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     Iraq  (p. 17)


All data are from nationwide surveys of Americans 18 & older. Polls listed chronologically.

.

.

Newsweek Poll conducted by Princeton Survey Research Associates. March 27-28, 2003. N=1,004 adults nationwide. MoE ± 3.

.

"Please tell me which ONE of the following two options you would choose for U.S. military action in the Iraq war, if it were up to you. More aggressive military action that would increase the risk of high Iraqi civilian casualties but might lead to a shorter war. More safeguards that would reduce the risk of high Iraqi civilian casualties but might lead to a longer war."

ALL Men Women

.

% % %

.

More aggressive military action 40 45 36
More safeguards 50 48 52
Don't know 10 7 12

.

"Now that the United States has taken military action against Iraq, do you think [see below]?"

Yes No Don't
Know
% % %
"It will create serious divisions between the U.S. and its allies"
3/27-28/03 55 38 7

.

"It will cause serious problems for the U.S. throughout the Arab world"
3/27-28/03 62 30 8

.

"Iraq will retaliate by using biological or chemical weapons against Israel"
3/27-28/03 51 33 16

.

"Iraq will retaliate by using biological or chemical weapons against the United States"
3/27-28/03 68 22 10

.

"It will inspire terrorist attacks against American citizens"
3/27-28/03 73 22 5

.

"It will start a peace or protest movement like the one during the time of the Vietnam War"
3/27-28/03 58 31 11

.

"It will lead to reinstatement of a military draft in this country"

3/27-28/03 32 60 8

.

"Now that the United States has taken military action against Iraq, how worried are you about the war [see below]? Are you very worried, somewhat worried, not too worried, or not at all worried?"

Very
Worried
Some-
what
Worried
Not Too
Worried
Not
At All
Worried
Don't
Know
% % % % %

"Leading to a bigger war in the Middle East involving Israel and the Arab countries"

3/27-28/03 20 29 28 19 4

.

"Seriously hurting the U.S. economy"
3/27-28/03 29 29 23 17 2

.

"Distracting the U.S. from pressing problems at home"
3/27-28/03 25 30 23 20 2

.

"Leading to terrorism against U.S. citizens at home"
3/27-28/03 29 37 20 12 2

 

ABC News/Washington Post Poll. March 27, 2003. N=508 adults nationwide. MoE ± 4.5. Fieldwork by TNS Intersearch.

.

"Do you approve or disapprove of the way Bush is handling the situation with Iraq and Saddam Hussein?"

Approve Disap-
prove
No
Opinion
% % %
3/27/03 69 26 5
3/23/03 71 26 3
3/20/03 65 29 5
3/17/03 64 29 7
3/5-9/03 55 38 8
2/19-23/03 55 39 6
2/6-9/03 61 37 2
2/5/03 61 32 7
1/30 - 2/1/03 61 35 3
1/28/03 58 38 4
1/27/03 57 40 3
1/16-20/03 50 46 4
12/02 58 37 5
10/02 57 38 5
9/12-14/02 65 31 4
8/29/02 52 36 12

.

"Is the Iraqi resistance tougher than you expected, weaker than you expected, or about what you expected it to be?"

Tougher Weaker As
Expected
No
Opinion
% % % %
3/27/03 28 9 60 3
3/23/03 12 24 57 6

.

"What do you think are the chances the United States will get bogged down in a drawn-out war in Iraq? Do you think that's very likely, fairly likely, fairly unlikely or very unlikely?"

Very
Likely
Fairly
Likely
Fairly
Unlikely
Very
Unlikely
No
Opinion
% % % % %
3/27/03 14 25 31 27 3

.

"Who do you think should take the leading role in rebuilding Iraq and helping its people set up a new government there after the war: the United States or the United Nations?"

United
States
United
Nations
Neither
(vol.)
Both
(vol.)
No
Opinion
% % % % %
3/27/03 31 61 3 3 2

 

Time/CNN Poll conducted by Harris Interactive. March 27, 2003. N=1,014 adults nationwide. MoE ± 3.1.

.

"Next, I'm going to read you the names of some people in the news today. Please tell me whether you have generally favorable or generally unfavorable impressions of each, or whether you are not familiar enough to say one way or another. . . ."

.

Favor-
able

Unfav-
orable

Not
Fam-
iliar

Not
Sure

.

%

%

%

%

British Prime Minister Tony Blair 72 10 16 2
George W. Bush 67 30 2 1
Secretary of Defense Donald Rumsfeld 63 20 15 2
General Tommy Franks 59 6 33 2
Russian President Vladimir Putin 15 46 35 4
French President Jacques Chirac 12 57 29 2

.

"In your view, was the U.S. government too optimistic in what it told the public was likely to happen in the war with Iraq, or don't you think it was too optimistic?"

%

Too optimistic

55

Not too optimistic

38

Not sure

7

.

"In the long run, do you think that the U.S. war against Iraq will result in a strengthening of this country's position in the world or a weakening of the country's position in the world?"

Strength-
ening

Weak-
ening

No
Differ-
ence
(vol.)

Not
Sure

%

%

%

%

3/03

58

30

3

9

.

"Do you think the U.S. will or will not find weapons of mass destruction in Iraq?"

Will

Will
Not

Not
Sure

%

%

%

3/03

77

17

6

.

"Do you think the Iraqis are treating U.S. prisoners of war appropriately or inappropriately?"

Appro-
priately

Inappro-
priately

Not
Sure

%

%

%

3/03

10

81

9

.

"Do you think the U.S. is treating Iraqi prisoners of war appropriately or inappropriately?"

Appro-
priately

Inappro-
priately

Not
Sure

%

%

%

3/03

83

9

8


 

CBS News Poll. March 26-27, 2003. N=868 adults nationwide. MoE ± 3.

.

"Do you approve or disapprove of the way George W. Bush is handling the situation with Iraq?"

Approve Disap-
prove
Don't
Know
% % %
3/26-27/03 69 27 4
3/24/03 71 24 5
3/23/03 75 22 3
3/22/03 72 23 5
3/20-21/03 69 25 6
3/15-16/03 55 41 4
3/7-9/03 51 42 7
3/4-5/03 54 39 7
2/24-25/03 52 44 4
2/10-12/03 53 42 5

.

"Do you approve or disapprove of the United States taking military action against Iraq to try to remove Saddam Hussein from power?"

Approve Disap-
prove
Don't
Know
% % %
3/26-27/03 77 19 4
3/24/03 75 23 2
3/23/03 80 17 3
3/22/03 76 22 2
3/20-21/03 76 20 4
3/15-16/03 67 29 4
3/7-9/03 66 30 4
3/4-5/03 69 26 5
2/24-25/03 66 29 5
2/10-12/03 66 29 5
2/5-6/03 70 21 9
1/03 64 30 6
11/02 70 23 7
10/27-31/02 64 25 11
10/3-5/02 67 27 5
9/22-23/02 68 26 6
9/2-5/02 68 24 8

.

"Do you think removing Saddam Hussein from power is worth the potential loss of American life and the other costs of attacking Iraq, or not?"

Worth
It
Not
Worth It
Don't
Know
% % %
3/26-27/03 62 28 10
3/24/03 63 29 8
3/23/03 66 28 6
3/22/03 66 27 7
3/20-21/03 62 30 8
3/15-16/03 54 40 6
3/7-9/03 50 43 7
3/4-5/03 52 38 10
2/10-12/03 51 40 9
10/27-31/02 49 38 13
10/3-5/02 53 37 9
9/22-23/02 57 33 10
9/2-5/02 54 35 11

.

"Regarding the war with Iraq, which of the following do you think is most likely: a fairly quick and successful effort, or a long and costly involvement?"

Quick,
Successful
Long,
Costly
Don't
Know
% % %
3/26-27/03 41 50 9
3/24/03 43 53 4
3/23/03 53 43 4
3/20-22/03 62 32 6
3/20-21/03 62 33 5

.

.

"Do you think the war with Iraq is more likely to be over in just a few weeks, or do you think it is more likely to continue for many months?"

Few
Weeks
Many
Months
Don't
Know
% % %
3/26-27/03 27 66 7
3/24/03 34 62 4
3/23/03 42 53 5
3/20-22/03 53 42 5
3/20-21/03 53 42 5

.

"What is your impression of how the war in Iraq is going for the United States right now: very well, somewhat well, somewhat badly, or very badly?"

Very
Well
Some-
what
Well
Some-
what
Badly
Very
Badly
Don't
Know
% % % % %
3/26-27/03 34 51 9 3 3
3/24/03 32 52 11 2 3
3/23/03 44 44 7 2 3

.

"Do you think the U.S. correctly assessed how much resistance there would be from the Iraqi army, or did the U.S. underestimate the Iraqi army?"

Correctly
Assessed
Under-
estimated
Over-
estimated
(vol.)
Don't
Know
% % % %
3/26-27/03 37 55 1 7

.

"Would you say you feel proud about what the U.S. is doing in the war with Iraq or not proud about what the U.S. is doing?"

Proud Not
Proud
Don't
Know
% % %
3/26-27/03 73 20 7
3/24/03 65 27 8
3/23/03 69 23 8
3/20-22/03 63 28 9
3/20-21/03 64 28 8
1/19/91 48 38 9

.

"Do you think Americans who oppose the war should be able to hold protest marches and rallies or does that hurt the war effort?"

Should
Be Able
Hurts
War
Effort
Both
(vol.)
Don't
Know
% % % %
3/26-27/03 57 32 6 5
3/22/03 59 29 8 4
3/20-21/03 64 27 5 4
1/19/91 48 38 9 5

.

"In the military action against Iraq so far, do you think the U.S. military has used the right amount of force against Iraq, has used too much force, or should the U.S. military use even more force against Iraq?"

Right
Amount
Too
Much
More Don't
Know
% % % %
3/26-27/03 37 5 48 10
3/24/03 45 7 36 12
3/23/03 53 5 33 9
3/22/03 58 10 20 12

.

"Which of these comes closest to your opinion? Iraq was a threat to the United States that required military action now. OR, Iraq was a threat to the United States that could have been contained. OR, Iraq was not a threat to the United States at all."

3/26-27/03 3/24/03 3/23/03

.

% % %

.

Required military action now 56 58 61
Could have been contained 30 28 32
Not a threat at all 9 10 5
Don't know 5 4 2

 

FOX News/Opinion Dynamics Poll. March 25-26, 2003. N=900 registered voters nationwide. MoE ± 3.

.

"How well do you think the war with Iraq is going for the United States and coalition allies . . . ?"

Very
Well
Some-
what
Well
Not
Very
Well
Not
At All
Well
Not
Sure
% % % % %
3/25-26/03 37 46 9 2 6

.

"Have the Iraqi troops been fighting back more than you expected, less than you expected or is the Iraqi resistance about what you expected?"

More Less As
Expected
Not
Sure
% % % %
3/25-26/03 18 15 60 7

.

"Do you think U.S. military attacks on Iraq have been too aggressive, not aggressive enough or about right?"

Too
Aggres-
sive
Not
Aggres-
sive
Enough
About
Right
Not
Sure
% % % %
3/25-26/03 6 29 58 7

.

"Do you think military action in Iraq will be over in weeks, months, a year, or is the end more than a year away?"

Weeks Months A Year More
Than a
Year
Not
Sure
% % % % %
3/25-26/03 17 53 10 11 9

.

"Does the U.S. military action in Iraq make you feel safer, because action is being taken against terrorists, or less safe, because it might provoke more attacks by terrorists?"

Safer Less
Safe
Both/
Mix (vol.)
Not
Sure
% % % %
3/25-26/03 48 34 10 8

.

"How much do you trust the Pentagon to tell the whole truth about the U.S. military's progress in the war with Iraq . . . ?"

A Lot Some Not
Much
Not
At All
Not
Sure
% % % % %
3/25-26/03 28 43 14 10 5

.

"Overall, do you approve or disapprove of the way newspapers and television channels have been reporting on the war in Iraq?"

Approve Disap-
prove
Not
Sure
% % %
3/25-26/03 56 33 11

.

"Do you think news coverage of the war in Iraq has generally been more pro-war, more anti-war or has it generally been balanced?"

Pro-
War
Anti-
War
Balanced Depends
(vol.)
Not
Sure
% % % % %
3/25-26/03 27 8 53 6 6

 

CNN/USA Today/Gallup Poll. March 24-25, 2003. N=1,008 adults nationwide. MoE ± 3 (total sample).

.

"Do you approve or disapprove of the way George W. Bush is handling the situation with Iraq?" Gallup Poll News Service question

Approve Disap-
prove
No
Opinion
% % %
3/24-25/03 71 26 3
3/14-15/03 56 41 3
1/31 - 2/2/03 54 42 4
1/3-5/03 55 40 5
12/9-10/02 55 39 6
10/21-22/02 52 40 8

.

"In view of the developments since we first sent our troops to Iraq, do you think the United States made a mistake in sending troops to Iraq, or not?" Form A (N=492, MoE ± 5)

Yes No No
Opinion
% % %
3/24-25/03 23 75 2

 

CBS News/New York Times Poll. March 24, 2003. N=427 adults nationwide. MoE ± 5.

.

"In the war with Iraq, how many American soldiers do you expect to lose their lives: under one thousand, between one thousand and five thousand, or more than that?"

Under
1,000
1,000 to
5,000
More Don't
Know
% % % %
3/24/03 62 19 7 12
3/23/03 67 19 5 9
3/20-22/03 67 14 7 12
3/20-21/03 66 14 7 13
3/22/03 58 10 20 12

 

CNN/USA Today/Gallup Poll. March 22-23, 2003. N=1,020 adults nationwide. MoE ± 3 (total sample).

.

"How long do you think the war in Iraq will last? Do you think it will last a week, or less than a month, one to three months, or four to six months, or seven months to a year, or do you think the war in Iraq will last longer than that?"

%
1 week 3
Less than 1 month 25
1-3 months 35
4-6 months 17
7 months-1 year 9
Longer 7
No opinion 4

.

"Now that the U.S. has taken military action against Iraq, do you think that the number of Americans killed and injured will be less than 100, several hundred, up to a thousand, several thousand, or tens of thousands?"

%
Less than 100 41
Several hundred 34
Up to 1,000 12
Several thousand 5
Tens of thousands 1
No opinion 7

.

"How likely is it that the U.S. will find conclusive evidence that Iraq has weapons of mass destruction or the facilities to develop them: very likely, somewhat likely, not too likely, or not at all likely?"

Very
Likely
Some-
what
Likely
Not
Too
Likely
Not
At All
Likely
No
Opinion
% % % % %
3/03 59 28 10 2 1

.

"Which comes closest to your view about the war with Iraq: it is justified only if the U.S. finds conclusive evidence that Iraq has weapons of mass destruction, it is justified even if the U.S. DOES NOT find conclusive evidence that Iraq has weapons of mass destruction, or it is not justified even if the U.S. finds conclusive evidence that Iraq has weapons of mass destruction?" Options were rotated. March 23 only (N=518, MoE ± 5)

%

.

Justified only if found 41
Justified even if not found 38
Not justified even if found 15
No opinion 6

 

CBS News/New York Times Poll. March 22, 2003. N=516 adults nationwide. MoE ± 4.

.

"Do you think the United States military is holding back information about mistakes and setbacks in the war against Iraq, or do you think the military is giving an accurate account of how the war is going?"

Holding
Back
Accurate
Account
Don't
Know
% % %
3/22/03 44 48 8

.

"Do you think Democratic presidential candidates who oppose the war with Iraq should speak out at this time or does that hurt the war effort?"

Should
Speak
Out
Hurts
War
Effort
Both
(vol.)
Don't
Know
% % % %
3/22/03 32 55 3 10

 

ABC News/Washington Post Poll. March 20, 2003. N=506 adults nationwide. MoE ± 4.5. Fieldwork by TNS Intersearch.

.

"As you may know, the United States went to war with Iraq last night. Do you support or oppose the United States having gone to war with Iraq?"

Support Oppose No
Opinion
% % %
3/20/03 72 26 2

.

Asked of those who answered "Support":
"Would you say you support the troops AND you support the Bush Administration's policy on Iraq; OR, would you say you support the troops, but you OPPOSE the Bush Administration's policy on Iraq?"
Options were rotated

Support
Policy
Oppose
Policy
Other
(vol.)
No
Opinion
% % % %
3/20/03 78 20 1 1

.

"Do you think the United States did enough to seek a diplomatic solution before going to war with Iraq, or not?"

Did
Enough
Did Not No
Opinion
% % %
3/20/03 67 31 2

.

"Do you think the United States has to kill or capture Saddam Hussein for the war in Iraq to be a success, OR do you think the war in Iraq can be a success if Saddam Hussein is removed from power, but not killed or captured?" Options were rotated

Must
Capture
or Kill
Remove
Only
No
Opinion
% % %
3/20/03 49 43 7

.

"Do you think the United States should strike Iraqi military targets even if they're located in areas where civilians might be killed, OR should the United States avoid striking Iraqi military targets located in civilian areas?" Options were rotated

Strike Avoid No
Opinion
% % %
3/20/03 49 42 9

.

"Would you support or oppose having the United States attack Iraq with nuclear weapons if Iraq attacked U.S. forces with biological or chemical weapons?"

Support Oppose No
Opinion
% % %
3/20/03 45 48 7
12/02 60 37 3

.

"Just your best guess, how long do you think the war with Iraq will last: days, weeks, months, about a year, or longer than that?"
%
Days 8
Weeks 31
Months 37
About a year 8
Longer 10
No opinion 5

.

"Do you think there will or will not be a significant number of U.S. military casualties in the war with Iraq?"

Will Will Not No
Opinion
% % %
3/20/03 37 55 8

.

"Do you think the United States will be able to justify this war ONLY if it finds weapons of mass destruction, such as chemical or biological weapons, in Iraq; or do you think the United States will be able to justify this war for other reasons, even if it does NOT find weapons of mass destruction in Iraq?"
Only if
Find
WMD
Even if
Don't Find
WMD
Neither/
No Justifi-
cation (vol.)
No
Opinion
% % % %
3/20/03 35 53 7 6

 

ABC News/Washington Post Poll. March 17, 2003. N=510 adults nationwide. MoE ± 4.5. Fieldwork by TNS Intersearch.

.

"Would you support or oppose the United States going to war with Iraq?"

Support Oppose No
Opinion
% % %
3/17/03 71 27 3
3/5-9/03 59 35 6

.

"Do you think the Bush Administration has or has not done enough to try to win support from other countries for taking military action against Iraq?"

Has Has Not No
Opinion
% % %
3/17/03 72 25 3

.

"In the short term, do you think going to war with Iraq will increase or decrease the risk of further terrorism in the United States?"

Increase Decrease No Differ-
ence
(vol.)
No
Opinion
% % % %
3/17/03 62 26 7 4

.

"In the long term, do you think going to war with Iraq will increase or decrease the risk of further terrorism in the United States?"

Increase Decrease No Differ-
ence
(vol.)
No
Opinion
% % % %
3/17/03 39 48 6 6

 

NBC News/Wall Street Journal Poll conducted by the polling organizations of Peter Hart (D) and Robert Teeter (R). March 17, 2003. N=506 adults nationwide. MoE ± 4.4.

.

"Do you think that the United States should or should not take military action to remove Saddam Hussein from power in Iraq?"
Should Should
Not
Not
Sure
% % %
3/03 65 30 5
2/03 60 27 13
1/03 56 36 8
12/02 59 30 11
9/02 58 30 12

.

"Let me read you some expectations the United States might have of a war with Iraq, and for each one, please tell me whether you think that it is a realistic expectation of a war with Iraq, or is not a realistic expectation of a war with Iraq. . . ."

Realistic Not
Realistic
Not
Sure
% % %
"Saddam Hussein will be removed from power"
79 15 6

.

.

"Iraq will be disarmed of weapons of mass destruction"

73 21 6

.

.

"The world's oil supply will be protected"
51 36 13

.

.

"Stability will be increased in the Middle East"
44 46 10

.

.

"A democracy will be created in Iraq"
42 44 14

.

.

"The threat of terrorism worldwide will be reduced"
42 50 8

.

.

"If the United States took military action against Iraq to remove Saddam Hussein from power, do you think the threat of terrorism in the United States would increase, decrease, or stay about the same?"
Increase Decrease Stay the
Same
Not
Sure
% % % %
3/03 52 16 29 3
1/03 55 10 32 3
12/02 55 9 35 1

 

CBS News Poll. March 15-16, 2003. N=1,049 adults nationwide. MoE ± 3 (total sample).

.

"Do you think the Bush Administration has presented enough evidence to show that military action against Iraq is necessary right now, or haven't they done that yet?"

Has Have
Not
Don't
Know
% % %
3/15-16/03 56 39 5
3/7-9/03 52 43 5
3/4-5/03 47 44 9

.

"Should the United States take military action against Iraq fairly soon, or should the United States wait and give the United Nations and weapons inspectors more time?"

Act
Fairly
Soon
Give UN
More
Time
Don't
Know
% % %
ALL 46 49 5
Republicans 65 30 5
Democrats 34 64 2
Independents 44 49 7
Trend:.
3/7-9/03 44 52 4
3/4-5/03 35 60 5
2/24-25/03 36 62 2
2/10-12/03 37 59 4

.

"Which of these comes closer to your point of view about the U.S. taking military action against Iraq? (1) The United States should take military action against Iraq even if the United Nations opposes that action. (2) The United States should take military action ONLY if the United Nations supports the action. OR, (3) The United States should not take military action against Iraq at all."

Even if
UN
Opposes
Only if
UN
Supports
Not
At All
Don't
Know
% % % %
ALL 49 40 9 2
Republicans 73 23 2 2
Democrats 34 51 14 1
Independents 45 42 11 2

.

"What if the UN Security Council votes against taking military action against Iraq? Would you approve or disapprove of the U.S. taking military action against Iraq if the UN votes against such action?"

Approve Disap-
prove
Don't
Know
% % %
ALL 54 40 6
Republicans 74 20 6
Democrats 40 54 6
Independents 52 41 7

.

“How do you think a war with Iraq would affect the U.S. economy -- would it make the economy better, or would it make it worse, or would the economy be about the same as it is now?”

Better Worse Same Don't
Know
% % % %
3/15-16/03 22 45 27

6

3/7-9/03 21 40 33

6

.

"If the United States takes military action against Iraq, do you think the threat of terrorism against the United States will increase, decrease, or stay about the same?"

Increase Decrease Same Don't
Know
% % % %
3/15-16/03 54 11 32

3

3/7-9/03 55 12 30

3

3/4-5/03 55 13 29 3
2/10-12/03 59 12 27 2
1/03 62 8 28 2

.

"Which do you think is more likely to lead to terrorist attacks against the U.S.: if the U.S. DOES take military action against Iraq, or if the U.S. DOES NOT take military action against Iraq?"

Takes
Action
Doesn't
Take
Action
Both
Equally
(vol.)
Neither
(vol.)
Don't
Know
% % % % %
3/15-16/03 46 34 10 3

7

.

"Some people say that they like the way George W. Bush talks about his strong religious beliefs when he discusses the possibility of military action against Iraq. Others say that this bothers them somewhat. What about you? Do you like the way George W. Bush talks about his religious beliefs when discussing military action against Iraq, or does this bother you somewhat?"

Like It Bothered
By It
Don't
Know
% % %
ALL 48 38 14
Republicans 67 17 16
Democrats 35 51 14
Independents 46 41 13

 

CNN/USA Today/Gallup Poll. March 14-15, 2003. N=1,007 adults nationwide. MoE ± 3 (total sample).

.

"Would you favor or oppose invading Iraq with U.S. ground troops in an attempt to remove Saddam Hussein from power?" Form A (N=488, MoE ± 5)

Favor Oppose No
Opinion
% % %
3/14-15/03 64 33 3
3/3-5/03 59 37 4
2/24-26/03 59 37 4
2/17-19/03 59 38 3
2/7-9/03 63 34 3
1/31 - 2/2/03 58 38 4
1/23-25/03 52 43 5
1/10-12/03 56 38 6
1/3-5/03 56 39 5
12/19-22/02 53 38 9
12/16-17/02 58 35 7
12/9-10/02 55 39 6
11/22-24/02 58 37 5
11/8-10/02 59 35 6
10/21-22/02 54 40 6
10/14-17/02 56 37 7
10/3-6/02 53 40 7
9/02 57 38 5

.

"Would you favor or oppose invading Iraq with U.S. ground troops in the next week or two in an attempt to remove Saddam Hussein from power?" Form B (N=519, MoE ± 5)

Favor Oppose No
Opinion
% % %
3/14-15/03 58 40 2

.

"Do you think the Bush Administration has or has not made a convincing case about the need for the U.S. to take military action against Iraq?"

Has Has Not No
Opinion
% % %
3/14-15/03 57 41 2
2/7-9/03 56 41 3

.

"Which comes closer to your view about the way the Bush Administration has handled diplomatic efforts with other nations regarding the situation with Iraq: the Bush Administration did the best job possible given the circumstances, it did a fairly good job but made some mistakes, it did a fairly bad job but did some things right, OR the Bush Administration completely mishandled the diplomatic efforts?" Options were rotated

%

.

Did the best job possible 26
Did a fairly good job 42
Did a fairly bad job 17
Completely mishandled it 14
No opinion 1

.

"Which comes closest to your view: Iraq poses an immediate threat to the United States, Iraq poses a long-term threat to the U.S., but not an immediate threat, or Iraq does not pose a threat to the United States at all?" Options were rotated. Form A (N=488, MoE ± 5)

Immed-
iate
Threat
Long-
term
Threat
Not a
Threat
At All
No
Opinion
% % % %
3/14-15/03 36 54 10 -
2/7-9/03 36 56 6 2
1/31 - 2/2/03 29 61 7 3

.

"Do you think Saddam Hussein is involved in supporting terrorist groups that have plans to attack the United States, or not?" Form A (N=488, MoE ± 5)

Yes,
Involved
No, Not
Involved
No
Opinion
% % %
3/03 88 9 3
8/02 86 8 6

.

"Do you think Saddam Hussein was personally involved in the September 11th terrorist attacks, or not?" Form B (N=519, MoE ± 5)

Yes,
Involved
No, Not
Involved
No
Opinion
% % %
3/03 51 41 8
8/02 53 34 13

 

Zogby International Poll. March 14-15, 2003. N=1,129 likely voters nationwide. MoE ± 3.

.

"Currently, would you strongly support, somewhat support, somewhat oppose, or strongly oppose a war against Iraq?"

Support Oppose Not
Sure
% % %
3/14-15/03 54 42 4
3/5-7/03 57 40 4
2/19-20/03 54 41 5
2/6-8/03 58 37 5
1/24-26/03 47 49 4
1/4-6/03 49 45 6

.

"Would you support or oppose a war against Iraq if it were only comprised of bombing the country?"

Support Oppose Not
Sure
% % %
3/14-15/03 37 56 8
3/5-7/03 37 56 7
2/19-20/03 38 50 12
2/6-8/03 41 48 11
1/24-26/03 31 60 10
9/02 36 52 12

.

.

"Would you support or oppose a war against Iraq if it included sending in hundreds of thousands of U.S. ground troops?"

Support Oppose Not
Sure
% % %
3/14-15/03 48 45 7
3/5-7/03 53 41 6
2/19-20/03 47 45 8
2/6-8/03 49 44 7
1/24-26/03 42 52 6
9/02 45 46 9

.

"Would you support or oppose a war against Iraq if there were hundreds of American casualties?"

Support Oppose Not
Sure
% % %
3/14-15/03 46 47 7
3/5-7/03 49 45 6
2/19-20/03 46 47 7
2/6-8/03 43 49 8
1/24-26/03 39 56 6
9/02 41 50 10

.

"Would you support or oppose a war against Iraq if there were thousands of American casualties?"

Support Oppose Not
Sure
% % %
3/14-15/03 43 50 7
3/5-7/03 44 50 6
2/19-20/03 41 51 8
2/6-8/03 40 52 8
1/24-26/03 35 59 6
9/02 39 50 11

.

"Would you support or oppose a war against Iraq if it meant thousands of Iraqi military casualties?"

Support Oppose Not
Sure
% % %
3/14-15/03 54 40 6
3/5-7/03 57 40 4
2/19-20/03 51 42 7
2/6-8/03 52 41 7
1/24-26/03 44 50 7
9/02 51 39 10

.

"Would you support or oppose a war against Iraq if it meant thousands of Iraqi civilian casualties?"

Support Oppose Not
Sure
% % %
3/14-15/03 43 51 7
3/5-7/03 43 52 5
2/19-20/03 40 53 7
2/6-8/03 39 54 8
1/24-26/03 34 60 7
9/02 38 51 11

.

"Would you support or oppose sending your son or daughter to war to remove Saddam Hussein?"

Support Oppose Not
Sure
% % %
3/14-15/03 50 43 7
3/5-7/03 53 44 4
2/19-20/03 50 43 7
2/6-8/03 49 44 7
1/24-26/03 45 47 8
9/02 45 46 9

.

"Would you support or oppose a war against Iraq if the U.S. waged it without significant UN or international support?"

Support Oppose Not
Sure
% % %
3/14-15/03 47 49 5
3/5-7/03 49 47 4
2/19-20/03 43 50 7
2/6-8/03 41 54 4
1/24-26/03 37 59 4
9/02 40 52 9

 

Newsweek Poll conducted by Princeton Survey Research Associates. March 13-14, 2003. N=1,004 adults nationwide. MoE ± 3.

.

". . . Do you approve or disapprove of the way Bush is handling policies to deal with the threat posed by Iraq and its leader Saddam Hussein?"
Approve Disap-
prove
Don't
Know
% % %
3/13-14/03 56 37 7
2/6-7/03 60 33 7
1/23-24/03 53 42 5
1/16-17/03 53 38 9
10/10-11/02 58 34 8
9/26-27/02 60 30 10
9/12-13/02 60 30 10

.

"In the fight against terrorism, the Bush Administration has talked about using military force against Saddam Hussein and his military in Iraq. Would you support using military force against Iraq, or not?"
Would
Support
Would
Not
Don't
Know
% % %
3/13-14/03 70 24 6
2/6-7/03 70 25 5
1/23-24/03 60 35 5
1/16-17/03 63 31 6
10/24-25/02 64 29 7
10/10-11/02 66 26 8
9/26-27/02 63 29 8
9/12-13/02 67 26 7
8/28-29/02 62 31 7
4/02 68 24 8

.

"Please tell me whether or not you would support the following kinds of U.S. military action against Iraq and Saddam Hussein. What about [see below]? Would you support this kind of military action or not?"

Would
Support
Would
Not
Don't
Know
% % %

"Using air strikes against Iraq without any troops on the ground"

3/13-14/03 67 27 6
2/6-7/03 68 25 7
1/23-24/03 66 28 6
1/16-17/03 69 25 6
10/10-11/02 68 25 7
9/26-27/02 67 27 6
9/12-13/02 70 24 6
8/28-29/02 63 30 7
   

.

"Sending in commandos or special forces to capture Saddam Hussein or work with local anti-Saddam forces"

3/13-14/03 79 17 4
2/6-7/03 77 19 4
1/23-24/03 71 24 5
1/16-17/03 72 23 5
10/10-11/02 70 21 9
9/26-27/02 72 21 6
9/12-13/02 76 19 5
8/28-29/02 70 23 7
   

.

"Sending in large numbers of U.S. ground troops to ensure control of the country"

3/13-14/03 59 35 6
2/6-7/03 58 35 7
1/23-24/03 49 45 6
1/16-17/03 51 41 8
10/10-11/02 48 42 10
9/26-27/02 50 42 8
9/12-13/02 55 37 8
8/28-29/02 49 45 6

.

"Right now, which ONE of the following do you think is more important for the United States? To move forward quickly with military action as the only way to effectively deal with Iraq. To take more time to try to achieve our goals in Iraq without using military force."
Move
Forward
Quickly
Take
More
Time
Don't
Know
% % %
3/13-14/03 43 53 4
2/6-7/03 46 50 4
1/23-24/03 32 66 2
1/16-17/03 35 60 5

.

"Please tell me if you would support or oppose U.S. military action against Iraq in each of the following circumstances. What if [see below]? Would you support or oppose U.S. military action in this circumstance?"
Would
Support
Would
Oppose
Don't
Know
% % %
"The United States JOINED TOGETHER with its major allies to attack Iraq, with the FULL SUPPORT of the United Nations Security Council"
3/13-14/03 85 12 3
2/6-7/03 85 12 3
1/23-24/03 81 15 4
1/16-17/03 81 14 5
1/3-6/03 83 13 4
   

.

"The United States and ONE OR TWO of its major allies attacked Iraq, WITHOUT the support of the United Nations"
3/13-14/03 54 41 5
2/6-7/03 50 44 6
1/23-24/03 40 53 7
1/16-17/03 39 52 9
1/3-6/03 47 45 8
   

.

"The United States ACTED ALONE in attacking Iraq, WITHOUT the support of the United Nations"
3/13-14/03 43 54 3
2/6-7/03 37 59 4
1/23-24/03 31 65 4
1/16-17/03 31 63 6
1/3-6/03 34 59 7

.

"How much more time, if any, do you think the United States should give Saddam Hussein to disarm voluntarily before going to war with Iraq: only a few more days, until the end of this month, another month, several months, or longer than that?"

%
Only a few more days 38
Until the end of this month 19
Another month 14
Several months 11
Longer than that 10
Don't know 8

.

"Do you think military force is the ONLY way to disarm Iraq, or that diplomacy can be successful in convincing Iraq to disarm?"

%
Force is the only way 58
Diplomacy can work 34
Don't know 8

.

"If the United States takes military action against Iraq, do you think [see below]?"
Yes No Don't
Know
% % %
"It would create serious divisions between the U.S. and its allies"
3/13-14/03 66 28 6
2/6-7/03 53 38 9

.

"It would cause serious problems for the U.S. throughout the Arab world"
3/13-14/03 69 25 6
2/6-7/03 71 22 7

.

"Iraq would retaliate by using biological or chemical weapons against Israel"
3/13-14/03 73 14 13
2/6-7/03 73 13 14

.

"Iraq would retaliate by using biological or chemical weapons against the United States"
3/13-14/03 78 16 6
2/6-7/03 76 16 8

.

"It would inspire terrorist attacks against American citizens"
3/13-14/03 82 14 4
2/6-7/03 86 10 4

.

"It would start a peace or protest movement like the one during the time of the Vietnam War"
3/13-14/03 68 20 12
2/6-7/03 62 28 10

.

"It would lead to reinstatement of a military draft in this country"

3/13-14/03 46 45 9
2/6-7/03 42 46 12

.

"What if the U.S. does NOT take military action against Iraq? If there is no U.S. military action, do you think [see below]?"
Yes No Don't
Know
% % %

"Iraq would eventually use weapons of mass destruction against a neighboring country"

3/13-14/03 77 17 6
2/6-7/03 75 14 11

.

"Saddam Hussein would be instrumental in helping Al Qaeda terrorists carry out future attacks against the United States"

3/13-14/03 80 13 7
2/6-7/03 83 9 8

.

"Because France has been an outspoken opponent of U.S. policy regarding Iraq, some Americans have refused to buy French wine or other products from France, or taken other actions to show their unhappiness with France. In recent months, have you personally done anything like this, or personally know someone who has?"

%

.

Yes -- self 12
Yes -- someone else, but not self 6
No 81
Don't know 1

.

"Do you think such protests by Americans against France are warranted, or that they are an overreaction to France's Iraq policy?"

%

.

Warranted 36

.

Overreaction 57

.

Don't know 7

.


 

FOX News/Opinion Dynamics Poll. March 11-12, 2003. N=900 registered voters nationwide. MoE ± 3.

.

"I'm going to read the names of some people. Please tell me whether you have a generally favorable or unfavorable opinion of each one. If you've never heard of someone, please just say so. . . ."

Favor-
able
Unfav-
orable
Can't Say
(vol.)
Never
Heard Of
% % % %
Tony Blair 64 7 12 17
Jacques Chirac 9 26 19 46
Gerhard Schroeder 6 15 21 58

.

"It is estimated that the war in Iraq will cost each U.S. taxpayer about 300 dollars. Do you think it is worth 300 dollars per taxpayer to disarm Iraq and remove Iraqi President Saddam Hussein from power?"

%

.

Yes 69

.

No 23

.

Not sure 8

.

.

"Which do you think is more likely: Iraq is completely complying with the existing UN resolutions and disarming, or Iraq is lying to the United Nations and continuing to keep and build weapons?"

. %
Completely complying 4
Keeping, building weapons 87
Not sure 9

.

"Do you favor or oppose boycotting products from France and Germany for opposing the U.S. position on Iraq?"

%

.

Favor 40

.

Oppose 47

.

Not sure 13

.

.

"If the U.S. goes to war with Iraq, do you think the threat of more terrorist strikes against the U.S. will [see below]?"

. %
Increase a lot 33
Increase a little 34
Decrease a little 9
Decrease a lot 7
Stay the same (vol.) 10
Not sure 7

.

"What about if the U.S. does NOT go to war with Iraq, do you think the threat of more terrorist strikes against the U.S. will [see below]?"

. %
Increase a lot 25
Increase a little 33
Decrease a little 12
Decrease a lot 4
Stay the same (vol.) 18
Not sure 8

.

"If Iraq were to use weapons of mass destruction against U.S. troops or a neighboring country, would you support or oppose the United States using weapons of mass destruction in response?"

%

.

Support 65

.

Oppose 23

.

Not sure 12

.


Earlier polling on Iraq


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