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Serbia/Yugoslavia (3)
All data are from nationwide surveys of Americans 18 & older.

June 1999 polls
May 1999 polls
April 1999 polls -- see below
Feb.-March 1999 polls


Polls listed chronologically.

 

Newsweek Poll conducted by Princeton Survey Research Associates. Latest: April 29-30, 1999. N=751 adults nationwide.

.

"Please tell me whether or not you would support sending U.S. ground troops to Yugoslavia in the following circumstance: To force Yugoslav President Milosevic to agree to a NATO peace plan."
Would Would
Not
Don't
Know
% % %
4/29-30 50 42 8
4/21-22 46 45 9

.

"Now I'd like your opinion about some things that happened recently in the U.S. House of Representatives. What do you think about [see below]? Was this a good thing or a bad thing?"
Good Bad Don't
Know
% % %
"The House saying that the President couldn't order U.S. ground troops into Yugoslavia without first getting congressional approval"
ALL 55 33 12
Republicans 66 25 9
Democrats 53 36 11
Independents 53 39 8

.

"The House refusing to declare its support for the NATO airstrikes against the Serbs"
ALL 33 49 18
Republicans 36 41 23
Democrats 32 56 12
Independents 32 52 16

 

The Gallup Poll. Latest: April 26-27, 1999. N=1,073 adults nationwide. (Trend data from Gallup/CNN/USA Today Poll.)

.

"From what you have heard or read, do you think the Clinton Administration has a clear and well-thought-out policy on the Kosovo situation, or don't you think so?"
Clear
Policy
Don't
Think So
No
Opinion
% % %
4/26-27 38 54 8
4/13-14 41 51 8
4/6-7 39 50 11
3/30-31 46 47 7

.

"Now thinking about the current situation in Kosovo, would you favor or oppose sending U.S. ground troops, along with troops from other NATO countries, to serve in a combat situation in the region right now?"
Favor Oppose No
Opinion
% % %
4/26-27 36 60 4
4/13-14 43 53 4
4/6-7 41 54 5

.

"Do you favor or oppose a NATO oil embargo of Yugoslavia?"
%
Favor 58
Oppose 29
No opinion 13

.

"Do you favor or oppose a call-up of U.S. military reservists to assist in the NATO air war on Yugoslavia?"
%
Favor 46
Oppose 50
No opinion 4

 

ABC News/Washington Post Poll. Latest: April 25-26, 1999. N=757 adults nationwide.

.

"Suppose the bombing does NOT stop Serbia’s military action in Kosovo. Would you support or oppose the United States and its European allies sending in ground troops to try to end the conflict in Kosovo?"
Support Oppose No
Opinion
% % %
4/25-26 56 40 4
4/8 57 39 4
4/5-6 57 39 5
4/5 55 41 4

.

"As you may know, some civilians have been killed in the airstrikes against Serbia by the United States and its European allies. Do you think that the United States and its European allies are not being careful enough to avoid civilian casualties, or do you think these are just unavoidable accidents of war?"
%
Not being careful 19
Unavoidable accidents 78
No opinion 3

.

"As of now, which side do you think is winning the Kosovo conflict: Serbia or the United States and its European allies?"
%
U.S. and allies 47
Serbia 25
Neither/Draw (vol.) 21
No opinion 6

.

"As you may know, the United States is committing additional aircraft to the airstrikes against Serbia, and says it will call up as many as 33,000 members of the military reserves and the National Guard to help support those aircraft. Do you support or oppose this increase in U.S. involvement in the military action against Serbia?"
%
Support 62
Oppose 35
No opinion 3

.

"As you may know, strategy in the military action against Serbia has to be approved by the United States and the European countries in the NATO alliance. How well do you think the NATO allies are working together in deciding how to proceed: very well, somewhat well, somewhat badly or very badly?"
%
Very/Somewhat well 73
Somewhat/Very badly 21
No opinion 6

 

Newsweek Poll conducted by Princeton Survey Research Associates. Latest: April 21-22, 1999. N=757 adults nationwide.

.

"Please tell me whether or not you would support sending U.S. ground troops to Yugoslavia in each of the following circumstances. What about to enforce a NATO peace plan in Kosovo only after Milosevic has agreed to comply with it?"
Would Would
Not
Don't
Know
% % %
4/21-22 59 32 9
4/15-16 63 29 8
4/8-9 58 33 9

 

Gallup/CNN/USA Today Poll. April 21, 1999. N=659 adults nationwide.

.

"In your opinion, should the United States Congress formally declare war against Yugoslavia, or not?"
%
Should declare war 22
Should not 67
No opinion 11

 

NBC News/Wall Street Journal Poll conducted by the polling organizations of Peter Hart (D) and Robert Teeter (R). Latest: April 17-19, 1999. N=1,006 adults nationwide.
.
4/17-19 4/5
% %
"Do you approve or disapprove of the job Bill Clinton is doing in handling the current situation involving Serbia and Kosovo?"
Approve 52 54
Disapprove 37 35
Not sure 11 11
.
"Do you approve or disapprove of the United States and NATO conducting military airstrikes against Serbian targets?"
Approve 60 64
Disapprove 32 27
Not sure 8 9
.
"Do you think that military airstrikes against Serbia will be enough to bring about a resolution to the conflict in Kosovo, or do you think that the U.S. will have to send in ground troops to achieve our objectives?"
Airstrikes enough 14
Ground troops needed 71
Neither/Other (vol.) 7
Not sure 8
.
Half sample:
"Do you think that the U.S. and its NATO allies did or did not misjudge the ability of President Milosevic and the Serb military to withstand airstrikes?"
Did misjudge 66
Did not 22
Not sure 12
.
"With respect to the United States' military involvement in Serbia, do you think that the U.S. should (a) step up its military actions, (b) scale back its military actions, or (c) maintain its current level of military actions?"
Step up 39 37
Scale back 17 19
Maintain current level 35 35
Depends (vol.) 3 3
Not sure 6 6

 

Pew Research Center Poll conducted by Princeton Survey Research Assoc. April 15-18, 1999. N=1,000 adults nationwide.

.

"Do you think the airstrikes will be enough to make Yugoslav President Milosevic comply fully with the peace plan, or do you think NATO ground forces will be required?"
%
Airstrikes enough 19
Ground forces required 65
Don't know 16

 

Newsweek Poll conducted by Princeton Survey Research Associates. April 15-16, 1999. N=751 adults nationwide.

.

"At what point do you think NATO should stop the airstrikes against Serb forces and other targets in Yugoslavia? (A) When Milosevic agrees to all current NATO demands to withdraw his forces from Kosovo and allow the refugees to return home with international peacekeepers. (B) As soon as Milosevic begins to withdraw his forces from Kosovo, even if he hasn't agreed to all of NATO's demands. (C) Immediately, to provide the best conditions for peace negotiations."
%
A. When Milosevic agrees to NATO demands 57
B. When Milosevic begins withdrawing forces 13
C. Immediately 24
Don't know 6

.

"Do you think the recent civilian deaths and casualties that have been linked to NATO airstrikes show that such attacks are too dangerous to continue, or do you think the airstrikes are too important to stop, despite the chances of civilian casualties?"
ALL Men Women
% % %
Too dangerous to continue 26 22 30
Too important to stop 65 72 59
Don't know 9 6 11

 

CBS News Poll. Latest: April 13-14, 1999. N=878 adults nationwide.

.

For this question, current results are from 4/14 only :
"Do you think peace in Yugoslavia is worth the loss of American life and the other costs of attacking Yugoslavia, or not?"
4/14 4/5-6 4/1 3/28 3/24
% % % % %
Worth it 32 44 31 36 34
Not worth it 52 45 52 54 52
Don't know/No answer 16 11 17 10 14

.

ALL Repub-
licans
Demo-
crats
Indepen-
dents
% % % %
"Do you think the current conflict in Kosovo will be over in just a few weeks, or do you think it is more likely to continue for several months, or do you think it's likely to continue for a year or longer?"
Weeks 7 6 11 5
Months 49 47 51 48
Year or longer 37 40 31 39
Don't know/No answer 7 7 7 8

.

"Given what you know right now, which would you prefer the United States and NATO to do in the conflict in Kosovo: (1) send ground troops, or (2), continue the airstrikes but don't send ground troops, or (3) withdraw their forces before becoming more deeply involved?"
Send in ground troops 24 23 25 23
Continue airstrikes 43 46 41 42
Withdraw forces 27 27 27 26
Don't know/No answer 6 4 7 9

 

The Harris Poll. April 8-13, 1999. N=1,006 adults nationwide.

.

"Do you think the U.S. government's bombing Serb targets was the right or the wrong decision?"
ALL Repub-
licans
Demo-
crats
Indepen-
dents
% % % %
Right 61 53 70 61
Wrong 29 40 19 29
Don't know 10 6 11 11
.
"If NATO decides to send in a multinational force to protect the people of Kosovo from the Serbs and the Yugoslav army, would you support or oppose sending U.S. troops into Kosovo as part of this NATO force?"
ALL Repub-
licans
Demo-
crats
Indepen-
dents
% % % %
Support 62 57 67 58
Oppose 31 37 25 37
Don't know 7 6 9 5
.
"Do you agree or disagree with the following statements? . . ."
Agree Dis-
agree
Don't
Know
% % %
"If we don't fight to stop Milosevic and the Serbs now, we will probably have a bigger battle later on."
77 19 5
.
"We must not allow Milosevic and the Serbs to succeed in forcing the Albanians to leave Kosovo."
72 20 8
.
"Kosovo is a European problem which Europe should be able to handle without American troops."
45 52 3
.
"It's not worth risking American lives to bring peace in Kosovo."
41 53 7
.
"Which do you think would be worse: allowing Milosevic and the Serbs to succeed in forcing the Albanians out of Kosovo, or fighting the Serbs and the Yugoslav army to make Kosovo safe for the Albanians who live there?"
ALL Repub-
licans
Demo-
crats
Indepen-
dents
% % % %
Allowing the Albanians to be forced out of Kosovo 50 50 54 46
Fighting the Serbs and the Yugoslav army 40 39 37 46
Don't know 10 10 10 9

 

Newsweek Poll conducted by Princeton Survey Research Associates. Latest: April 8-9, 1999. N=751 adults nationwide.

.

"Do you approve or disapprove of the President's decision to have U.S. military forces join the NATO airstrikes in Yugoslavia over the issues of Kosovo?"
ALL Repub-
licans
Demo-
crats
Indepen-
dents
% % % %
Approve 54 51 65 52
Disapprove 34 41 21 37
Don't know 12 8 14 11

.

"Do you think the airstrikes will be enough to force Yugoslav President Milosevic to agree to a NATO peace plan, or do you think ground forces will be required?"
%
Airstrikes enough 15
Ground forces required 71
Don't know 14

.

"Milosevic has called for a cease-fire to hostilities in Kosovo. NATO has rejected this offer and has continued its airstrikes on Yugoslavia. Do you think NATO is doing the right thing by ignoring this offer, or not?"
ALL Repub-
licans
Demo-
crats
Indepen-
dents
% % % %
Yes 64 64 69 61
No 23 24 17 28
Don't know 13 12 14 11

.

"Please tell me whether you think each of the following should or should not be a goal of U.S. policy in Yugoslavia. (First,) should this be a goal: [see below]?"
Should Should
Not
Don't
Know
% % %
"To guarantee the return of ethnic Albanian refugees to their former homes in Kosovo"
4/8-9 87 9 4
4/1-2 78 15 7

.

"To partition Kosovo and protect safe havens for the ethnic Albanians still there"
4/8-9 75 14 11
4/1-2 75 17 8

.

"To defeat the Serbian army and remove Milosevic from power"
4/8-9 73 22 5

.

"Would you support a semi-permanent peacekeeping force in Kosovo and other troubled areas in the Balkans?"

ALL Repub-
licans
Demo-
crats
Indepen-
dents
% % % %
Yes 65 60 73 65
No 28 36 21 28
Don't know 7 4 6 7

 

Fox News/Opinion Dynamics Poll. Latest: April 7-8, 1999. N=921 registered voters nationwide.

.

"Do you think U.S. ground troops will need to be used to achieve our objectives in Kosovo?"
%
Yes 59
No 29
Not sure 12

.

"If a peace treaty is signed in Kosovo do you think the U.S. should send ground troops to help enforce the peace?"
4/7-8 3/24-25
% %
Yes 60 48
No 34 43
Not sure 6 9

.

"Do you favor or oppose the use of U.S. ground troops to protect Albanian refugees?"
%
Favor 63
Oppose 27
Not sure 10

 

Gallup/CNN/USA Today Poll. April 6-7, 1999. N=1,055 adults nationwide.

.

"Now thinking about the current situation in Kosovo, would you favor or oppose sending U.S. ground troops, along with troops from other NATO countries, to serve in a combat situation in the region right now?"
%
Favor 41
Oppose 54
No opinion 5

.

"What is your best guess about the future of U.S. military involvement in Kosovo? Do you think U.S. ground troops will or will not be sent to Kosovo?"
%
Will be 78
Will not be 15
No opinion 7

.

"Do you think the United States does or does not have a moral obligation to use U.S. ground troops to help the refugees from Kosovo return to their homes and live in peace?"
%
Does 69
Does not 26
No opinion 5

 

ABC News/Washington Post Poll. Latest: April 5-6, 1999. N=1,011 adults nationwide.

.

4/5-6 4/5
% %
"So far, would you say the conflict in Serbia is going better than you expected for the United States and its allies, worse than expected, or is it going about the way you expected?"
Better 5 3
Worse 32 34
About as expected 57 57
No opinion 6 6

.

"Do you feel you have a good understanding of what America and its allies are attempting to accomplish by attacking Serbia, or not?"
Yes 66 70
No 31 29
No opinion 2 2

.

"Suppose the bombing does NOT stop Serbia’s military action in Kosovo. Would you support or oppose the United States and its European allies sending in ground troops to try to end the conflict in Kosovo?"
Support 57 55
Oppose 39 41
No opinion 5 4

.

"Just your best guess, do you think airstrikes WILL be enough to stop Serbia from continuing its attacks in Kosovo, or do you think ground troops will have to be sent in to try to end the conflict?"
Airstrikes will be enough 27 25
Ground troops needed 66 68
No opinion 7 7
.
"In addition to participating in the allied bombing of Serbia, the United States is now sending combat helicopters to attack Serbian troops in Kosovo. Do you see this as part of the airstrikes against Serbia, or do you see it as a first step in a ground war?"
Part of airstrikes 39
First step in ground war 55
No opinion 6
.
"Please tell me if you agree or disagree with the following statement: It would be worth the loss of some American soldiers' lives if the United States could help bring peace to Kosovo."
Worth it 45
Not worth it 52
No opinion 4
.
"Would you support or oppose the United States and its European allies sending ground troops into Serbia to try to remove Serbian leader Slobodan Milosevic from power?"
Support 61
Oppose 36
No opinion 3
.
"Do you think Slobodan Milosevic should be put on trial for war crimes, or not?"
Yes 86
No 9
No opinion 6
.
"How much do you trust President Clinton to make the right decisions about the military confrontation in Serbia? Do you trust him a lot, a good amount, only a little, or not at all?"
A lot 29
A good amount 28
Only a little 24
Not at all 18
No opinion 1

 

CBS News/New York Times Poll. Latest: April 5-6, 1999. N=811 adults nationwide.

.

"Do you think the United States has a responsibility to do something about the fighting between Serbs and ethnic Albanians in Kosovo, or doesn't the United States have this responsibility?"
4/5-6 4/1 3/28 3/24
% % % %
Has responsibility 54 53 50 56
Doesn't have 37 37 40 32
Don't know/No answer 9 10 10 12

 

NBC News/Wall Street Journal Poll conducted by the polling organizations of Peter Hart (D) and Robert Teeter (R). April 5, 1999. N=503 adults nationwide.
.
ALL Demo-
crats
Indepen-
dents
Repub-
licans
% % % %
"Would you favor or oppose a decision to send U.S. and NATO soldiers into Serbia if the Serbs continue to drive people out of Kosovo?"
Favor 53 58 56 48
Oppose 38 29 38 47
Not sure 9 13 6 5
.
"As you may know, hundreds of thousands of civilians have been forced to leave Kosovo. Do you think that the United States should or should not accept some of these Kosovar refugees?"
Should 66 75 58 63
Should not 26 20 32 28
Depends (vol.) 3 1 6 3
Not sure 5 4 4 6

 

ABC News/Washington Post Poll. April 5, 1999. N=509 adults nationwide.

.

"Do you feel you have a good understanding of what America and its allies are attempting to accomplish by attacking Serbia, or not?"
%
Yes 70
No 29
No opinion 2

 

Newsweek Poll conducted by Princeton Survey Research Associates. Latest: April 1-2, 1999. N=750 adults nationwide.

.

"Do you approve or disapprove of the President's decision to have U.S. military forces join the NATO airstrikes in Yugoslavia to support the peace plan for the Kosovo province?"
ALL Repub-
licans
Demo-
crats
Indepen-
dents
% % % %
Approve 58 49 69 59
Disapprove 30 41 17 31
Don't know 12 10 14 10

.

"Do you think the airstrikes will be enough to make Yugoslav President Milosevic comply fully with the peace plan, or do you think NATO ground forces will be required?"
4/1-2 3/25-26
% %
Airstrikes enough 12 21
Ground forces required 71 60
Don't know 17 19

.

"Please tell me whether or not you would support sending U.S. ground troops to Yugoslavia in each of the following circumstances. What about [see below]?"
Would Would
Not
Don't
Know
% % %
"To force Milosevic to comply fully with the peace plan"
4/1-2 54 37 9
3/25-26 47 46 7

.

"To monitor the peace plan in Kosovo only after Milosevic has agreed to comply fully"
4/1-2 63 28 9
3/25-26 59 33 8

.

"To rescue American prisoners of war"
4/1-2 83 13 4

.

"On balance, do you think the U.S.-NATO bombing campaign is making things better or worse for the ethnic Albanians in Kosovo -- or do you think it's not having much effect either way?"
%
Better 15
Worse 44
No difference 29
Don't know 12

.

"From what you know about the situation in Kosovo, do you consider the Serbian attacks on ethnic Albanians to be a form of genocide, or not?"
4/1-2 3/25-26
% %
Yes 62 60
No 21 23
Don't know 17 17

.

"In your opinion, how likely is it that the Russians will get militarily involved in Yugoslavia to help their Serbian allies? Do you think this is very likely, somewhat likely, not too likely, or not at all likely?"
%
Very likely 15
Somewhat likely 32
Not too likely 32
Not at all likely 16
Don't know 5

.

"Please tell me whether you agree or disagree with each of the following statements about U.S. policy towards Yugoslavia. (First,) do you agree or disagree that [see below]?"
Agree Disagree Don't
Know
% % %
"The White House did not think through a clear end-game strategy to the military action in Yugoslavia"
55 34 11

.

"The bombing policy was the best option available given the lack of majority public support for using ground forces"
64 28 8

.

"The White House made a mistake in announcing at the start that it was not planning to use ground forces"
60 30 10

.

"The White House was wrong to go ahead with a military action based solely on air power"
48 42 10

.

"The U.S. is headed for disaster in Yugoslavia"
42 49 9

 


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