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       Work        See also:  Confidence in institutions (organized labor)

 
 
 

Gallup Poll. Aug. 7-10, 2014. N=1,032 adults nationwide. Margin of error 4.

             

"Do you approve or disapprove of labor unions?"

 
    Approve Disapprove Unsure    
    % % %    
 

8/7-10/14

53

38

10

 

 

 

8/7-11/13

54

39

7

 

 

 

8/9-12/12

52

42

6

 

 

 

8/11-14/11

52

42

6

 

 

 

8/5-8/10

52

41

7

 

 

 

8/6-9/09

48

45

7

 

 

 

8/7-10/08

59

31

10

 

 

 

8/13-16/07

60

32

8

 

 

 

8/7-10/06

59

29

12

 

 

 

8/8-11/05

58

33

9

 

 

 

8/9-11/04

59

34

7

 

 

 

8/4-6/03

65

29

6

 

 

 

8/5-8/02

58

33

9

 

 

 

8/16-19/01

60

32

8

 

 

 

8/24-26/99

65

28

7

 

 

 

3/5-7/99

66

29

5

 

 

 

8/12-13/97

60

31

9

 

 

 

1941

61

30

9

 

 

 

1936

72

20

8

 

 

             

"Thinking about the future, do you think labor unions in this country will become stronger than they are today, the same as today, or weaker than they are today?" Options rotated

 
    Stronger Same Weaker Unsure  
    % % % %  
 

8/7-10/14

21

25

49

6

 

 

8/7-11/13

22

21

52

5

 

 

8/9-12/12

21

22

52

4

 

 

8/11-14/11

20

22

55

3

 

 

8/5-8/10

25

25

46

5

 

 

8/6-9/09

24

24

48

4

 

 

8/7-10/08

22

30

41

7

 

 

8/13-16/07

19

31

45

5

 

 

8/8-11/05

19

25

53

3

 

 

8/9-11/04

21

34

41

4

 

 

8/5-8/02

23

35

36

6

 

 

8/16-19/01

24

30

40

6

 

 

8/24-26/99

25

28

44

3

 

             

"Would you, personally, like to see labor unions in the United States have more influence than they have today, the same amount as today, or less influence than they have today?" Options rotated

 
    More
influence
Same
amount
Less
influence
Unsure  
    % % % %  
 

8/7-10/14

35

23

37

5

 

 

8/7-11/13

33

25

38

4

 

 

8/9-12/12

29

25

41

4

 

 

8/11-14/11

30

25

42

3

 

 

8/5-8/10

29

27

40

4

 

 

8/6-9/09

25

28

42

5

 

 

8/7-10/08

35

28

32

5

 

 

8/13-16/07

35

33

28

4

 

 

8/8-11/05

38

29

30

3

 

 

8/9-11/04

29

36

32

3

 

 

8/5-8/02

27

36

31

6

 

 

8/16-19/01

30

35

31

4

 

 

8/24-26/99

30

36

32

2

 

             

"Have you heard of state laws called right-to-work or 'open shop' laws?"

 
    Yes No Unsure    
    % % %    
 

8/7-10/14

55

45

1

 

 

             

"Some states have passed right-to-work or open shop laws that say each worker has the right to hold his job in a company, no matter whether he joins a labor union, or not. If you were asked to vote on such a law, would you vote for it, or against it?"

 
    For it Against it Unsure    
    % % %    
 

8/7-10/14

71

22

7

 

 

             

"Those in favor of right-to-work or open shop laws say that no American should be required to join any private organization, like a labor union, against his will. Do you agree or disagree with this?" N=515 (Form A), margin of error 6.

 
    Agree Disagree Unsure    
    % % %    
 

8/7-10/14

82

15

3

 

 

             

"Those opposed to right-to-work or open shops laws say that when all workers share the gains won by the labor union, all workers should have to join and pay dues to give the union financial support. Do you agree or disagree with this?" N=515 (Form A), margin of error 6.

 
    Agree Disagree Unsure    
    % % %    
 

8/7-10/14

32

64

5

 

 


 

CNN/ORC Poll. May 29-June 1, 2014. N=1,003 adults nationwide. Margin of error 3.

             

"As you may know, the federal minimum wage is currently set at $7.25 an hour. Do you favor or oppose an increase in the federal minimum wage?"

 
    Favor Oppose Unsure    
    % % %    
 

5/29 - 6/1/14

71

28

1    
             

"As you may know, the federal minimum wage is currently set at $7.25 an hour. Do you favor or oppose an increase in the federal minimum wage?" If favor: "Some people have proposed a bill that would increase the federal minimum wage to $10.10 an hour. Do you think the minimum wage should be increased to $10.10 an hour, or do you think it should be increased, but not that high, or do you think it should be increased to an even higher level?" Combined responses

 
    Favor:
Less than
$10.10
Favor:
$10.10
Favor:
More than
$10.10
Oppose Unsure
    % % % % %
 

5/29 - 6/1/14

19

36

16

28

1

 

Bloomberg National Poll conducted by Selzer & Company. March 7-10, 2014. N=1,001 adults nationwide. Margin of error 3.1.

             

"For the following proposals the U.S. Congress is considering, please tell me if you favor or oppose the idea. ..."

             
  "Raising the minimum wage to $10.10 over the next three years."
 
    Favor Oppose Unsure    
    % % %    
 

3/7-10/14

69

28

3    
             
 

"Extending unemployment benefits beyond the current term."

 
    Favor Oppose Unsure    
    % % %    
 

3/7-10/14

52

45

3    
             

"A recent report by the Congressional Budget Office says that raising the minimum wage to $10.10 over the next three years would increase the incomes of 16.5 million Americans while eliminating 500,000 jobs. Does that tradeoff seem acceptable or unacceptable to you?"

 
    Acceptable Unacceptable Unsure    
    % % %    
 

3/7-10/14

34

57

9    

 

ABC News/Washington Post Poll. Feb. 27-March 2, 2014. N=1,002 adults nationwide. Margin of error 3.5.

             

"If a candidate for U.S. Congress supports increasing the minimum wage, would that make you more likely to vote for that candidate, less likely or wouldn't it make much difference in your vote?"

 
    More likely Less likely Not much
difference
Unsure  
    % % % %  
 

2/27 - 3/2/14

50

19

28 2  

 

CBS News/New York Times Poll. Feb. 19-23, 2014. N=1,644 adults nationwide. Margin of error 3.

             

"As you may know, the federal minimum wage is currently $7.25 an hour. Do you favor or oppose raising the minimum wage to $10.10?"

 
    Favor Oppose Unsure/
No answer
   
    % % %    
 

2/19-23/14

65

33

2    
 

1/17-21/14

72

26

1    

 

ABC News/Washington Post Poll. Jan. 20-23, 2014. N=1,003 adults nationwide. Margin of error 3.5.

             

"Congress is considering whether or not again to extend the period in which people who've lost their jobs can get unemployment benefits. Supporters say this will help those who can't find work. Opponents say this adds too much to the federal budget deficit. Do you think Congress should or should not approve another extension of unemployment benefits?"

 
    Should Should
not
Unsure    
    % % %    
 

1/20-23/14

60

37

3

 

 


 

CBS News Poll. Jan. 17-21, 2014. N=1,018 adults nationwide. Margin of error 3.

             

"Do you think the government should extend unemployment benefits for people who are currently out of work, or shouldn't it do that?"

 
    Should Should
not
Depends
(vol.)
Unsure/
No answer
 
    % % % %  
 

1/17-21/14

65

29

4

3  
             

"Do you think receiving unemployment benefits makes people more motivated to look for a job, less motivated to look for a job, or doesn't it make a difference?"

 
    More
motivated
Less
motivated
No
difference
Unsure/
No answer
 
    % % % %  
 

1/17-21/14

17

42

37

4  
             

"Do you think raising the federal minimum wage to $10.10 an hour would reduce the number of jobs available in the United States, or don't you think it would?"

 
    Would
reduce
Would not
reduce
Unsure/
No answer
   
    % % %    
 

1/17-21/14

41

54

5    

 

Pew Research Center/USA Today. Jan. 15-19, 2014. N=1,504 adults nationwide. Margin of error 2.9.

             

"Thinking about some government policies, do you strongly favor, favor, oppose, or strongly oppose an increase in the minimum wage from $7.25 to $10.10 an hour?"

 
    Favor Oppose Unsure/
Refused
   
    % % %    
 

1/15-19/14

73

25

3

 

 

             

"How about a one-year extension of federal unemployment benefits for people who have been out of work for a long time? Do you strongly favor, favor, oppose, or strongly oppose?"

 
    Favor Oppose Unsure/
Refused
   
    % % %    
 

1/15-19/14

63

34

3

 

 


 

Quinnipiac University Poll. Jan. 4-7, 2014. N=1,487 registered voters nationwide. Margin of error 2.5.

             

"Would you support or oppose raising the national minimum wage, which is now $7.25 an hour?"

 
    Support Oppose Unsure/
No answer
   
    % % %    
 

1/4-7/14

71

27

3    
 

12/3-9/13

69

27

4    
             

"Do you think Congress should or should not approve a three-month extension of unemployment benefits for people who are currently out of work?"

 
    Should Should not Unsure/
No answer
   
    % % %    
 

1/4-7/14

58

37

5    

 

ABC News/Washington Post Poll. Dec. 12-15, 2013. N=1,005 adults nationwide. Margin of error 3.5.

             

"Some people say the minimum wage should be raised to help low-income workers get by. Others say raising the minimum wage will lead some businesses to cut jobs. Given these arguments, do you support or oppose raising the minimum wage?" Arguments rotated.

 
    Support Oppose Unsure    
    % % %    
 

12/12-15/13

66

31

2

 

 

             

"The minimum wage in this country is now seven dollars and 25 cents an hour. What do you think it should be?"

 
    MEAN
response
MEDIAN
response
None (vol.) Unsure  
    % %  
 
 

12/12-15/13

$9.41

$9.00

2

8

 


 

Quinnipiac University Poll. Dec. 3-9, 2013. N=2,692 registered voters nationwide. Margin of error 1.9.

             

"Would you support or oppose raising the national minimum wage, which is now $7.25 an hour?"

 
    Support Oppose Unsure/
No answer
   
    % % %    
 

ALL

69

27

4    
 

Republicans

49

44

7    
 

Democrats

91

8

1    
 

Independents

67

28

5    

 

CBS News Poll. Nov. 15-18, 2013. N=1,010 adults nationwide. Margin of error 3.

             

"As you may know, the federal minimum wage is currently $7.25 an hour. Do you think the minimum wage should be raised or should it remain at $7.25 an hour?"

 
    Should
be raised
Should
remain at
$7.25
Unsure/
No answer
   
    % % %    
 

11/15-18/13

69

25

6

 

 


 

Quinnipiac University Poll. Nov. 6-11, 2013. N=2,545 registered voters nationwide. Margin of error 1.9.

             

"There is a bill in Congress to outlaw workplace discrimination against gay men, lesbians and transgender people. Do you support or oppose this bill?"

 
    Support Oppose Unsure/
No answer
   
    % % %    
 

ALL

66

25

9    
 

Republicans

53

34

14    
 

Democrats

81

15

5    
 

Independents

67

25

8    

 

Gallup Poll. Nov. 5-6, 2013. N=1,040 adults nationwide. Margin of error 4.

             

"Suppose that on Election Day you could vote on key issues as well as candidates. Would you vote for or against a law that would raise the federal minimum wage to nine dollars an hour?" N=510 adults (Form A), margin of error 5

 
    For Against Unsure    
    % % %    
 

11/5-6/13

76

22

3

 

 

 

3/2-3/13

71

27

2

 

 

             

"Suppose that on Election Day you could vote on key issues as well as candidates. Would you vote for or against a law that would raise the federal minimum wage to nine dollars an hour with automatic increases tied to the inflation rate?" N=530 adults (Form B), margin of error 5

 
    For Against Unsure    
    % % %    
 

11/5-6/13

69

28

3

 

 

             

"Would you vote for or against a law that would make it illegal to discriminate in the workplace on the basis of sexual orientation or gender identity?"

 
    For Against Unsure    
    % % %    
 

11/5-6/13

63

31

6

 

 


 

Gallup Poll. June 20-24, 2013. N=508 adults nationwide. Margin of error 5.

             

"If you had a child, would you like to see him or her go into politics as a life's work?"

 
    Yes No Unsure    
    % % %    
 

6/20-24/13

31

64

5

 

 


 

Public Religion Research Institute. May 15-19, 2013. N=1,000 adults nationwide. Margin of error 3.1.

             

"I'd like to get your views on some issues that are being discussed in the country today. All in all, do you strongly favor, favor, oppose, or strongly oppose laws that would protect gay and lesbian people against job discrimination?"

 
    Strongly
favor
Favor Oppose Strongly
oppose
Unsure/
Refused
    % % % % %
 

5/15-19/13

33

40

13

9

5


 

NBC News/Wall Street Journal Poll conducted by the polling organizations of Peter Hart (D) and Bill McInturff (R). Feb. 21-24, 2013. N=1,000 adults nationwide. Margin of error 3.1.

             

"Thinking about the proposal to raise the federal minimum wage from seven dollars and twenty-five cents an hour to nine dollars an hour: Do you think we should raise the minimum wage because it would raise many families out of poverty and boost the economy by giving low-wage families more money to spend, OR, should NOT raise the minimum wage because it would hurt small businesses and could make it more difficult for low-skill workers to get work as it would be more expensive for businesses to hire?"

 
    Should
raise
Should
not raise
Mixed/
Both (vol.)
Unsure  
    % % % %  
 

2/21-24/13

58

36

4

2

 


 

Pew Research Center/USA Today. Feb. 13-18, 2013. N=1,504 adults nationwide. Margin of error 2.9.

             

"Do you strongly favor, favor, oppose, or strongly oppose an increase in the minimum wage from $7.25 to $9.00 an hour?"

 
    Strongly
favor
Favor Oppose Strongly
oppose
Unsure/
Refused
    % % % % %
 

2/13-18/13

36

34

16

10

3


 

United Technologies/National Journal Congressional Connection Poll conducted by Princeton Survey Research Associates International. May 3-6, 2012. N=999 adults nationwide. Margin of error 3.6.

             

"As you may know, the U.S. Senate is considering legislation that would make it easier for women to sue for wage discrimination. Democrats say the bill would promote fairness in the workplace, while Republicans say it would encourage too many unjustified lawsuits. Who are you more likely to trust on this issue: the Democrats OR the Republicans?"

 
    Democrats Republicans Neither/
Other (vol.)
Unsure  
    % % % %  
 

5/3-6/12

52

36

7

5

 


 

United Technologies/National Journal Congressional Connection Poll conducted by Princeton Survey Research Associates International. Dec. 1-4, 2011. N=1,008 adults nationwide. Margin of error 3.7.

             

"As you may know, the federal government now helps pay for up to 99 weeks of unemployment insurance for people who have lost their jobs. Unless Congress acts to extend these benefits by the end of this year, unemployed people will receive only 26 weeks of benefits. In your opinion, should Congress take action to keep unemployment benefits at 99 weeks, limit unemployment benefits to 26 weeks, OR set a new limit for unemployment benefits between 26 and 99 weeks?"

 
    Keep at
99 weeks
Limit to
26 weeks
Set between
26 & 99
None/
Other (vol.)
Unsure/
Refused
    % % % % %
 

12/1-4/11

29

20

46

2

3


 

ABC News/Washington Post Poll. Nov. 9-13, 2011. N=1,018 adults nationwide. Margin of error 3.5.

             

"Do you think sexual harassment of women in the workplace is a problem in this country or not?"

 
    Is Is not Unsure    
    % % %    
 

11/9-13/11

64

30

6

 

 

 

Women

69

27

4

 

 

 

Men

59

34

7

 

 

 
 

6/94

71

27

2

 

 

             

"Have you ever been sexually harassed at work, or not?"

 
    Yes No Never
worked (vol.)
   
    % % %    
 

11/9-13/11

17

83

-

 

 

 

Women

24

76

-

 

 

 

Men

9

91

-

 

 

 
 

6/94

21

78

1

 

 

             

Asked of men:
"Do you ever worry that you will be falsely accused of sexually harassing someone?"

 
    Yes No      
    % %      
 

Men

25

74

 

 

 

             

Asked of men:
"Have you ever said or done anything, even inadvertently, that a woman you worked with might have considered to be an unwanted sexual advance?"

 
    Yes No Unsure    
    % % %    
 

Men

10

89

1

 

 


 

NBC News/Wall Street Journal Poll conducted by the polling organizations of Peter Hart (D) and Bill McInturff (R). March 31-April 4, 2011. N=1,000 adults nationwide. Margin of error 3.1.

             

"Recently, some Republican governors have proposed new legislation that would reduce the collective bargaining rights and pay of unionized state public employees. Do you favor or oppose this?"

 
    Favor Oppose Unsure    
    % % %    
 

3/31 - 4/4/11

40

54

6

 

 


 

Gallup Poll. March 25-27, 2011. N=1,027 adults nationwide. Margin of error 4.

             

"As you may know, Wisconsin and other states have been in the news because of disputes between the governors and state employee labor unions over collective bargaining policies and the states' budget. How closely have you followed the news about this: very closely, somewhat closely, not too closely, or not at all?"

 
    Very closely Somewhat
closely
Not too
closely
Not at all Unsure
    % % % % %
 

3/25-27/11

28

32

20

19

1

             

"In states where there are such disputes, would you say you agree more with the governors or the state employee labor unions?" Options rotated

 
    Governors Labor unions Neither
(vol.)
Unsure  
    % % % %  
 

3/25-27/11

39

48

4

9

 


 

Fox News Poll conducted by Anderson Robbins Research (D) and Shaw & Company Research (R). March 14-16, 2011. N=913 registered voters nationwide. Margin of error 3.

             

"In general, do you think unions are still necessary to protect workers or are unions unnecessary these days?"

 
    Necessary Unnecessary Unsure    
    % % %    
 

ALL

60

36

4

 

 

 

Democrats

75

20

4

 

 

 

Republicans

41

55

4

 

 

 

Independents

65

32

3

 

 

             

"Would you rather be in a union at your job, or not in a union?"

 
    In a union Not in a union No preference
(vol.)
Unsure  
    % % % %  
 

3/14-16/11

43

48

6

3

 

             

"Please tell me if you think states should allow public employee unions to negotiate for each of the following. . . ."

 
    Should Should not Unsure    
    % % %    
 

"Salary and wages"

 

3/14-16/11

69

28

3

 

 

             
 

"Health care benefits"

 

3/14-16/11

69

29

2

 

 

             
 

"Pension and retirement benefits"

 

3/14-16/11

68

29

3

 

 

             

"Do you think the debates going on in several states right now about public employee union rights and benefits are better described as political attacks to try to kill unions or serious attempts to address budget deficits?" Options rotated

 
    Political
attacks
Attempts to
address
deficits
Mixed/
Both (vol.)
Unsure  
    % % % %  
 

3/14-16/11

44

38

8

11

 

             

"How concerned are you that public employee unions have too much influence over politicians who, when elected, must negotiate with these groups: very concerned, somewhat concerned, not very concerned or not at all concerned?"

 
    Very
concerned
Somewhat
concerned
Not very
concerned
Not at all
concerned
Unsure
    % % % % %
 

3/14-16/11

35

33

16

12

3


 

CNN/Opinion Research Corporation Poll. March 11-13, 2011. N=1,023 adults nationwide. Margin of error 3.

             

"In the labor disputes of the last two or three years, have your sympathies in general been on the side of unions or on the side of the companies?"

 
    Unions Companies Neither (vol.) Both (vol.) Unsure
    % % % % %
 

ALL

49

41

6

2

3

 

Democrats

72

24

2

1

2

 

Independents

49

37

8

2

4

 

Republicans

21

67

6

2

4


 

ABC News/Washington Post Poll. March 10-13, 2011. N=1,005 adults nationwide. Margin of error 3.5.

             

"Do you think workers in this country should or should not have a right to form unions to negotiate with employers on things like their working conditions, pay, benefits and pensions?"

 
    Should Should not Unsure    
    % % %    
 

3/10-13/11

81

18

2

 

 

             

"Now thinking specifically about workers employed by state governments, do you think those workers should or should not have a right to form unions to negotiate things like their working conditions, pay, benefits and pensions?"

 
    Should Should not Unsure    
    % % %    
 

3/10-13/11

67

32

1

 

 


 

Bloomberg National Poll conducted by Selzer & Company. March 4-7, 2011. N=1,001 adults nationwide. Margin of error 3.1.

             

"Do you think public employees receive better, worse, or about the same compensation as comparable private sector employees?"

 
    Better Worse About
the same
Unsure  
    % % % %  
 

3/4-7/11

43

21

27

9

 

             

"Do you think public employees should or should not have the right to collectively bargain for wages?"

 
    Should Should not Unsure    
    % % %    
 

3/4-7/11

64

32

4

 

 

             

"With states facing budget crunches, several Republican governors across the country are trying to scale back benefits for state workers. Which of the following positions comes closest to your view? Public employees enjoy generous benefits that cash-strapped states can ill afford, and they should be willing to sacrifice to help states avoid a budget crisis. Governors are unfairly targeting public employee unions, and should not seek to balance their budgets by taking away benefits promised to state workers."

 
    Should
sacrifice to
help states
Unions are
unfairly
targeted
Unsure    
    % % %    
 

3/4-7/11

46

49

5

 

 

             

"Some state pension plans no longer have enough money to pay what was agreed to. In this difficult situation, do you think the state should or should not have the power to break agreements on what pensions will pay current retirees?"

 
    Should Should not Unsure    
    % % %    
 

3/4-7/11

33

63

4

 

 

             

"Who do you believe has more political power: labor unions or corporate America?"

 
    Labor unions Corporate
America
Unsure    
    % % %    
 

3/4-7/11

32

63

5

 

 

             

"For each of the following types of work, please tell me if you think a union is or is not appropriate. Just answer yes or no. . . ."

 
    Yes No Unsure    
    % % %    
 

"Firefighters"

 

3/4-7/11

72

27

1

 

 

             
 

"Police officers"

 

3/4-7/11

70

29

1

 

 

             
 

"Teachers"

 

3/4-7/11

66

33

1

 

 

             
 

"Prison guards"

 

3/4-7/11

63

36

1

 

 

             
 

"Nurses at public hospitals"

 

3/4-7/11

62

36

2

 

 

             
 

"Custodians and office workers"

 

3/4-7/11

50

49

1

 

 

             

"In general, when governors and state legislators try to reduce the benefits of public employees, do you think they are doing this mostly to reduce state budget deficits or mostly to weaken the power of unions?"

 
    Reduce
deficits
Weaken
unions
Unsure    
    % % %    
 

3/4-7/11

49

43

8

 

 

             

"Now, I'd like to mention some major economic and political figures and groups. For each, please tell me if your feelings are very favorable, mostly favorable, mostly unfavorable, or very unfavorable. If you don't know enough to answer, just say so. . . ."

 
    Very
favorable
Mostly
favorable
Mostly
unfavorable
Very
unfavorable
Unsure
    % % % % %
 

"Public employees"

 

3/4-7/11

23

49

12

5

11

             
 

"Labor unions"

 

3/4-7/11

14

35

22

18

11

             
 

"Scott Walker, governor of Wisconsin"

 

3/4-7/11

9

13

12

16

50

             
 

"Chris Christie, governor of New Jersey"

 

3/4-7/11

9

12

9

8

62


Work continued


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