 2008. N=2,184 adults nationwide (MoE ± 2), including 1,001 non-Hispanic whites (MoE ± 3) and, with an oversample, 1,014 blacks (MoE ± 3).

.

"How serious a problem do you think racial discrimination against blacks is in this country: a very serious problem, a somewhat serious problem, not too serious, or not at all serious?"

.

Very
Serious
Somewhat
Serious
Not Too
Serious
Not at All
Serious
Unsure
% % % % %

ALL adults

17 46 27 9 1

   Whites

11 46 32 10 1

   Blacks

43 44 9 3 -

.

"Do you think the 'I Have a Dream Speech' is still relevant today to people of your generation, or don't you think it matters much to people of your generation today?"

.

Still
Relevant
Doesn't
Matter Much
Unfamiliar with
Speech (vol.)
Unsure  
% % % %  

ALL adults

68 27 4 1  

   Whites

67 27 5 1  

   Blacks

76 23 - -  

.

"Did the life of Martin Luther King influence you a great deal, somewhat, not very much, or not at all?"

.

A Great Deal Somewhat Not Very
Much
Not at All Unsure
% % % % %

ALL adults

25 40 19 16 1

   Whites

17 43 22 19 -

   Blacks

69 24 3 4 -

.

"Do you think the assassination of Martin Luther King was the act of one individual or part of a larger conspiracy?"

.

One
Individual
Larger
Conspiracy
Unsure    
% % %    

ALL adults

33 58 9    

   Whites

40 50 10    

   Blacks

9 88 4    

 

CNN/Opinion Research Corporation Poll. Jan. 14-17, 2008. N=1,393 adults nationwide (MoE ± 3), including 743 non-Hispanic whites (MoE ± 3.5) and 513 blacks (MoE ± 4.5).

.

"Dr. Martin Luther King gave his famous 'I Have a Dream Speech' at a civil rights march in Washington in 1963. In your view, how much of Dr. King's 'dream' that he talked about has been fulfilled today . . . ?"

.

All of It A Great Deal A Moderate
Amount
Not Very
Much
None of It
% % % % %

ALL adults

6 37 45 10 1

   Whites

6 37 47 8 1

   Blacks

7 37 41 14 -

.

"How serious a problem do you think racial discrimination against blacks is where you live: a very serious problem, a somewhat serious problem, not too serious, or not at all serious?"

.

Very Serious Somewhat
Serious
Not Too
Serious
Not at All
Serious
Unsure
% % % % %

ALL adults

8 22 41 29 1

   Whites

4 21 42 32 -

   Blacks

26 35 30 9 -

.

"How serious a problem do you think racial discrimination against blacks is in this country: a very serious problem, a somewhat serious problem, not too serious, or not at all serious?"

.

Very Serious Somewhat
Serious
Not Too
Serious
Not at All
Serious
Unsure
% % % % %

ALL adults

19 44 29 7 1

   Whites

12 45 33 9 1

   Blacks

56 34 9 1 -

.

"On the average, blacks have worse jobs, income and housing than white people. Do you think this is mostly due to discrimination against blacks, or is it mostly due to something else?"

.

Discrimination Something
Else
Unsure    
% % %    

ALL adults

18 80 2    

   Whites

13 85 2    

   Blacks

38 61 2    

.

"In general, do you think whites underestimate the amount of discrimination there is against blacks, or not?"

.

Underestimate Do Not
Underestimate
Unsure    
% % %    

ALL adults

62 37 1    

   Whites

60 39 1    

   Blacks

82 17 1    

.

"In general, do you think blacks overestimate the amount of discrimination against blacks, or not?"

.

Overestimate Do Not
Overestimate
Unsure    
% % %    

ALL adults

70 27 3    

   Whites

72 25 3    

   Blacks

59 41 -    

.

"Looking back over the last ten years, do you think the quality of life for blacks has gotten better, stayed about the same, or gotten worse?"

.

Better Same Worse Unsure  
% % % %  

ALL adults

60 29 9 2  

   Whites

64 27 7 2  

   Blacks

39 40 21 -  

.

"And looking back over the last forty years, do you think the quality of life for blacks has gotten better, stayed about the same, or gotten worse?"

.

Better Same Worse Unsure  
% % % %  

ALL adults

87 9 3 1  

   Whites

91 6 2 1  

   Blacks

71 17 12 -  

 

Quinnipiac University Poll. Aug. 7-13, 2007. N=1,545 registered voters nationwide. MoE ± 2.5.

.

"As you may know, the Supreme Court recently ruled that public schools may not consider an individual's race when deciding which students are assigned to specific schools. Do you agree or disagree with this ruling?"

.

Agree Disagree Unsure
% % %

8/7-13/07

71 24 5

 

ABC News/Washington Post Poll. July 18-21, 2007. N=1,125 adults nationwide. MoE ± 3.

.

"As you may know, the Supreme Court recently restricted how local school boards can use race to assign children to schools. Some argue this is a significant setback for efforts to diversify public schools, others say race should not be used in school assignments. On balance, do you approve or disapprove of this decision?"

.

Approve Disapprove Unsure
% % %

7/18-21/07

40 56 4

 

Newsweek Poll conducted by Princeton Survey Research Associates International. July 2-3, 2007. N=1,002 adults nationwide. MoE ± 4.

.

"Do you approve or disapprove of last week’s Supreme Court decision to limit the use of race for school integration plans?"

.

Approve Disapprove Unsure
% % %
ALL adults 32 36 32
Whites 35 29 36
Non-whites 23 54 23

.

"Do you think race should be allowed as a factor in making decisions about employment and education, or should race not be allowed as a factor?"

.

Allowed Not Allowed Unsure
% % %
ALL adults 14 82 4
Whites 12 86 2
Non-whites 19 75 6

 

ABC News/Washington Post Poll. April 12-15, 2007. N=1,141 adults nationwide (MoE ± 3), including an oversample of blacks for a total of 206 black respondents (MoE ± 7).

.

"Have you ever heard someone make a racially insensitive or insulting remark about African-Americans, or not?" If "Yes": "Were you personally offended by it, or not?"

.

HEARD:
Offended
HEARD:
Sometimes
Offended (vol.)
HEARD:
Not
Offended
Have Not
Heard
 
% % % %  

ALL adults

59 3 23 14  

   Blacks

62 3 19 16  

   Whites

58 3 25 13  

.

"Have you ever heard someone make a racially insensitive or insulting remark about white people, or not?" If "Yes": "Were you personally offended by it, or not?"

.

HEARD:
Offended
HEARD:
Sometimes
Offended (vol.)
HEARD:
Not
Offended
Have Not
Heard
 
% % % %  

ALL adults

50 2 28 20  

   Blacks

57 3 20 20  

   Whites

49 2 29 19  

.

"As you may know, a radio personality named Don Imus has been fired for making a racially insensitive or insulting remark about black women basketball players during his radio show. Do you think Imus should or should not have lost his job over this issue?"

.

Should
Have
Should
Not Have
Unsure    
% % %    

ALL adults

51 45 3    

   Blacks

73 25 2    

   Whites

47 49 3    

 

CNN Poll conducted by Opinion Research Corporation. Dec. 5-7, 2006. N=1,207 adults nationwide (MoE ± 3), including 703 non-Hispanic whites (MoE ± 3.5) and 328 blacks (MoE ± 5).

.

"Do you think only a few white people dislike blacks, many white people dislike blacks, or almost all white people dislike blacks?"

.

A Few Many Almost All Unsure  
% % % %  

ALL adults

65 27 3 5  

Whites

69 24 2 5  

Blacks

51 33 7 9  

 

Gallup Poll. June 8-25, 2006. N=2,032 adults nationwide, including oversamples of Blacks and Hispanics weighted to reflect their proportions in the general population. MoE ± 6.

.

"Do you feel that racial minorities in this country have equal job opportunities as whites, or not?"

.

Do Do Not Unsure  
% % %  

ALL adults

46 53 1  

Non-Hispanic whites

53 47 1  

Blacks

17 81 2  

Hispanics

34 62 3  

 

Diageo/Hotline Poll conducted by Financial Dynamics. Feb. 16-19, 2006. N=807 registered voters nationwide. MoE ± 3.5.

.

"How would you rate the state of race relations in the United States these days? Would you say they are excellent, good, only fair, or poor?"

.

Excellent Good Only fair Poor Unsure
% % % % %
2/16-19/06 3 34 43 17 3

.

"How much progress do you think there has been toward achieving Martin Luther King Jr.'s dream of racial equality in America . . . ?"

.

A Great Deal Some Not Very
Much
None at All Unsure
% % % % %
2/16-19/06 28 54 13 2 3

 

Associated Press/Ipsos poll conducted by Ipsos-Public Affairs. Jan. 9-12, 2006. N=1,242 adults nationwide (MoE ± 3), including, with an oversample, 312 blacks (MoE ± 5.5).

.

"As you may know, Monday, Jan. 16, is Martin Luther King Day. Will you do anything to commemorate Martin Luther King Day this year, or not?"

.

Yes No Unsure  
% % %  
ALL 23 76 1  
  Whites 15 84 1  
  Blacks 60 38 2  

.

"Do you think there has been significant progress toward Martin Luther King's dream of racial equality, or don't you think so?"

.

Has Been
Significant
Progress
Has Not Been
Significant
Progress
Unsure  
% % %  
ALL 75 21 4  
  Whites 78 18 4  
  Blacks 66 32 2  

.

"Do you feel that Martin Luther King Jr.'s birthday should be a national holiday, or not?"

.

Should Should Not Unsure  
% % %  
ALL 73 22 5  
  Whites 67 27 6  
  Blacks 96 3 1  

 

CBS News Poll. Jan. 5-8, 2006. N=1,151 adults nationwide. MoE ± 3.

.

"What do you think should happen to affirmative action programs? Should they be ended now, should they be phased out over the next few years, or should affirmative action programs be continued for the foreseeable future?"

.

Ended Now Phased Out Continued Unsure
% % % %
1/5-8/06 12 33 36 19

 

ABC News Poll. June 8-12, 2005. N=1,117 adults nationwide (MoE ± 3), including, with an oversample, 145 blacks (MoE ± 8).

           

.

"Is your community made up mostly of people of one racial group, or would you say your community is racially mixed?"

           

.

    One Group Mixed Unsure    
    % % %    
 

ALL

29 70 1    
  Whites 32 67 1    
  Blacks 23 77 -    
           

.

"Have you personally ever felt that you were being discriminated against because of your race?"

           

.

    Yes No Unsure    
    % % %    
 

ALL

26 73 -    
  Whites 19 81 0    
  Blacks 54 45 1    

 

Gallup Poll. N=1,385 adults nationwide (MoE ± 3), including, with oversamples, 821 non-Hispanic whites (MoE ± 4), 241 blacks (MoE ± 7), and 266 Hispanics (MoE ± 7). Interviewing was June 12-15, 2003, for non-Hispanic whites, and June 12-18, 2003, for blacks and Hispanics.

.

"Do you generally favor or oppose affirmative action programs for racial minorities?"

Favor Oppose Unsure
% % %
ALL 49 43 8
Non-Hispanic whites 44 49 7
Blacks 70 21 9
Hispanics 63 28 9

.

"Which comes closer to your view about evaluating students for admission into a college or university? Applicants should be admitted solely on the basis of merit, even if that results in few minority students being admitted. OR, An applicant's racial and ethnic background should be considered to help promote diversity on college campuses, even if that means admitting some minority students who otherwise would not be admitted." Options rotated

Solely
Merit
Race/
Ethnicity,
Too
Unsure
% % %
ALL 69 27 4
Non-Hispanic whites 75 22 3
Blacks 44 49 7
Hispanics 59 36 5

.

"If two equally qualified students, one white and one black, applied to a major U.S. college or university, who do you think would have the better chance of being accepted to the college: the white student, the black student [options rotated] -- or would they have the same chance?"

White
Student
Black
Student
Same
Chance
Unsure
% % % %
ALL 31 29 36 4
Non-Hispanic whites 24 34 38 4
Blacks 67 5 24 4
Hispanics 44 14 38 4

.

"Next, we'd like to know how you would rate relations between various groups in the United States these days. Would you say relations between [see below] are very good, somewhat good, somewhat bad, or very bad?" Options rotated

Very
Good
Somewhat
Good
Somewhat
Bad
Very
Bad
No
Opinion
% % % % %
"Whites and blacks"
ALL 10 58 24 6 2
Non-Hispanic whites 10 59 25 5 1
Blacks 9 50 26 13 2
Hispanics 11 57 19 9 4

.

"Whites and Hispanics"
ALL 12 61 20 4 3
Non-Hispanic whites 11 61 22 3 3
Blacks 9 52 24 6 9
Hispanics 16 68 10 5 1

.

"Whites and Asians"
ALL 20 62 11 2 5
Non-Hispanic whites 19 64 11 2 4
Blacks 19 55 15 2 9
Hispanics 19 57 9 3 12

.

"Blacks and Hispanics"
ALL 10 50 26 4 10
Non-Hispanic whites 7 48 29 4 12
Blacks 17 55 19 4 5
Hispanics 16 55 19 7 3

.

"Next we have a question about your own experiences as a black. How often do you feel discriminated against in public life or employment because you are black: every day, every week, about once a month, a few times a year, less than once a year,  or never?" Options rotated

ALL
Blacks
Black
Men
Black
Women
% % %
Every day 18 23 14
Every week 8 4 10
About once a month 13 12 14
Few times a year 25 27 24
Less than once a year 15 14 16
Never 19 17 21
No opinion 2 3 1

.

"Next we have a question about your own experiences as a Hispanic. How often do you feel discriminated against in public life or employment because you are Hispanic: every day, every week, about once a month, a few times a year, less than once a year,  or never?" Options rotated

ALL
Hispanics
Hispanic
Men
Hispanic
Women
% % %
Every day 8 2 15
Every week 2 4 1
About once a month 10 9 11
Few times a year 23 24 22
Less than once a year 16 15 16
Never 41 45 35
No opinion - 1 -

.

"In general, how do you think people in the United States feel about people of other races? Do you think only a few white people dislike blacks, many white people dislike blacks, or almost all white people dislike blacks?"

Only a
Few
Many Almost
All
None
(vol.)
No
Opinion
% % % % %
ALL 60 35 2 1 2
Non-Hispanic whites 62 34 1 1 2
Blacks 51 39 6 1 3
Hispanics 53 38 3 2 4

.

"Do you think only a few black people dislike whites, many black people dislike whites, or almost all black people dislike whites?"

Only a
Few
Many Almost
All
None
(vol.)
No
Opinion
% % % % %
ALL 52 38 6 1 3
Non-Hispanic whites 52 39 5 1 3
Blacks 54 38 5 1 2
Hispanics 53 31 10 1 5

 

Associated Press poll. Feb. 28-March 4, 2003. N=1,013 adults nationwide. MoE ± 3.

.

"Do you think affirmative action programs that provide advantages or preferences for blacks, Hispanics and other minorities in hiring, promoting and college admissions should be continued, or do you think these affirmative action programs should be abolished?"

%

.

Should be continued 53
Should be abolished 35
Don't know 12

.

"On the same topic, do you think affirmative action programs are needed today to help minorities such as black and Hispanics overcome discrimination, or are they not needed today?"

%

.

Are needed 51
Are not needed 43
Don't know 6

.

"How important do you think it is for a college to have a racially diverse student body -- that is a mix of blacks, whites, Asians, Hispanics and other minorities? Is it very important, somewhat important, not too important or not at all important?"

%

.

Very important 50
Somewhat important 30
Not too important 10
Not at all important 10

.

"How close do you think we are to eliminating discrimination against racial and ethnic minorities in America once and for all? Are we very close, fairly close, not too close, or not close at all?"

%

.

Very close 8
Fairly close 30
Not too close 35
Not close at all 24
Don't know 3

.

"Thinking about the effects of racism and affirmative action on this country, which do you think is a bigger problem today: blacks and Hispanics losing out because of racism or whites losing out because of affirmative action?"

%

.

Blacks, Hispanics losing out 44
Whites losing out 30
Don't know 26

 

NBC News/Wall Street Journal Poll conducted by the polling organizations of Peter Hart (D) and Robert Teeter (R). Jan. 19-21, 2003. N=500 adults nationwide.

.

"As you may know, the U.S. Supreme Court will be deciding whether public universities can use race as one of the factors in admissions to increase diversity in the student body. Do you favor or oppose this practice?"

.

%
Favor 26
Oppose 65
Not sure 9

 

Time/CNN Poll conducted by Harris Interactive. Jan. 15-16, 2003. N=1,010 adults nationwide. MoE ± 3.1.

.

"Do you approve or disapprove of affirmative action admissions programs at colleges and law schools that give racial preferences to minority applicants?"
%
Approve 39
Disapprove 54
Not sure 7

 

CNN/USA Today/Gallup Poll.
ALL
: Jan. 25-27, 2002; N=1,011 adults nationwide; MoE ± 3.
WHITES: Jan. 25-27,
2002; N=820 white adults nationwide; MoE ± 4.
BLACKS: Jan. 25-27,
2002, and Feb. 8-10, 2002; N=146 black adults nationwide; MoE ± 9.

.

"As you may know, several companies in business today made profits from slavery prior to the Civil War. Do you think corporations who made profits from slavery in the United States should or should not apologize to black Americans who are descendants of slaves?"

.

Should Should
Not
Unsure    

%

%

%

   
ALL 40 55 5    
Whites 34 62 4    
Blacks 68 23 9    
   

.

"Do you think corporations who made profits from slavery in the United States should or should not make cash payments to black Americans who are descendants of slaves?"

.

Should Should
Not
Unsure    

%

%

%

   
ALL 20 74 6    
Whites 11 84 5    
Blacks 57 35 8    

.

"Do you think corporations who made profits from slavery in the United States should or should not set up scholarship funds for black Americans who are descendants of slaves?"

.

Should Should
Not
Unsure    

%

%

%

   
ALL 43 53 4    
Whites 35 61 4    
Blacks 75 20 5    

.

"Do you think the government should or should not make cash payments to black Americans who are descendants of slaves?"

.

Should Should
Not
Unsure    

%

%

%

   
ALL 14 81 5    
Whites 6 90 4    
Blacks 55 37 8


 

Fox News/Opinion Dynamics Poll. March 28-29, 2001. N=905 registered voters nationwide. MoE ± 3.

.

"Do you think the United States should pay reparations for slavery, that is, pay money to African-Americans who are descendants of slaves?"
%
Yes 11
No 81
Not sure 8

 

ABC News.com Poll. June 28-July 9, 2000. N=2,018 adults nationwide.

.

"Do you think the federal government should or should not apologize to black Americans for the slavery that once existed in this country?"

.

Should Should
Not
Unsure
% % %
ALL 42 49 9
Whites 38 53 8
Blacks 66 24 10

 

CNN/Gallup/USA Today Poll. Jan. 13-16, 2000. N=1,027 adults nationwide. MoE ± 3.

.

"Do you generally favor or oppose affirmative action programs for women and minorities?"
Favor Oppose Unsure
% % %
1/00 58 33 9
11/97 56 36 8
3/95 55 34 11

 

ABC News/Lifetime Television Poll. October 13-19, 1999. N=1,107 adults nationwide, including an oversample of 192 blacks. MoE ± 3.

.

ALL Whites Blacks
% % %
"Do you think blacks are discriminated against in this society a lot, somewhat, a little or not at all?"
A lot 26 22 57
Somewhat 43 46 25
A little 19 21 7
Not at all 11 11 10
No opinion 1 1 1

.

"If you honestly assessed yourself, would you say that you have at least some racist feelings?"
Yes 34 32 40
No 66 67 60

 

Newsweek Poll conducted by Princeton Survey Research Associates. June 25-30, 1999. N=505 Hispanic adults nationwide.

.

ALL 18-34
Years Old
35 &
Older
% % %
"Do you think of yourself mainly as someone from your family's country of origin, such as Mexico, Puerto Rico, Cuba, or some other Latin American country, or mainly as a Hispanic or Latino American, or mainly as simply an American?"
Family's country of origin 22 23 21
Hispanic or Latino American 36 44 30
American 34 28 38
None of these/Other (vol.) 3 1 5
Don't know 5 4 6

.

"Which term do you prefer most for people who are of Spanish or Latin American descent: Hispanic or Latino?"
Hispanic 55 57 53
Latino 22 24 20
Both equally/No difference (vol.) 21 18 24
Don't know 2 1 3

.

"Now I'm going to ask you some questions about the younger generation of Hispanic or Latino Americans. By this, I mean Hispanic or Latino Americans in their 20s and early 30s.

"All in all, do you think the situation for the younger generation of Hispanic or Latino Americans is better, worse, or about the same as their parents' situation was when they were the same age?"

Better 44 49 39
Worse 41 37 45
About the same 12 10 13
Don't know 3 4 3

.

"Do you think the younger generation of Hispanic or Latino Americans faces more, less, or the same amount of prejudice and discrimination as their parents did when they were the same age?"
More 23 23 23
Less 49 55 44
About the same 21 18 23
Don't know 7 4 10

.

Registered Voters
ALL 18-34
Years Old
35 &
Older
% % %
"In politics today, do you consider yourself a Republican, Democrat or independent?"
Democrat 55 46 60
Independent 24 37 18
Republican 19 15 20
Other (vol.) 2 2 2

.

"Based on what you know now, who are you most likely to vote for in the next presidential election: Al Gore, George W. Bush, Bill Bradley, Elizabeth Dole, Dan Quayle, Steve Forbes, or some other candidate?"
Al Gore 29 23 32
George W. Bush 28 31 26
Elizabeth Dole 5 2 6
Bill Bradley 2 3 1
Dan Quayle 1 1 2
Steve Forbes - 0 1
Some other candidate 4 5 4
Don't know 31 35 28

 

Newsweek Poll conducted by Princeton Survey Research Assoc. April 16-19, 1999. N=751 adults nationwide, with an oversample of 200 blacks.

.

ALL Whites Blacks
% % %
"All in all, compared to five years ago, do you think the situation for you and your family is better, worse, or about the same?"
Better 48 48 48
Worse 12 13 8
About the same 39 39 40
Don't know 1 - 4

.

"All in all, compared to five years ago, do you think the situation of black people in this country today is better, worse, or about the same?"
Better 47 49 32
Worse 8 7 13
About the same 40 38 52
Don't know 5 6 3

.

"Thinking ahead five years, do you think the situation of black people will be better, worse, or about the same?"
Better 60 62 44
Worse 6 5 15
About the same 28 27 35
Don't know 6 6 6

.

"Do you think that black Americans will ever be able to close the income gap and earn as much money as white Americans, or not?"
Will be able 67 71 42
Will not be 23 19 49
Don't know 10 10 9

.

"Please tell me how much, if anything, you think each of the following has done to improve conditions for black Americans in recent years. What about [see below]? Have they/Has this done a lot, some, only a little, or nothing to improve conditions for black Americans?"

.

"self-help by black Americans themselves"
A lot 41 40 41
Some 29 31 26
Only a little 17 15 26
Nothing 3 3 3
Don't know 10 11 4

.

"black churches"
A lot 41 40 46
Some 25 26 19
Only a little 13 12 21
Nothing 3 3 4
Don't know 18 19 10

.

"community action"
A lot 31 30 36
Some 31 32 25
Only a little 20 20 24
Nothing 6 6 8
Don't know 12 12 7

.

"welfare-to-work laws"
A lot 28 28 29
Some 29 29 28
Only a little 20 19 24
Nothing 10 11 9
Don't know 13 13 10

.

"a more color-blind society"
A lot 28 28 20
Some 26 27 24
Only a little 21 20 31
Nothing 10 10 14
Don't know 15 15 11

.

"economic conditions"
A lot 24 25 24
Some 36 37 26
Only a little 22 21 32
Nothing 8 7 9
Don't know 10 10 9

.

"affirmative action programs"
A lot 24 22 32
Some 27 29 20
Only a little 21 21 22
Nothing 14 15 10
Don't know 14 13 16

.

"other government social programs"
A lot 18 17 25
Some 28 29 27
Only a little 25 24 29
Nothing 15 15 9
Don't know 14 15 10

.

"the policies of the Clinton Administration"
A lot 17 15 37
Some 26 25 24
Only a little 26 26 22
Nothing 14 15 6
Don't know 17 19 11

.

"In general. how much of a problem do you think each of the following is for black families today? How about [see below]? Is this a big problem for black families today, somewhat of a problem, or not a problem?"

.

"too many teenage girls having children"
Big problem 62 61 78
Somewhat of a problem 29 31 16
Not a problem 4 2 4
Don't know 5 6 2

.

"crime in their neighborhoods"
Big problem 61 60 60
Somewhat of a problem 26 27 24
Not a problem 6 5 11
Don't know 7 8 5

.

"people depending too much on welfare"
Big problem 55 53 63
Somewhat of a problem 31 33 24
Not a problem 9 8 8
Don't know 5 6 5

.

"people not following moral and religious values"
Big problem 52 50 63
Somewhat of a problem 28 29 22
Not a problem 13 14 10
Don't know 7 7 5

.

"drugs and alcoholism"
Big problem 51 50 66
Somewhat of a problem 37 39 24
Not a problem 5 4 4
Don't know 7 7 6

.

"not enough jobs paying decent wages"
Big problem 50 48 68
Somewhat of a problem 33 34 22
Not a problem 12 12 9
Don't know 5 6 1

.

"too many parents never getting married"
Big problem 49 49 51
Somewhat of a problem 29 28 29
Not a problem 15 15 14
Don't know 7 7 6

.

"public schools not providing a good education"
Big problem 44 42 54
Somewhat of a problem 27 27 27
Not a problem 23 24 15
Don't know 6 7 4

.

"racism in society in general"
Big problem 36 31 56
Somewhat of a problem 46 50 30
Not a problem 12 13 6
Don't know 6 6 8

.

"racism in the work place"
Big problem 28 25 46
Somewhat of a problem 41 43 34
Not a problem 21 22 12
Don't know 10 10 8

.

"the government not spending enough on social programs"
Big problem 28 24 52
Somewhat of a problem 32 32 31
Not a problem 30 33 10
Don't know 10 11 7

.

"not enough successful blacks for young people to look up to"
Big problem 26 24 41
Somewhat of a problem 34 35 31
Not a problem 34 35 26
Don't know 6 6 2

 


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